Latin names of islands

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Latin Place Names
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The Ancient Romans gave Latin names to every geographical entity in their vast empire, and many outside throughout the then known world; while many of these names were based on pre-existing 'autochthonous' names, sometimes translating, more often just adapting to their tongue, especially the ending, other names were the result of a more invasive decision, especially in case of (re)founding for a colony of veterans.

Users of Neo-Latin have taken the Latin language to places the Romans never went; hence a need arose to make Latin names of islands that were not known to the Ancient Romans.

Strategies for constructing Latin names[edit]

See Latin names of cities#Strategies for constructing Latin names

List of names[edit]

Latin [English], [other name], [older name], [island chain/region], [state/nation]
Aegina Aegina, Greece (Aigina)
Insulis Aeolium? Aeolian Islands
Amorgos Amorgos, Aegean Sea, Greece
Andros Andros
Anticosti Ile d'Anticosti, Quebec
Antikythera Antikythera, Kythera, Greece
Antipoda Antipodes
Astypalaea Astypalaia, Cyclades, Greece
Insula Australis? South Island, New Zealand
Baleares (Roman name as a province) - ?Balearica Balearic Islands
Insula Borealis? North Island, New Zealand
Britannia Great Britain
Caesarea Jersey
Calymnus Kalymnos, Dodecanese, Aegean Sea, Greece
Canaris Insula Canary Islands
Carpathus Carpathos, Dodecanese, Greece
Cassos Cassos, Dodecanese, Greece
Cauda? Cauda (Gauda/Gaf(v)da), Greece
Ceos, Keos Ceos, Cyclades, Aegean Sea, Greece
Cephallenia Kefallinia, Cephallonia
Corcyra Corfu, Ionian, Greece (Kerkyra)
Corsica Corsica
Cos Kos, Dodecanese, Aegean Sea, Greece
Creta Crete (Kriti/Krete)
Cuba Cuba
Cyclades Ins. Cyclades
Cyprus Cyprus (Kypros)
Cynthos Cynthos, Cyclades, Aegean Sea, Greece
Cythera Cythera, Kythera, Greece
Delos Delos, Cyclades, Aegean Sea, Greece
Dodecanesus Dodecanese, Greece
Dominica Dominica
Ebusus Ibiza
Euboea Euboea, Greece
Fionia Funen, Denmark
Gaulos Gozo, Maltese archipelago
Gyara Gyaros, Greece Cyclades
Helena, former name of Macronesus Makronisos (Macro-nesus 'big island')
Hibernia Ireland
Icaria Icaria
Ictis St Michael's Mount
Imbros Imbros Island
Ionia Ins. Ionian Islands
Ithaca Ithaca
Lemnos Lemnos
Leros Leros, Aegean Sea, Greece
Lesbos Lesbos
Melite Malta
Mona Anglesey
Myconos Myconos
Nova Britannia Occidentalis West New Britain, a province on part of New Britain island belonging to Papua New Guinea
Nova Caledonia New Caledonia
Nova Hibernia New Ireland, Papua New Guinea
Nova Terra Newfoundland
Ophiussa Formentera
Orcadia Orkney Islands, Scotland
Osilia Saaremaa, Estonia
Paros Paros, Cyclades, Aegean Sea, Greece
Insula Princeps Eduardus Prince Edward Island
Reg. Elis. Queen Elizabeth Islands, Nunavut
Reg. Carlt.? Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia
Rho Ro, E of Rhodes, Greece
Rhodus Rhodes, Dodecanese, Aegean Sea, Greece
Riduna Alderney
Salamis Salamis, Greece
Sapientia Sapienza, south of Methone, Greece
Sardinia Sardinia
Sarnia Guernsey
Schiza Schiza, south of Methone, Greece
Scyrus Scyros, Aegean Sea, Greece
Seriphos Serifos, Aegean Sea, Greece
Sicilia Sicily
Siphnos Siphnos, Aegean Sea, Greece
Skopelos, Sc?opelos Skopelos, Sporades, Greece
Strophades Strophades, S of Zante, Greece
Syros Syros
Taprobane Sri Lanka, Ceylon, Indian Ocean
Thasos Thasos, Aegean Sea, Greece
Vectis Isle of Wight
Zelandia 1) Zealand (Denmark), 2) Zeeland (Netherlands)
Zycanthus, Zacynthus Zante (Zakynthos), Ionian, Greece

See also[edit]

Sources, references and external links[edit]