Lato

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For other uses, see Lato (disambiguation).
Lato
Λατώ
Lato - Agora.jpg
The agora of Lato
Lato is located in Greece
Lato
Magnify-clip.png
Shown within Greece
Location Kritsa, Crete, Greece
Coordinates 35°10′40″N 25°39′13″E / 35.17778°N 25.65361°E / 35.17778; 25.65361Coordinates: 35°10′40″N 25°39′13″E / 35.17778°N 25.65361°E / 35.17778; 25.65361
Type Settlement
History
Abandoned Approximately 200 BC
Periods Archaic Greece to Hellenistic Greece
Site notes
Management 24th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities
Website Lato

Lato (Ancient Greek: Λατώ)[1] was an ancient city of Crete, the ruins of which are located approximately 3 km from the small town of Kritsa.

History[edit]

The Great Temple
The eastern chamber of the prytaneion

The Dorian city-state was built in a defensible position overlooking Mirabello Bay between two peaks, both of which became acropolises to the city. Although the city probably predates the arrival of the Dorians, the ruins date mainly from the Dorian period (5th and 4th centuries BCE). The city was destroyed c. 200 BCE, but its port (Lato Etera or Lato pros Kamara), located near Agios Nikolaos was in use during Roman rule. This has led to the confusion, repeated by Stephanus of Byzantium quoting Xenion, a Cretan historian, that Kamara and Lato were one and the same. Modern scholarship distinguishes the two.

There is some suggestion that the city was named after the goddess Leto (of which Lato is the usual Doric form) and may be mentioned in Linear B tablets as RA-TO.[2] Lato also minted coins in antiquity,[3] bearing the likeness of the goddess Eileithyia who appears to have been the one particularly worshipped at Lato.[2]

Nearchus, admiral of Alexander the Great, was born at Lato.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnikon, s.v. Kamara
  2. ^ a b c Greek Ministry of Culture
  3. ^ C.Michael Hogan, Lato Fieldnotes, The Modern Antiquarian, Jan 10, 2008