Lateral condyle of femur

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Lateral condyle of femur
Gray246.png
Lower extremity of right femur viewed from below.
Gray348.png
Left knee-joint from behind, showing interior ligaments.
Latin Condylus lateralis femoris
Gray's p.247
Anatomical terms of bone

The lateral condyle is one of the two projections on the lower extremity of femur. It is the more prominent and is the broader both in its antero-posterior and transverse diameters.

Injuries[edit]

The most common injury to the lateral femoral condyle is an osteochondral fracture combined with a patellar dislocation. The osteochondral fracture occurs on the weight-bearing portion of the lateral condyle. Typically, the condyle will fracture (and the patella may dislocate) as a result of severe impaction from activities such as downhill skiing and parachuting.[1]

Surgery[edit]

Open Reduction & Internal Fixation (ORIF) surgery is typically used to repair an osteochondral fracture. For a Type B1 partial articular fracture of the lateral condyle, interfragmentary lag screws are used to secure the bone back together. Supplementation of buttress screws or a buttress plate is used if the fracture extends to the proximal metaphysis or distal diaphysis.[2]

Additional images[edit]

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

References: