Las Anod

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Las Anod
Laascaanood
لاسعنود
Town
Lasanod town.jpg
Las Anod is located in Somalia
Las Anod
Las Anod
Location in Somalia
Coordinates: 08°28′40″N 047°23′38″E / 8.47778°N 47.39389°E / 8.47778; 47.39389Coordinates: 08°28′40″N 047°23′38″E / 8.47778°N 47.39389°E / 8.47778; 47.39389
Country  Somalia
Region Sool
District Las Anod
Population
 • Total 39,500
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Las Anod (Somali: Laascaanood, Arabic: لاسعنود‎) is the administrative capital of the northern Sool region of Somalia. The city was part of the Dervish State until 1921, when it was incorporated into the former British Somaliland protectorate.

Local control is disputed between Somaliland, Puntland and Khatumo State (formerly HBM-SSC or Hoggaanka Badbaadada iyo Mideynta SSC[1]).

History[edit]

During the pre-independence period, Las Anod served as an early center for Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish resistance.

Shops in Las Anod.

On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the city, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards. His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover. The putsch was spearheaded by Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, who at the time commanded the army.[2]

Following the outbreak of the civil war in 1991, separatist figures in the present-day Somaliland region in northwestern Somalia unilaterally declared independence from the rest of the country and laid claim to the Sool province and its capital Las Anod. In 2002, a re-organized Puntland government took over administration of Las Anod, with the consent of the city's residents.[3] Due to delays in infrastructure spending in Sool, some locals felt disenfranchised and sided with Somaliland in the latter's October 2007 occupation of the area.[3][4][5] Since Somaliland militarily seized the city, some 20,000 civilians have moved away.[3][6] Large protests have also been staged in the city against visiting delegations from Somaliland.[7] Additionally, the Puntland authorities have condemned the occupation and demanded that Somaliland withdraw its troops.[8]

Geography[edit]

Las Anod is strategically positioned along trade routes in northwestern Somalia. The city is almost surrounded by hills and has considerable water resources, the latter of which makes it a prime destination for peoples from other parts of generally arid Somalia as well as from neighboring countries such as Djibouti and Ethiopia.

Demographics[edit]

Las Anod has an estimated population of 39,500 inhabitants.[9] The broader Las Anod District has a total population of 75,436 residents.[10] Prior to 1991, Las Anod was a small town. However, it has now expanded to the point where travelers require public transportation to navigate the city's 10 neighborhoods.

The town is primarily inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Dhulbahante sub-clan of the Darod well-represented.[4] They share close kinship ties with fellow Harti communities in Puntland.[8]

Education[edit]

Las Anod has a number of academic institutions. According to the Puntland Ministry of Education, there are 6 primary schools in the Las Anod District. Among these are Tukaraq, Canjiid, Garbara and Al-falax Higlo.[11]

Tertiary education is provided by the Ilays National University (INU),[12] as well as Nugaal University (NU). Founded in 2004, NU is the first post-secondary institution of higher learning to be established in the area. The first group of four-year Nugaal University students graduated in September 2009.

Economy[edit]

Las Anod's economy is mainly centered on pastoralism and communications, with some additional retail trade. The area around the city is rich in livestock, while mobile phone services provide almost 40% of tax revenues.

Landmarks and services[edit]

Las Anod Airport offers air transportation to local residents. The city also has a general hospital, the Las Anod Hospital, which was opened in 2010.

In addition, the Las Anod features several landmarks. Among these sites are Goolad, Masjid Jama, Ataash, Royal, Durdurka, Darayda, Abdi Bille Football Stadium, Hills of Hilble, and Hills of Sayidka.

Media[edit]

Radio Laascaanood is the main radio station operating in the Sool region from Las Anod.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Somaliland’s Quest for International Recognition and the HBM-SSC Factor
  2. ^ Moshe Y. Sachs, Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, Volume 2, (Worldmark Press: 1988), p.290.
  3. ^ a b c "Somalia: Somaliland unable to control mass exodus out of Las Anod" Garowe Online 23 October 2007, from Internet Archive
  4. ^ a b Roble, Faisal (22 October 2007) "Somaliland: Is Invading Los Anod Part of Creating 'New Reality on the Ground'"? WardheerNews.Com
  5. ^ "Somalia: Las Anod clan elders 'give up' on Puntland govt" Garowe Online 8 June 2008
  6. ^ "Somalia: Somaliland forces fire on civilians in Las Anod, 1 killed" Garowe Online 7 November 2007
  7. ^ "Somalia: Protests in Las Anod against visiting Somaliland ministers" Garowe Online 21 October 2007, from Internet Archive
  8. ^ a b Somalia: Puntland leader warns of 'new civil war' as Somaliland forces attack Buhodle
  9. ^ "Somalia City & Town Population". Tageo. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)". UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Puntland - Primary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "Ilays National University". Ilays Educational Academy. Retrieved 17 November 2013.