Later Qin

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Later Qin (後秦)




Capital Chang'an
Government Monarchy
 -  384-393 Yao Chang
 -  394-416 Yao Xing
 -  416-417 Yao Hong
 -  Established 384
 -  Yao Chang's claim of imperial title 386
 -  Liu Bobo's rebellion 407
 -  Disestablished 20 September 417[1][2] 417

The Later Qin (simplified Chinese: 后秦; traditional Chinese: 後秦; pinyin: Hòuqín; 384-417), also known as Yao Qin (姚秦), was a state of Qiang ethnicity of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. Note that the Later Qin is entirely distinct from the ancient Qin Dynasty, the Former Qin, and the Western Qin.

Its second ruler Yao Xing supported the Buddhism propagation by the monk Kumarajiva.

All rulers of the Later Qin declared themselves "emperors", but for a substantial part of Yao Xing's reign, he used the title "Heavenly Prince" (Tian Wang).

Rulers of the Later Qin[edit]

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family and given names
Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ) Wuzhao (武昭 Wǔzhāo) Yáo Cháng (姚萇) 384-393 Baique (白雀 Báiquè) 384-386
Jianchu (建初 Jiànchū) 386-393
Gaozu (高祖 Gāozǔ) Wenhuan (文桓 Wénhuán) Yáo Xīng (姚興) 394-416 Huangchu (皇初 Huángchū) 394-399
Hongshi (弘始 Hóngshǐ) 399-416
Did not exist Hòuzhǔ (後主 Hòuzhǔ) Yáo Hóng (姚泓) 416-417 Yonghe (永和 Yǒnghé) 416-417

Rulers family tree[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]