Laser (debit card)

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Laser was a debit card scheme in Ireland. The Laser scheme was maintained and operated by Laser Card Services Ltd., a not-for-profit[1] body owned by four leading financial institutions in Ireland[2] and overseen since 2008 by the Oversight Unit of the Central Bank.[3] The scheme was launched in 1996 and in 2010 there were almost 3 million Laser Cards in circulation.[4] 195 million transactions worth almost €11.2 billion were carried out on those cards in 2009.[5] From 2007,[6] the financial institutions which had issued Laser Cards began to replace them with Visa or MasterCard debit cards. Laser cards were withdrawn from the market on February 28 2014.

Use[edit]

Laser was primarily an electronic point of sale debit card, but could also be used by telephone and internet, at ATMs and to pay regular bills by direct debit.

When purchasing goods or services with a Laser Card up to €100 Cashback could be given to cardholders and this value was simply added to the purchase price. Some retailers set a lower maximum Cashback value, depending on what cash was available to them in the till or their own policy.[7] Many Irish businesses that operate online accepted Laser Cards prior to their discontinuation.

From 2005, some Laser Card holders were provided with co-branded Laser/Maestro cards; from 1 January 2008, all Laser cards were co-branded. The co-branded cards were Chip and PIN cards with both Laser and Maestro functions. The Laser facility was for use in the Republic of Ireland only whereas the Maestro facility was, in theory, used both domestically and internationally, but international Maestro payments were quite often rejected. The Maestro facility was not usable internationally online or by telephone. While it was possible for any bank in the Single Euro Payments Area, regardless of location, to join the Laser Card scheme, no interest in joining the scheme was expressed by banks outside Ireland.[8]

Participating financial institutions[edit]

In 2007, Halifax (Ireland) announced that it would be the first bank in the Republic of Ireland to offer a Visa Debit card rather than the Laser debit card (Halifax was never a member of Laser Card Services Limited). In 2008, Ulster Bank dropped the Laser Card in favour of the Visa Debit card. Permanent TSB withdrew Laser Cards and began to replace them with Visa Debit cards in September 2010.[9] In late October 2010, Bank of Ireland announced they were ceasing their involvement in the partnership in 2011.[10] On 9 February 2011, EBS Building Society said that it would issue MasterCard debit cards instead of Laser from the second half of 2011.[11] In July 2011, AIB announced that it will cease issuing Laser Cards from 2011,[12] leaving National Irish Bank as the final issuer in the Laser Card system, leading to speculation that the scheme will close in 2012.[13]

It was reported that Banks were turning away from Laser because of some difficulties encountered by consumers in making online purchases.[14] However, customers began to complain almost immediately about numerous difficulties caused by the premature withdrawal of Laser cards.[15] Some retailers who were able to give cashback on Laser Cards were unwilling or unable to do so on the replacement cards; permanent tsb issued a second replacement Visa Debit Card to its customers in April 2011 due to the initial replacement chip and some older terminals not being compatible (i.e. refusing Cashback). Other retailers who had been charged a small flat-rate per-transaction fee for Laser transactions found that they were charged a percentage of the value of the transaction for the replacement cards. Organisations such as Betfair which did not charge customers for Laser Card deposits began to charge these customers 1.5% commission on deposits using the replacement Visa Debit Cards.[16] Merchant Services companies do not advertise whether there are any differences in their charges for the two types of debit card.[17] Some customers reported being charged foreign usage fees on Visa debit cards in Northern Ireland, which had not been charged on the old cards.[18]

Website and E-commerce system gateways[edit]

Ogone, ICEPAY, WorldPay, Netbanx.com, Moneybookers.com, CreditCall, DataCash, Realex, TNS and SagePay provided Laser payment gateways.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weston, Charlie (10 February 2011). "Laser admits trouble ahead as EBS latest lender to ditch card". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Laser Card Services Ltd.
  3. ^ http://www.financialregulator.ie/publications/Documents/Payment%20Oversight%20Report.pdf Ireland’s Payment and Securities Settlement Systems Infrastructure
  4. ^ "BoI confirms Laser card switch". The Irish Times. 10 October 2010. 
  5. ^ Laser Card Services Ltd
  6. ^ Bank of Scotland
  7. ^ Laser Card Services Ltd
  8. ^ http://www.financialregulator.ie/publications/Documents/Payment%20Oversight%20Report.pdf Ireland’s Payment and Securities Settlement Systems Infrastructure (page 59)
  9. ^ "Consumers turn to debit cards for transactions". The Irish Independent. 14 October 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  10. ^ Maguire, Adam (29 October 2010). "BoI to replace Laser card with Visa Debit". The Irish Times. Retrieved 29 October 2010.  (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/5tq0MrRlQ)
  11. ^ Weston, Charlie (10 February 2011). "Laser admits trouble ahead as EBS latest lender to ditch card". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  12. ^ "AIB to introduce Visa Debit cards". The Irish Times. 
  13. ^ "Laser admits trouble ahead as EBS latest lender to ditch card". Irish Independent. 10 February 2011. 
  14. ^ Weston, Charlie (10 February 2011). "Laser admits trouble ahead as EBS latest lender to ditch card". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  15. ^ askaboutmoney.com (1) and askaboutmoney.com (2)
  16. ^ Betfair payments help for Ireland
  17. ^ See, e.g., Streamline
  18. ^ White, Dan (1 November 2010). "Beware of those hidden Visa debit card charges". Evening Herald. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 

External links[edit]