Latinisation (USSR)

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A Kazakh language newspaper in Latin script from 1937. Published in Alma-Ata, Kazakh SSR, USSR

In the USSR, latinisation (Russian: латиниза́ция — latinizatsiya) was the name of the campaign during the 1920s-1930s which aimed to replace traditional writing systems for numerous languages with systems that would use the Latin script or to create Latin-script based systems for languages that did not have a writing system. Almost all Turkic, Iranian, Uralic and several other languages were romanized, totaling nearly 50 of the 72 written languages in the USSR. There also existed plans to romanize Russian and other Slavonic languages as well, but in the late 1930s the latinisation campaign was canceled and all newly romanized languages were converted to Cyrillic.

The following languages were romanised or new alphabets were invented for them:

  1. Abaza language
  2. Abkhaz alphabet
  3. Adyghe language
  4. Altai language
  5. Assyrian language
  6. Avar language
  7. Azerbaijani alphabet
  8. Baluchi language
  9. Bashkir language
  10. Bukhori language
  11. Buryat language
  12. Chechen language
  13. Chinese language
  14. Chukchi language
  15. Crimean Tatar alphabet
  16. Dargin language
  17. Dungan language
  18. Eskimo language
  19. Even language
  20. Evenk language
  21. Ingrian language
  22. Ingush language
  23. Itelmen language
  24. Kabardian language
  25. Kalmyk language
  26. Karachay-Balkar language
  27. Karakalpak language
  28. Karelian language
  29. Kazakh alphabet
  30. Ket language
  31. Khakas language
  32. Khanty language
  33. Komi language
  34. Koryak language
  35. Krymchak language
  36. Kumandin language
  37. Kumyk language
  38. Kurdish alphabet
  39. Kyrgyz alphabet
  40. Lak language
  41. Laz language
  42. Lezgin alphabet
  43. Mansi language
  44. Moldovan alphabet
  45. Nanai language
  46. Nenets languages
  47. Nivkh language
  48. Nogai language
  49. Ossetic language
  50. Persian alphabet
  51. Sami language
  52. Selkup language
  53. Shor language
  54. Shughni language
  55. Tabasaran language
  56. Tajik alphabet
  57. Talysh language
  58. Tat language
  59. Tatar language
  60. Tsakhur language
  61. Turkmen alphabet
  62. Udege language
  63. Udi language
  64. Uyghur language
  65. Uzbek language
  66. Vepsian language

Projects were created and approved for the following languages:

  1. Aleut language
  2. Arabic language
  3. Korean language
  4. Russian language
  5. Udmurt language
  6. Ukrainian language

See also[edit]