Latin American Parliament

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Latin American Parliament
Parlamento Latinoamericano
Parlamento Latino-americano
Coat of arms or logo
Parlatino logo
Logo
Parlatino flag
Type
Type Unicameral
History
Founded December 10, 1964 (1964-12-10)
Leadership
President of the Latin American Parliament Elías Castillo, PRD
Since 30 November 2012
Alternate President of the Latin American Parliament Fernando Cordero Cueva, PAIS Alliance
Since 30 November 2012
General-Secretary of the Latin American Parliament Blanca Alcalá, PRI
Since 30 November 2012
Alternate General-Secretary of the Latin American Parliament Leonardo Cabezas, PCC
Since 30 November 2012
Committees Secretary of the Latin American Parliament Daisy Tourné, Socialist Party of Uruguay
Since 30 November 2012
Inter-Parliamentary Relations Secretary of the Latin American Parliament Walter Gavidia, PSUV
Since 30 November 2012
Structure
Seats 276
committees
Meeting place
Latin American Parliament building, Amador, Panama City,  Panama
Website
parlatino.org

The Latin American Parliament (Parlatino), is a regional, permanent organization composed by the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. It is a consultative assembly similar to the early European Parliament.[1] Currently the institution is being considered to become the legislative organ of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.[2]

Origins, mandate, principles and purpose[edit]

The Latin American Parliament (Parlatino) was created in 1964. Its current mandate is derived from the Treaty of Institutionalization which was ratified on 16 November 1987. Situated in Panama City, Panama,[3] the Parlatino has 23 member parliaments, each of which sends to it 12 nominated plenipotentiaries. The plenipotentiaries must represent the views of their parent parliament, and take into consideration the principles of the Parliament which include the defence of democracy and the further intergeneration of Latin America. The purposes of the Parlatino are:[1]

  • To promote, human rights, and economic and social development;
  • To maintain and foster relations with other geographic parliaments (such as the European Parliament, as well as international organisations);
  • To promote self-determination and defence against imperialism and colonialism.

Institutions[edit]

The main institutions of the Parlatino are:[1]

  • The unicamerale Plenary Assembly which meets annually;
  • The Board of Directors of the Plenary Assembly which is chaired by the President of the Assembly and oversees the work of the Parlatino between the Assembly's sessions.
  • In 2009 there were thirteen permanent committees:[1]
    • Cattle-raising and fisheries;
    • Citizen safety, combat and prevention of narcotraffic, terrorism and organized crime;
    • Economic affairs, social debt and regional development;
    • Education, culture, science, technology and communication;
    • Energy and mines;
    • Environment and tourism;
    • Gender equity, childhood and youth;
    • Health;
    • Human rights, justice and prison policies;
    • Indigenous peoples and ethnic groups;
    • Labour, social security and legal affairs;
    • Political, municipal and integration affairs;
    • Utilities and defence of users and consumers.

Members[edit]

Member countries of the Latin American Parliament

In 2013, the following countries are members of the Latin American Parliament:[4]

Elections[edit]

In the 2010 Venezuelan parliamentary elections 12 members of the Latin American Parliament were elected.[5][clarification needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Evans & Silk 2009, p. 350.
  2. ^ acn 2011, Havana Hosts Meeting ....
  3. ^ Parlatino, Cómo llegar al Parlamento Latinoamericano, Parlatino 
  4. ^ Informaciones de los Países Miembros Parlatino.org (Spanish)
  5. ^ Pearson 2010.

References[edit]

External links[edit]