Læsø

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Læsø
Højsande læsø.JPG
Højsande, Læsø
Denmark location laeso.svg
Geography
Location Kattegat
Coordinates 57°16′N 11°06′E / 57.267°N 11.100°E / 57.267; 11.100
Area 101 km2 (39 sq mi)
Country
Region North Denmark Region
Municipality Læsø Municipality
Largest city Byrum (pop. 488)
Demographics
Population 1,839 (as of 2013)
Density 16.13 /km2 (41.78 /sq mi)
Additional information
Designated: 2 September 1977

Læsø ("Isle of Hlér") is the largest island in the North Sea bay of Kattegat, and is located 19 kilometres (12 mi) off the northeast coast of the Jutland Peninsula, the Danish mainland. Læsø is also the name of the municipality (Danish, kommune) on that island. The island is a location mentioned in several instances in Norse mythology, including as the dwelling of the sea jötunn Ægir and as a feasting place of the Norse gods, the Æsir.

The Municipality of Læsø[edit]

The municipality is in Region Nordjylland in northern Denmark. The municipality, Denmark's smallest, covers Læsø and neighboring small islands for a total area of 114 square kilometres (44 sq mi), and has a total population of 1,839 as of 1 January 2013.[1][2] The population has been steadily declining, and according to Danmarks statistik (Statistikbanken) was: 2003 inhabitants (year:2008);1993 inh.(2009);1969 inh. (2010);1949 inh. (2011);1897 inh. (2012);1839 inh. (2013). Its mayor is Olav Juul Gaarn Larsen, a member of the Venstre (Liberal Party) political party.

The main town and the site of its municipal council is Byrum.

Because Læsø is an island and lies in the Kattegat, its neighboring municipality, Frederikshavn on the Jutland peninsula, is separated by water, the Læsø Rende, from the island municipality.

Ferry service connects Frederikshavn on the Jutland peninsula to the municipality at the town of Vesterø Havn while Østerby Havn is the island's fishing harbour.

Læsø municipality was not merged with other municipalities in the nationwide 2007 Kommunalreformen ("The Municipal Reform" of 2007).

Nature and protections[edit]

Læsø has an outstanding botanical interest. The nature-types on and around Læsø includes open water, extensive mudflats, sand banks, heathland, islets and areas of arable land. It houses Denmarks largest tidal saltmarsh outside the Wadden Sea but the decline in grazing animals, has led to a gradual vegetational succession. Invasive species are colonizing the site, especially Japanese Rose and scrub clearance has been implemented to re-establish the former pastures open heathland. Seals like the Harbor seal, are breeding around Læsø and the whole area is an internationally important area for wintering, molting and staging waterbirds. Therefore a Ramsar protection was put into force in 1977 (number 149) and today it encompass 66,548 ha.[3]

A particular feature of Læsø is its half-timbered houses thatched with seaweed

Climate, industry and wildlife[edit]

Together with Anholt, Læsø belongs to the Danish "desert belt"; during the summer months there is so little rain that streams and ponds partly dry up.

In the Middle Ages, the island was famous for its salt industry. The ground water can reach over 15 percent salt, and this was naturally concentrated in flat salt meadows during the hot dry summers. The final concentration, carried out in hundreds of salt kilns, consumed large amounts of wood. Eventually the island became deforested, sandstorms buried villages, and salt extraction was banned. Since the end of the 1980s it has been resumed on a small scale as an archaeological experiment and a tourist attraction.

Læsø is home to the bee subspecies European dark bee. The species is protected by Danish law which prohibits the import of other species to the island. The law has not been enforced and today normal bees and brown bees are both used for the production of honey. The island has been split in two parts for bee management, one for each species.

Læsø is home to unique styles of Danish traditional music. Most of it is not played any more but has been preserved through intense documentation and research in the 1980s and 1990s.

Etymology[edit]

Modern Danish Læsø is first attested in Old Norse as Hlésey, meaning "Isle of Hlér". According to the Prose Edda book Skáldskaparmál, Hlér is another name for the sea jötunn Ægir who, according to the same book, there held feasts for the gods.[4]

Norse mythology[edit]

In the Poetic Edda poem Hárbarðsljóð, the god Thor comments that it was on Hlésey that he was attacked by and so fought "berserk women" or "brides of berserks" who had bewitched all of the men on the island. Thor details that, upon beaching his ship, the women battered it, threatened him with iron clubs and chased his servant, Þjálfi:

Benjamin Thorpe translation:
She-wolves they were, and scarcely women.
They crushed my ship, which with props I had secured,
with iron clubs threatened me, and drove away Thiâlfi.
What meanwhile didst thou, Harbard?[5]
Henry Adams Bellows translation:
She-wolves they were like, and women little;
My ship, which well I had trimmed, did they shake;
With clubs of iron they threatened, and Thjalfi they drove off.
What, Harbarth, didst thou the while?[6]

These "women" are either personified waves or jötnar. The island is also a setting in the poems Helgakviða Hundingsbana II and Oddrúnargrátr, the saga Örvar-Odds saga, in two skaldic kennings, and the aforementioned (see etymology section above) Prose Edda book Skáldskaparmál.[7]

Notable Residents[edit]

Since 1992 the island has been home to the noted chef Mogens Bay Esbensen.[8] The artist Per Kirkeby owns a house and studio on the island.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Læsø Kommune", Den store Danske. (Danish) Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  2. ^ "Danmarks Statistik." Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  3. ^ The Annotated Ramsar List: Denmark Ramsar, 05.08.2013
  4. ^ McKinnell (2005:110) and Faulkes (1995:59).
  5. ^ Thorpe (1866:76).
  6. ^ Bellows (1923:92).
  7. ^ McKinell (2005:110).
  8. ^ http://stephendownes.com/?p=72

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°16′N 11°06′E / 57.267°N 11.100°E / 57.267; 11.100