Latin names of countries

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Latin Place Names
by country
Africa
Asia
Europe
by type
Cities
Countries
Islands
Lakes
Mountains
Regions
Rivers

This list includes the Roman names of countries, or significant regions, known to the Roman Empire.

Latin Name Current Name
Achaea[1] Greece
Africa[2] Tunisia
Aegyptus[3] Egypt
Albania Georgia, Azerbaijan
Anatolia[4] Turkey (East)
Arabia[3] Arabian peninsula
Ariana Afghanistan, Iran (East) and Central Asia (West)
Armenia Armenia
Armorica[5] Brittany
Asia Turkey (West)
Baetica[6] Andalusia
Batavia Part of the Netherlands
Belgae[3] Belgium and the Netherlands
Bithynia Turkey (North West)
Bohemia Bohemia
Borussia Prussia
Britannia[3] Britain
Caledonia[3] Scotland
Cambria Wales
Cilicia Turkey (South East)
Colchis Georgia (Western)
Cornubia Cornwall
Creta[3] Crete
Cyprus Cyprus
Cyrenaica Libya (East)
Dacia Romania, Moldova
Dalmatia[7] Montenegro
Dania Denmark
Dalmatia Croatia South, Bosnia and Herzegovina West and South
D(i)ocle(ti)a Montenegro
Epirus Epirus: composed of the Albanian South and Greek Epirus
Finnia Finland
Foenicia or Phoenicia Lebanon
Galatia Turkey (Central)
Gallaecia Galicia and Portugal north
Gallia[3] France
Germania[8] Germany
Graecia[3] Greece
Helvetia[9] Switzerland
Hibernia[10] Ireland
Hispania[3] Spain
Hungaria Hungary
Iberia[3] Iberian peninsula
Iberia Georgia (Eastern)
India India and the Indian subcontinent
Islandia Iceland
Illyria, Illyricum Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina South, Serbia South West, Montenegro, Albania North West
Italia[3] Mainland Italy
Iudaea[3] Judea
Lappia Lapland
Lechia, Polonia Poland
Libani Lebanon
Libya Eastern Libya, Western Egypt
Lituania Lithuania
Livonia Estonia and Latvia
Lusitania Portugal central and south
Macedonia Macedon: composed of the Republic of Macedonia and Greek Macedonia
Mauretania Morocco North, Algeria North West
Melitae, Melitensium, Melitensis Malta
Moesia Bulgaria, Serbia
Moravia Moravia
Noricum mainly Austria South and Slovenia North
Norvegia Norway
Numidia Algeria North East
Palaestina Israel, Palestine
Pannonia Hungary, Croatia North, Slovenia North East
Parthia[3] Iran
Phoenicia Lebanon
Polonia, Lechia Poland
Pontus Turkey North East
Raetia Switzerland North
Ruthenia Russia, Ukraine, Belarus
Sarmatia Eastern Europe: Poland, Ukraine, Russia
Scandinavia Scandinavian peninsula
Scotia Scotland
Seres, Sinae China
Sicilia[3] Sicily
Silesia Silesia
Suecia Sweden
Syria Syria
Scythia Ukraine
Scythia Minor Dobruja
Taprobane Sri Lanka
Tarraconensis Spain North East
Thracia Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey
Tingitania Morocco
Tripolitana Libya

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bunson, M. (1995) A Dictionary of the Roman Empire p.1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-510233-9. Retrieved November 2011
  2. ^ Raven, S. (1993) Rome in Africa p.xxvi. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-08150-5. Retrieved November 2011
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Heimbach, E. (2010) A Roman Map Workbook p.26. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. ISBN 0-86516-726-5 Retrieved November 2011
  4. ^ Stafford-Deitsch, J. & Freely, J. (2010) Kingdoms of Ruin: The Art and Architectural Splendours of Ancient Turkey p.vii. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1-84511-799-9. Retrieved November 2011
  5. ^ Bunson, M. (1995) p.172.
  6. ^ Bunson, M. (2002) Encyclopedia of the Roman empire p.62. Infobase Publishing ISBN 0-8160-4562-3 Retrieved November 2011
  7. ^ Longley, N. (2009) The Rough Guide to Montenegro p.163. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. ISBN 1-85828-771-5. Retrieved November 2011
  8. ^ Bunson, M. (1995) p.424.
  9. ^ Burgan, M. (2009) Empire of Ancient Rome p.141. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 1-60413-159-4. Retrieved November 2011
  10. ^ Bunson, M. (1995) p.206.

External links[edit]