Later Jin Dynasty
Note that there are four periods of Chinese history using the name "Jin" (see Jin Dynasty (disambiguation).)
|Religion||Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion|
|Historical era||Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period|
|-||Ended by Liao||947 947|
|Currency||Chinese cash, Chinese coin, copper coins etc.|
History of the Turkic peoples
|Turkic Khaganate 552–744|
|Khazar Khaganate 618–1048|
|Turgesh Khaganate 699–766|
|Uyghur Khaganate 744–840|
|Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212|
|Oghuz Yabgu State
|Shatuo Dynasties 923–979|
|Later Tang Dynasty|
|Later Jin Dynasty|
|Later Han Dynasty (Northern Han)|
|Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186|
|Seljuq Empire 1037–1194|
|Khwarezmian Empire 1077–1231|
|Seljuq Sultanate of Rum 1092–1307|
|Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526|
|Cairo Sultanate 1250–1517|
The Later Jìn (Simplified Chinese: 后晋; Traditional Chinese: 後晉; Pinyin: Hòu Jìn) (936-947) was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. It was founded by Shi Jingtang, posthumously known as Gaozu of Later Jin.
Founding of the Later Jin
The first of the Shatuo Turk dynasties was founded in 923 by Li Cunxu, the son of the great Shatuo Turk chieftain Li Keyong. Called the Later Tang Dynasty, it extended Shatuo Turk domains from their base in Shanxi to most of northern China, and into Sichuan. After Li Cunxu’s death, his adopted son, Li Siyuan became emperor. However, the relationship with the Khitan, which was vital to the rise of the Shatuo Turks to power, had soured.
The Later Jin Dynasty held essentially the same territories as the Later Tang Dynasty, except for Sichuan in the southwest, which was lost by Later Tang in its waning years (as the region became independent as Later Shu).
The other major exception was a region known as the Sixteen Prefectures. By this time in history, the Khitan had formed the Liao Empire out of their steppe base. They had also become a major power broker in northern China. They forced the Later Jin to cede the strategic “Sixteen Prefectures” to the Liao. Consisting of a region about 70 to 100 miles wide and including modern-day Beijing and points westward, it was considered a highly strategic region, and gave the Liao even more influence in northern China.
Relations with the Khitan
The Later Jin had often been criticized for being a puppet of the emerging Liao empire. The help of their powerful northern neighbors was vital in the formation of the Later Jin Dynasty, and the cession of the Sixteen Prefectures led to their derision as being the servants of the Khitan.
However, after the death of the founder of the dynasty, Shi Jingtang, his adopted son (and nephew) and successor Shi Chonggui defied the Khitan, resulting in the latter invading the territory of the Later Jin in 946 and 947, resulting in the destruction of the Later Jin Dynasty.
Rulers of the Later Jin
|Temple Names (Miao Hao 廟號)||Posthumous Names (Shi Hao 諡號)||Personal Names||Period of Reigns||Era Names (Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years|
|the Five Dynasties|
|Convention: name of dynasty + temple name or posthumous name|
|Hou (Later) Jin Dynasty 936-947|
|高祖 Gāozǔ||Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign||石敬瑭 Shí Jìngtáng||936-942||Tiānfú (天福) 936-942|
|Did not exist||出帝 Chūdì||石重貴 Shí Chóngguì||942-947||Tiānfú (天福) 942-944
Kāiyùn (開運) 944-947