Later Jin (Five Dynasties)
|Religion||Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion|
|-||936–942||Shi Jingtang (Gaozu)|
|-||942–947||Shi Chonggui (Chudi)|
|Historical era||Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period|
|-||Ended by Liao||947 947|
|Currency||ancient Chinese coinage|
History of the Turkic peoples
|Wei (Dingling) 388–392|
|Turkic Khaganate 552–744|
|Avar Khaganate 564–804|
|Khazar Khaganate 618–1048|
|Great Bulgaria 632–668|
|Kangar union 659–750|
|Turgesh Khaganate 699–766|
|Tatar confederation 8th century–1202|
|Uyghur Khaganate 744–840|
|Karluk Yabgu State 756–940|
|Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212|
|Gansu Uyghur Kingdom 848–1036|
|Kingdom of Qocho 856–1335|
|Oghuz Yabgu State
|Shatuo dynasties 923–979|
|Later Han (Northern Han)|
|Khereid Khanate 10th century–1203|
|Seljuk Empire 1037–1194|
|Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231|
|Sultanate of Rum 1092–1307|
|Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526|
|Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) 1250–1517|
The Later Jìn (simplified Chinese: 后晋; traditional Chinese: 後晉; pinyin: Hòu Jìn, 936–947), also called Shi Jin (石晉), was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China. It was founded by Shi Jingtang, who was posthumously titled "Gaozu".
Founding of the Later Jin
The first Shatuo Turkic dynasty] was founded in 923 by Li Cunxu, son of the great Shatuo chieftain Li Keyong. Called the Later Tang, it extended Shatuo domains from their base in Shanxi to most of North China, and into Sichuan.
After Li Cunxu’s death, his adopted son, Li Siyuan became emperor. However, the Shatuo relationship with the Khitans, which was vital to their rise to power, had soured. Shi Jingtang, the son-in-law of Li Cunxu, rebelled against him, and with the help of the Khitan, declared himself emperor of the Later Jin in 936.
The other major exception was a region known as the Sixteen Prefectures. By this time in history, the Khitan had formed the Liao dynasty out of their steppe base. They had also become a major power broker in North China. They forced the Later Jin to cede the strategic Sixteen Prefectures to the Liao. Consisting of a region about 70 to 100 miles wide and including modern-day Beijing and points westward, it was considered a highly strategic region, and gave the Liao even more influence in North China.
Relations with the Khitan
The Later Jin had often been criticized for being a puppet of the emerging Liao dynasty. The help of their powerful northern neighbors was vital in the formation of the Later Jin and the cession of the Sixteen Prefectures led to their derision as being the servants of the Khitan.
After the death of the founder of the dynasty, Shi Jingtang, his nephew, adopted son and successor Shi Chonggui defied the Liao, resulting in the latter invading in 946 and 947, resulting in the destruction of the Later Jin.
List of emperors
|Temple name||Posthumous name||Personal name||Period of reign||Chinese era name and dates|
|the Five Dynasties|
|Convention: name of dynasty + temple name or posthumous name|
|Hou (Later) Jin Dynasty 936–947|
|高祖 Gāozǔ||Too tedious, thus not used when referring to this sovereign||石敬瑭 Shí Jìngtáng||936–942||Tiānfú (天福) 936–942|
|Did not exist||出帝 Chūdì||石重貴 Shí Chóngguì||942–947||Tiānfú (天福) 942–944
Kāiyùn (開運) 944–947
- Lorge, Peter Allan (2012). Chinese Martial Arts: From Antiquity to the Twenty-First Century. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS. p. 115.
- Gumilev, Lev Nikolaevich. Searches for an Imaginary Kingdom: The Legend of the Kingdom of Prester John. Cambridge University Press 1987. p. 78.
- Mote, Frederick W (2003). Imperial China 900-1800. pp. 12–13.