Late Period of ancient Egypt

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Dynasties of Ancient Egypt

The Late Period of Ancient Egypt refers to the last flowering of native Egyptian rulers after the Third Intermediate Period from the 26th Saite Dynasty into Persian conquests and ended with the conquest by Alexander the Great. It ran from 664 BC until 332 BC.

It is often regarded as the last gasp of a once great culture, during which the power of Egypt steadily diminished.

26th Dynasty[edit]

The Twenty-Sixth Dynasty, also known as the Saite Period, lasted from 672 BC to 525 BC. Canal construction from the Nile to the Red Sea began.

During this time many Jews came to Egypt, fleeing the destruction of the First Temple in Jerusalem by the Babylonians (586 BCE). Jeremiah and other Jewish refugees arrived in Lower Egypt, notably in Migdol, Tahpanhes and Memphis. Some refugees also settled at Elephantine and other settlements in Upper Egypt (see Jeremiah Chapters 43 and 44). Jeremiah mentions Pharaoh Hophra (otherwise known as Apries) in Jeremiah 44: v. 30 whose reign came to a violent end in 570 BCE.

27th Dynasty[edit]

The First Achaemenid Period (525–404 BCE), this period saw Egypt conquered by an expansive Achaemenid Empire under Cambyses.

28th-30th Dynasties[edit]

The Twenty-Eighth Dynasty consisted of a single king, Amyrtaeus, prince of Sais, who rebelled against the Persians. He left no monuments with his name. This dynasty lasted 6 years, from 404 BC to 398 BC.

The Twenty-Ninth Dynasty ruled from Mendes, for the period from 398 BC to 380 BC.

The Thirtieth Dynasty took their art style from the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty. A series of three pharaohs ruled from 380 BC until their final defeat in 343 BC led to the re-occupation by the Persians.

31st Dynasty[edit]

There was a Second Achaemenid Period of the Thirty-First Dynasty (343–332 BC).

References[edit]

  • Roberto B. Gozzoli: The Writing of History in Ancient Egypt During the First Millennium BC (ca. 1070-180 BC). Trend and Perspectives, London 2006, ISBN 0-9550256-3-X
  • Lloyd, Alan B. 2000. "The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, edited by Ian Shaw". Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. 369-394
  • Quirke, Stephen. 1996 "Who were the Pharaohs?", New York: Dover Publications. 71-74