Latimer shown within Buckinghamshire
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Chesham & Amersham|
Latimer is a village and civil parish that sits on the border between Buckinghamshire and Hertfordshire, in England. The parish forms part of the Buckinghamshire district of Chiltern. Latimer parish includes the villages of Latimer, Ley Hill and Tyler's Hill.
Latimer was originally joined with the adjacent village of Chenies. Both were anciently called Isenhampstead, at a time when there was a royal palace in the vicinity. However in the reign of King Edward III of England the lands were split between two manorial barons: Thomas Cheyne in the village that later became called 'Chenies', and William Latimer in this village. Latimer came into possession of the manor in 1326.
At the time of the English Civil War Latimer belonged to the Earl of Devonshire. When Charles I was captured by the Parliamentarian forces he was brought to Latimer on his way to London. The small village includes 17th and 18th century cottages around a triangular village green with a pump on it. The church of St Mary Magdelane was rebuilt by Sir George Gilbert Scott in 1867. The rectory was built in the 18th century in grey and red brick.
Ley Hill is part of Latimer parish and includes a Common, the Crown pub, the Swan pub and a Methodist Chapel. Tyler's Hill is also in Latimer parish and includes St George's Anglican Church. The graveyard at Tyler's Hill which serves Ley Hill and Tyler's Hill is run by Latimer parish council.
The nearest railway station to Latimer is Chalfont and Latimer situated in the nearby town of Little Chalfont which is on the Chiltern Line between Aylesbury and London Marylebone with London Underground services between Baker Street and Amersham. See Chalfont & Latimer station.
Latimer was the location used in the Department S episode, "The Pied Piper of Hambledown." The episode first aired: Sept/30/1969
Latimer House, a mansion on the hill on the edge of the village, was once a home of members of the Cavendish family who became the barons Chesham. The Third Baron Chesham was a commander in the Boer War. The original Elizabethan house where Charles I was imprisoned in 1647 and Charles II took refuge before fleeing abroad was gutted by fire in the 1830s and the present red brick Tudor style mansion was built in 1863. It was visited by Gladstone and Disraeli and was the home of the British military's Joint Service Defence College during the twentieth century. During World War II, it was one of three stately homes where captured German U-boat submarine crews and Luftwaffe pilots were initially held before being transferred to conventional POW camps. It is now a conference centre and conference facilities and accommodation buildings have been constructed in the grounds.
Media related to Latimer, Buckinghamshire at Wikimedia Commons