Larry Ryan Squire (most often Larry R. Squire; born 1941) is a professor of psychiatry, neurosciences, and psychology at the University of California, San Diego, and a Senior Research Career Scientist at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Diego. He is a leading investigator of the neurological bases of memory, which he studies using animal models and human patients with memory impairment. Squire received a B.A. from Oberlin College and a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he studied under the mentorship of Peter Schiller and Hans-Lukas Teuber. He subsequently completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, after which he accepted a position as a faculty member at the University of California, San Diego, where he has remained since. His publications include more than 480 research articles and two books: Memory and Brain (Oxford Press, 1987) and Memory: From Mind to Molecules with Eric Kandel (Roberts & Co., 2nd Ed, 2009). He is also Senior Editor of the textbook, Fundamental Neuroscience, now in its 4th Edition and Editor-in-Chief of The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography (now in eight volumes). In 1993-1994, he served as President of the Society for Neuroscience. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences (1993) and served on its governing Council (2009-2012). He is also an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and The Institute of Medicine. He is also a William James Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and is a recipient of the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the American Psychological Association, the William Middleton Award from the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Charles A. Dana Award for Pioneering Achievements in Health, the McGovern Award (American Association for the Advancement of Science), the Metropolitan Life Award for Medical Research, the Karl Lashley Award (American Philosophical Society), the Herbert Crosby Warren Medal (Society of Experimental Psychologists), the Award for Scientific Reviewing (National Academy of Sciences), and the Goldman-Rakic Prize (Brain and Behavior Research Foundation).
Larry Squire illuminated the anatomy and phenotype of human memory impairment, identified the anatomical components of the medial temporal lobe memory system (with Stuart Zola), pioneered the biological distinction between declarative and nondeclarative memory, explored the conscious and unconscious memory systems of the mammalian brain, and helped establish the standard account of memory consolidation
- Memory and Brain New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1987. XII, 315 p. ISBN 0-19-504208-5
- Memory: from Mind to Molecules, 2nd Edition, with Eric Kandel. Greenwood Village: Roberts & Co. ISBN 0981519415
- Fundamental Neuroscience. 4th ed. San Diego, CA : Academic Press, 2012. 1426 p. avec CD ISBN 9780123858702
- Squire, L. R. (2009). Memory and Brain Systems: 1969-2009. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 12711-12716.
- Wixted, J. T. & Squire, L. R. (2011). The Medial Temporal Lobe and the Attributes of Memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15, 210-217.
- Squire, L. R. & Wixted, J. (2011). The Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Memory since H.M., Annual Review of Neuroscience, 34, 259-288.
- Insausti, R., Annese, J. Amaral, D. G., Squire, L. R. (2013). Human Amnesia and the Medial Temporal Lobe Illuminated by Neuropsychological and Neurohistological Findings for Patient E.P., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U .S. A., 110, E1953-E1962.
- Have been issued in 2003 and 2008.