Las Piñas Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Las Piñas Church
St. Joseph Parish Church of Las Piñas
Iglesia Parroquial de San José de Las Piñas
Las Piñas Church with the old convent to the right and St. Joseph's Academy, further right
Las Piñas Church is located in Metro Manila
Las Piñas Church
Las Piñas Church
Location in Metro Manila
14°28′52.2″N 120°58′53.6″E / 14.481167°N 120.981556°E / 14.481167; 120.981556
Location P. Diego Cera Avenue
Las Piñas, Metro Manila
Country Philippines
Denomination Roman Catholic
History
Founded 1795
Founder(s) Diego Cera
Dedication Saint Joseph
Relics held Las Piñas Bamboo Organ
Events International Bamboo Organ Festival
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation National Historical Landmark
Designated July 15, 2013
Architect(s) Diego Cera
Architectural type Earthquake Baroque
Groundbreaking 1797
Completed 1819[1]
Specifications
Length 110 feet (34 m)
Width 94 feet (29 m)
Nave width 70 feet (21 m)
Number of domes None
Materials Adobe (volcanic) stones
Administration
Parish Las Piñas
Diocese Parañaque
Province Manila
Clergy
Priest(s) Mario Josefino Martinez
Laity
Organist(s) Armando Salarza

St. Joseph Parish Church (Spanish: Iglesia Parroquial de San José de Las Piñas), commonly known as the Las Piñas Bamboo Organ Church or simply Las Piñas Church, is the Roman Catholic church of the parish of Las Piñas, just south of the city of Manila in the Philippines. The church is renowned as the house of the Las Piñas Bamboo Organ, a pipe organ made mostly with bamboo pipes. To the right of the church is an old Spanish convent converted into a gift shop and the entrance for observing the organ up close. Also in the church complex is St. Joseph's Academy, a primary and secondary education school established in 1914.

The parish falls under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Parañaque. The parish priest of the Las Piñas church is Rev. Msgr. Mario Josefino Martinez, PC, JCD since July 1, 2011.[2]

History[edit]

Bamboo Organ

Founding of the parish[edit]

On November 5, 1795, the Archbishop of Manila assigned Las Piñas, then a small town of farmers and fishermen, to the Augustinian Recollects to establish a new church. Fray Diego Cera de la Virgen del Carmen, a native of Spain, traveled from Mabalacat, Pampanga province and arrived on the town on the day after Christmas of 1795. Soon after, he started building the church made from adobe (volcanic) stones in the Earthquake Baroque architectural style.[1][3]

The new parish priest was a very gifted man. He was a natural scientist, chemist, architect, community leader, as well as organist and organ builder. He also built the organs for the Manila Cathedral and San Nicolas de Tolentino Church, the main Augustinian church in the old walled city of Manila. In 1816, when the stone church was almost complete, he started building the organ made of bamboo and completed the instrument in 1824.[1]

Father Cera served as the parish priest of Las Piñas till May 15, 1832, when he could no longer perform his duties due to severe illness. He died on June 24, 1832, in Manila.[1]

Architectural History of Las Piñas Church[edit]

Initial construction[edit]

During that period, Las Piñas was a third class municipality. The natives were mostly fishermen, farmers, laborers, embroiderers, and others engaged in small businesses. Despite the condition of the parish, Fr. Cera set a goal to construct a temporary chapel and convent near the seashore made out of nipa and bamboo. The inhabitants, which were only 1200 before, saw his dedication and in return helped him in construction by means of manual labor or donating construction materials.

Evolution of architecture style[edit]

From perishable materials, the natives, together with Fr. Cera, aspired of establishing a stone church. It will serve as the inhabitant's protection from outsiders and natural calamities. In 1797, Fr. Cera bought the present site of the church for only one hundred and fifty pesos. There was an existing house standing at that period, which belonged to the Recollect estate. He initiated and drew architectural plans for the stone church. While the foundations were being laid, big store rooms were built to keep construction materials. After three years, Fr. Cera requested for polistas or townspeople to render the construction of the church. The request was granted and they were only given free food, equivalent to their compensation. In 1813, religious activities were held temporarily at the old chapel. in 1816, the church's roof was completed and painting of walls began. With the cooperation of all 300 families in the city, the stone church was finished in 1819. It resembles solemn simplicity - truly an Earthquake Baroque architectural style.

Newly-constructed stone church[edit]

The church had three naves, a dome, side altars with Romanesque-styled tables, crypt stones each with a replica of the "Nuestra Señora dela Consolacion" on one side and St. Augustine on the other, a baptistry with a stone altar, and two sacristies with two wall closets each and a table with six drawers in one, and a tower with three posts topped by a spire. An antique statue of St. Joseph and life-size statue of the dead Christ were also among the first religious objects owned by the parish.

1829 Earthquakes[edit]

The stone church and the parochial house was destroyed by three earthquakes in January 18, July 29, and September 30 of 1829. Don Jose Rueda, former Gobernadorcillo (1925) of the town of Las Piñas concisely described the damages wrought to the church. According to him, the two arches were cracked, two naves and walls were destroyed, and the whole roof of the church including its cross beams and its dome were ruined. All the wooden structures inside the church were left standing in the midst of the rain.

Restoration efforts of Fr. Cera[edit]

Fr. Cera did not only solidify his name in building the stone church, but also in terms of architectural restoration. According to the remarks of the Most Reverend Jose Sequi, Archbishop of Manila, after visiting Las Piñas Church on October 29, 1831, he was amazed by the restoration works. He expressed thus: "After I have seen the beautiful church of this place which was the work of the parish priest and also the very delicate adornments done in spite of the poverty of the town, and for his (Cera's) effort to procure the best for his church even without the help he needed, the Holy Mother Church is rendering unto him the utmost gratitude and concern."

Second Restoration[edit]

Between 1971 and 1975, the church was restored by Francisco Mañosa and Partners, with Architect Ludwig Alvarez, through the administration of Rev. Fr. Mark Lesage, to bring back the 19th-century look of the church and to re-position the main altar to face the people, as required by the new Ecumenical Church guidelines.[4] The assessment revealed that the Las Piñas Church was in a depressing state due to:

  • Heavily plastered walls,[4]
  • Aquamarine wall paint finish,[4] and
  • Few fluorescent tubes hanging from the ceiling [4]

The repair works were conducted such as removal of plaster, ranging from 3-4 inches thick, and removal of debris. A 9 inch clay pot was discovered during the course of repair works in the church. It was believed to be as old as the church and even contained pieces of gold which enabled Fr. Mark to continue the restoration works. The walls and the Bamboo Organ were the remaining parts of the original church. The original thatch roof was burned twice, thus, replaced with galvanized sheets. The major portion of the restoration of the exterior walls was cleaned to reveal the original walls. Missing stones were replaced with similar stones to limit the use of cement. Carved stones were provided by the high school students of St. Joseph Academy, as a part of their school project. Retablos, which accentuates the main altar, came from the Vatina - a store in Makati. All silver items, or retablos, were eventually donated by the owner of Vatina - after she attended a thanksgiving mass of the church. The original baptismal font, hewn out of stones, were discovered buried in the courtyard of the church. This was cleaned by Eduardo Castrillo, a notable sculptor. He also added a brass basin sculpture as his additional contribution.[4]

In December 3, 1972, the newly restored church was inaugurated. The original framework were retained - complementary additions were executed. It features capiz chandeliers, aged bricks, old statues, bamboo ceiling, a choir loft with antique balustrades of carved wood and potted native palms.

The event coincided with the return of the Las Piñas Bamboo Organ on March 13, 1975 after three years of rehabilitation in Bonn, Germany, reviving the organ back to its original state.

On May 9, 1975, the bamboo organ made its inaugural concert at the newly renovated church and surrounding buildings. [3]

Construction of Bamboo Organ[edit]

See Bamboo Organ

Establishment of St. Joseph's Academy[edit]

In 1914, Belgian missionaries Fr. Jose van Runenkelen and Fr. Victor Zaiel of Congregatio Immaculati Cordis Mariae (CICM) established St. Joseph's School next to the church to foster literacy in the parish community. The school, which started as a grade school, eventually included secondary education and was renamed as St. Joseph's Academy.[5]

Recognition[edit]

Historical markers[edit]

The Las Piñas Church was designated as Historic Structure by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines with the placing of a historical marker in 1995.[6]

Simbahan ng Las Piñas
ITINATAG BILANG PUEBLO, 1762. INIHIWALAY SA PAROKYA NG PARAÑAQUE, 1775. ITINALAGANG UNANG NANINIRAHANG KURA PAROKO SI P. DIEGO CERA DELA VIRGEN DEL CARMEN. DISYEMBRE 26, 1795, IPINATAYO NIYA ANG SIMBAHANG BATO, 1797-1819 AT ANG ORGANONG YARI SA 902 TUBONG KAWAYAN AT 129 TUBONG LATA. 1818-1824, BAHAGYANG NASIRA NG LINDOL. 1828 AT 1863, DAHIL SA MAGKAKASUNOD NA PAGLINDOL NOONG 1880. ITO AY HINDI NA PINAGDAUSAN NG MISA. IPINAKUMPUNI NOONG 1883 SUBALIT HINDI ITO GANAP NA NAISAAYOS. GINAMIT NA KAMPO NG MGA BIHAG NOONG PANAHON NG PANANAKOPNG MGA HAPON AT BILANG PAGAMUTAN NOONG LIBERASYON. IBINALIK SA DATING KAAYUSAN SA PAMAMAGITAN NG MAGKASAMANG PAGPUPUNYAGI NG PARISH COMMUNITY AT NG HISTORICAL CONSERVATION SOCIETY, 1962-1977.[7]

In July 15, 2013, the Las Piñas Church was declared as a Historic Landmark by National Historical Institute.[8]

Simbahan ng Parokya ng San Jose, Las Piñas
IPINAHAYAG BILANG PAMBANSANG PALATANDAANG PANGKASAYSAYAN SA BISA NG RESOLUSYON BLG. 08 NG PAMBANSANG KOMISYONG PANGKASAYSAYAN NG PILIPINAS, 15 HULYO 2013.

Pastors[edit]

Below is the list of parish priests who served St. Joseph Church since the 1950s.

Name Years of Pastorship Present Assignment
Rev. Fr. Camilo Feys, CICM † 1958 to 1969
Rev. Fr. Mark Lesage, CICM 1969 to 1999 Retired
Rev. Msgr. Allen Aganon, PC, MA 1999 to 2004 Pastoral Director for Theologians, San Carlos Seminary, Makati City
Rev. Msgr. Albert Venus, PC 2004 to 2011 Parish Priest of St. James Parish Church, Ayala Alabang
Rev. Msgr. Mario Josefino Martinez, PC, JCD 2011–present

Saint Ezekiel Moreno,used to be the parish priest of the church during his Philippine mission.

Significant Church Properties[edit]

  • The local parish houses the world renowned Bamboo Organ.
  • A statue of its first parish priest, Fray Diego Cera de la Virgen del Carmen, can be found a few meters in front of its belfry. The statue was a commissioned work of National Artist for Sculpture, Napoleon Abueva. It was inaugurated on July 27, 1995, coinciding with the church's 200th founding anniversary.[9]
  • An inscription in an old church bell of Las Piñas Church stating - "Siendo Cura-del Pueblo de Las Peñas el M.R.P. Padre Diego Cera se Fundio este equilon ano de 1820". During the time of Fr. Diego Cera, the name of the town was "Las Peñas" until it was changed to "Las Piñas". [10]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "The Builder". The International Bamboo Organ Festival. Retrieved on 2011-01-28.
  2. ^ "New Clergy Assignments, July 1, 2011". Official Website of the Diocese of Parañaque. Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
  3. ^ a b "Bamboo Organ". Bambooman.com. Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
  4. ^ a b c d e Endangered: Fil-Hispanic Architecture. Instituto Cervantes. 2005. 
  5. ^ "History of St. Joseph's Academy". Official Website SJA. Retrieved on 2011-11-06.
  6. ^ "Simbahan ng Las Piñas". National Registry of Historic Sites and Structures of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2013-04-29.
  7. ^ Historical Markers: Metropolitan Manila. National Historical Institute. 1993. 
  8. ^ http://nhcp.gov.ph/files/NHCP_res_8_2013.pdf
  9. ^ http://writing.wikinut.com/The-37th-Bamboo-Organ-Festival/2vu19o7y/
  10. ^ "Las Piñas City". Visit My Philippines. Retrieved on 2014-12-20.

Coordinates: 14°28′52.2″N 120°58′53.6″E / 14.481167°N 120.981556°E / 14.481167; 120.981556