Las Vegas, New Mexico
|Las Vegas, New Mexico|
|— City —|
|• Total||7.5 sq mi (19.5 km2)|
|• Land||7.5 sq mi (19.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||6,424 ft (1,958 m)|
|• Density||1,938.2/sq mi (748.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|ZIP codes||87701, 87745|
|GNIS feature ID||0915788|
Las Vegas is a city and county seat of San Miguel County, New Mexico, United States. Once two separate municipalities (one a city and the other a town) both named Las Vegas, west Las Vegas ("Old Town") and east Las Vegas ("New Town"), separated by the Gallinas River, retain distinct characters and separate, rival school districts. The population was 14,565 at the 2000 census.
Las Vegas was established in 1835 after a group of settlers received a land grant from the Mexican government. The town was laid out in the traditional Spanish Colonial style, with a central plaza surrounded by buildings which could serve as fortifications in case of attack. Las Vegas soon prospered as a stop on the Santa Fe Trail. During the Mexican-American War in 1846, Stephen W. Kearny delivered an address at the Plaza of Las Vegas claiming New Mexico for the United States. In 1877 Las Vegas College, the precursor to Regis University, was founded in Las Vegas by a group of exiled Italian Jesuits. In 1887, Las Vegas College moved to Denver whereupon the name was changed.
When the railroad arrived in 1880, it set up shop one mile (1.6 km) east of the Plaza, creating a separate, rival New Town (as occurred elsewhere in the Old West; Albuquerque suffered the same fate, for instance). During the railroad era Las Vegas boomed, quickly becoming one of the largest cities in the American southwest. Turn-of-the-century Las Vegas featured all the modern amenities, including an electric street railway, the "Duncan Opera House" at the northeast corner of 6th Street and Douglas Avenue, a Carnegie library, a major Harvey House hotel, and the New Mexico Normal School (now New Mexico Highlands University). Since the decline of the railroad began in the 1950s, the city's population has remained relatively constant. Although the two towns have been combined, separate school districts remain (Las Vegas City Schools and West Las Vegas School District).
The arrival of the railroad on July 4, 1879 brought with it businesses and people, both respectable and dubious. Murderers, robbers, thieves, gamblers, gunmen, swindlers, vagrants, and tramps poured in, transforming the eastern side of the settlement into a virtually lawless brawl. Among the notorious characters were such legends of the Old West as: dentist Doc Holliday and his girlfriend Big Nose Kate, Jesse James, Billy the Kid, Wyatt Earp, Mysterious Dave Mather, Hoodoo Brown, and Handsome Harry the Dancehall Rustler.
|Climate data for Las Vegas, New Mexico. (Elevation 6,450ft)|
|Record high °F (°C)||72
|Average high °F (°C)||45.6
|Average low °F (°C)||18.4
|Record low °F (°C)||−26
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.32
|Snowfall inches (cm)||6.4
|Source: The Western Regional Climate Center|
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,565 people, 5,588 households, and 3,559 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,938.2 people per square mile (748.8/km²). There were 6,366 housing units at an average density of 847.1 per square mile (327.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 54.21% White, 0.99% African American, 1.96% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 37.19% from other races, and 4.95% from two or more races. Hispanic of any race were 82.94% of the population.
There were 5,588 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,214, and the median income for a family was $29,797. Males had a median income of $26,319 versus $21,731 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,619 as compared to $21,587 nationally as noted in the 2000 Census. About 24.3% of families and 27.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.7% of those under age 18 and 20.1% of those age 65 or over.
Libraries and museums 
The New Mexico Highlands University is home to the Thomas C. Donnelly Library. It supports the teaching, research and community activities of New Mexico Highlands University. It acquires, organizes, preserves and provides access to pertinent information and scholarly materials for curricular needs, intellectual pursuits and personal enrichment of its clientele. It promotes programs and services that emphasize the diversity of the university’s multicultural community and heritage. An addition increased the square footage from 23,700 to 53,500 and now holds a book collection of almost 200,000 volumes.
Las Vegas' Carnegie Library, established in 1904, is the only surviving Carnegie Library in New Mexico. Built from a $10,000 donation from philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, its Neo-Classical Revival architecture resembles Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. The library sits in the middle of a park that occupies an entire city block, bordered by Victorian-style homes and buildings.
The City of Las Vegas Museum & Rough Rider Memorial on Grand Avenue, dedicated in 1940, was first established by the decision of Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders regiment (the first Volunteer Cavalry Regiment of the Spanish-American War), who named Las Vegas their official reunion home. Their first reunion was held in Las Vegas, June 1899.
The museum, free and open to the public, houses a memorial collection of artifacts, archives and photographs from the Rough Riders and mementos in relation to the 1898 Cuban Campaign of the Spanish-American War, with information on over 200 members of the original regiment, RRR Association documents, etc. The museum illuminates the history of Las Vegas, its connection to the Rough Riders, the Santa Fe Trail and the development of New Mexico. It features collections of local Native American pottery, household items, costumes, ranching and farming equipment, agricultural and mercantile operations, and home life.
Las Vegas is home to a very large number of historic structures (mostly railroad-era houses and commercial buildings), with over 900 listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Although many buildings are in varying states of deterioration, others have been restored or are awaiting restoration. Some of the city's notable buildings include:
- Dr. H.J. Mueller House, 1881 example of Victorian eclecticism with unusual octagonal tower
- Plaza Hotel, 1881, site of the first reunion of Teddy Roosevelt's Rough Riders in 1899
- Old City Hall, New Mexico's first municipal building, completed in 1892
- Louis Fort House, Queen Anne house on Carnegie Park, built in 1895
- Masonic Temple, Richardsonian Romanesque building erected in 1895
- La Castaneda Hotel, mission-style Harvey House built in 1898
- Carnegie Library, built in 1903 at the center of Carnegie Park and modeled after Monticello
Public Schools 
The City of Las Vegas is served by two public school districts.
- Las Vegas City Schools - Serves the East side of Las Vegas.
- West Las Vegas School District - Serves the West side of Las Vegas.
The City of Las Vegas has two major high schools:
Las Vegas is the home of New Mexico Highlands University and Luna Community College. The United World College in nearby Montezuma, New Mexico is a two-year international high school and one of the venues used by the International Baccalaureate Program for teacher training in the United States.
- Las Vegas Municipal Airport Single engine, small commercial jets, and helicopters.
Movies filmed in and around Las Vegas:
- Many silent Western films were made in and around Las Vegas, especially in the years 1913-1915, including a number that starred Tom Mix.
- The 1962-1963 NBC television western series Empire and its second-season version entitled Redigo were filmed in Santa Fe and near Storrie Lake in Las Vegas.
- In the 1969 movie Easy Rider, Las Vegas, New Mexico, is the town where the two bikers ride behind a parade, are arrested for "parading without a permit," and meet Jack Nicholson's character in jail. The name of the town can be viewed in the background in one scene during this part of the movie.
- The town was the filming location for parts of the 1978 movie Convoy, a film about truck drivers inspired by the 1975 song of the same name.
- Parts of the 1982 made-for-TV film The Ballad of Gregorio Cortez were filmed in and around Las Vegas.
- Las Vegas stood in for the fictional Calumet, Colorado in John Milius' 1984 film Red Dawn. As of 2005, many of the buildings and structures seen in the film remain.
- Parts of the 1994 movie Speechless, with Geena Davis and Michael Keaton, about a fictional New Mexico senatorial campaign, were filmed in Las Vegas.
- Most of the 1994 movie Wyatt Earp, with Kevin Costner was filmed in Las Vegas, though it was set in Kansas.
- Several scenes in the 1998 film John Carpenter's Vampires were filmed on the plaza.
- The Hi-Lo Country and All the Pretty Horses, released in 1998 and 2000 respectively, were almost entirely shot here.
- In the 2001 documentary Freedom Downtime, a cross-country road trip to Las Vegas, Nevada ends up in Las Vegas, New Mexico, by mistake.
- The 2003 film Blind Horizon
- In 2006, the film Fanboys used Las Vegas as one of its film locations. The film is about a dying Star Wars fan and was released in 2009.
- Portions of the 2006 movie The Astronaut Farmer were filmed here.
- The 2007 film Wild Hogs starring John Travolta included scenes filmed around Las Vegas.
- Most of the 2007 Coen brothers' No Country for Old Men was filmed here.
- The 2008 film Beer for My Horses starring Toby Keith and Rodney Carrington was filmed in and around Las Vegas.
- The 2009 thriller Not Forgotten was shot in Las Vegas for incentives reasons.
- The 2010 film Due Date starring Robert Downey Jr. and Zach Galifinakis was partly filmed in Las Vegas, and was used as a fake border crossing into Mexico.
- Scenes for the 2011 film Paul starring Simon Pegg and Nick Frost with Kristen Wiig, Jason Bateman, Bill Hader, Seth Rogan, Joe Lo Truglio and Sigourney Weaver, were filmed in and around Las Vegas.
Notable people 
- Margaret Larkin (1899–1967), an American writer and musician, was born in Las Vegas
- Patrick Swayze (1952–2009), an American actor, dancer and singer-songwriter, had a ranch in Las Vegas.
- Eddie Guerrero (1967–2005), Professional wrestler for WWE, wrestled for New Mexico Highlands University.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Regis University". College Profiles. 1991-07-01. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- "New Mexico Legends - Las Vegas - As Wicked as Dodge City". Legends of America. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- "LAS VEGAS, NEW MEXICO - The Outlaw and a Politician". Edge.net. 1974-08-22. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- [dead link]
- "City of Las Vegas Museum & Rough Rider Memorial Collection". Lasvegasmuseum.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- Santa Fe New Mexican, May 28, 2006, Page 33
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Las Vegas, New Mexico|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Las Vegas.|
- City website
- Chamber of Commerce
- Las Vegas/San Miguel Economic Development Corporation
- City of Las Vegas/San Miguel County Tourism Site
- Las Vegas (New Mexico) travel guide from Wikivoyage