Lattice tower

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The Eiffel Tower is a famous example of a lattice tower

A lattice tower or truss tower is a freestanding framework tower. They can be used as electricity transmission towers especially for voltages above 100 kilovolts, as a radio tower (a self-radiating tower or as a carrier for aerials) or as an observation tower.

Before 1940, they were used as radio transmission towers especially for short and medium wave, occasionally lattice towers consisting of wood were utilized. The tallest wooden lattice tower was at Mühlacker, Germany. It had a height of 190 metres (620 ft) and was built in 1934 and demolished in 1945. Most wood lattice towers were demolished before 1960. In Germany the last big radio towers consisting of wood were the transmission towers of the Golm transmitter and the transmitter Ismaning. They were demolished in 1979 and 1983 respectively.

The tallest lattice tower is the Kiev TV Tower, with a height of 385 metres (1,263 ft).

Lattice towers are often designed as either a space frame or a hyperboloid structure.

Wooden lattice towers[edit]

Existing towers[edit]

Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle height Remarks
Radio Tower Gliwice 1935 Poland Gliwice 118 m Museum on Radio History and Visual Arts
Radio Tower Rottenbuch 2002 Germany Peiting 62.5 m Tower for directional radio and mobile phone services
Tour du Millénaire 2001 Belgium Gedinne 60 m interesting design
Aalborgtårnet 1933 Denmark Aalborg 54.9 m observation tower
Aerial test facility Brück 1963 Germany Brück 54 m Two towers of different design
Torre de Herveo 1922 Colombia Manizales 52 m former support structure of aerial tramway
Linsentower 2005 Germany Linsengericht 45 m observation tower
Observation Tower Blumenthal 2004 Germany Blumenthal 45 m observation tower
Copenhagen Zoo Tower 1905 Denmark Copenhagen 43.5 observation tower
Goethe Tower 1931 Germany Frankfurt-Sachsenhausen 43 m observation tower
Chuderhüsi Tower 2001 Switzerland Röthenbach 42 m observation tower
Teltschik Tower 2001 Germany Wilhelmsfeld 41 m observation tower
Veitsch Mount of Olives Pilgrims Cross 2004 Austria Veitsch 40.6 m observation tower
Wil Tower 2006 Switzerland Wil 38 m observation tower
Raiffeisen Observation Tower 1990 Germany Aldorf 35 m observation tower
Oberpfalz Tower 2000 Germany Platte 35 m observation tower
Loorenkopf Observation Tower 1954 Switzerland Zurich 33 m observation tower
Eugen-Keidel Tower 1981 Germany Schauinsland mountain 31 m observation tower
Atzelberg Tower 1980 Germany Kelkheim 30.39 m observation tower
Fire observation Tower Rennbeck ? Germany Oer 30 m fire observation tower
Idarkopfturm 1980 Germany Idarkopf 28 m observation tower
Wood Mountain Tower 2004–2005 Germany Wood Mountain 28 m observation tower
Höhbeck Observation Tower 2008 Germany Höhbeck 26 m observation tower
Loth Tower 2003 Switzerland Magglingen 25 m observation tower
Salzkopfturm 1975 Germany Salzkopf 24 m observation tower
Observation Tower Burgstall 2000 Austria Kirchberg/Donau 24 m observation tower
Krawutschke Tower 1972 Germany Burgberg 13 m observation tower

Destroyed towers[edit]

Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle height Date of demolition Remarks
Transmission Tower Mühlacker 1934 Germany Mühlacker 190 m April 6, 1945
Transmitter Berlin-Tegel 1933 Germany Berlin 165 m December 16, 1948
Sendeturm Ismaning 1932 Germany Ismaning 163 m March 16, 1983
Sendeturm Langenberg 1934 Germany Velbert-Langenberg 160 m October 10, 1935 destroyed by a tornado
Sendeturm Wiederau 1935 Germany Wiederau 150 m October 27, 1953
Sendeturm Hamburg-Billstedt 1934 Germany Hamburg 145 m September 1949
Transmitter Żórawina 1932 Germany Żórawina, Poland 140 m Fall 1990
Transmitter Nuremberg-Kleinreuth 1935 Germany Nuremberg 124 m July 12, 1961
Madona Radio Towers 1932 Latvia Madona 116 m 1944
Transmitter Heilsberg 1935 Germany Lidzbark Warmiński, Poland 115 m 1940
Freiburg-Lehen transmitter 1933 Germany Freiburg 107 m April 21, 1945
Heiligenstock transmitter 1934 Germany Frankfurt/Main 107 m March 25th, 1945
Transmitter Koblenz 1934 Germany Koblenz 107 m 1965
Transmitter Trier 1935 Germany Trier 107 m 1948
Transmitter Heilsberg 1930 Germany Lidzbark Warmiński, Poland 102 m 1935 Two towers
Reichenbach transmitter 1937 Germany Reichenbach/Oberlausitz 100 m May 7th, 1945
Golm transmitter 1948 Germany Golm 100 m October 25, 1979
Stettin Radio Tower 1934 Poland Szczecin 93 m 1945
Utbremen Radio Tower 1933 Germany Bremen 90 m 1939 destroyed by lightning
Flensburg Radio Tower 1928 Germany Flensburg 90 m 1957
Pillar of Mittersill goods aerial tramway 194? Austria Mittersill 80 m 195? Aerial tramway support pillar of goods aerial tramway, which never went in service
Bayreuth transmitter, T-antenna 194? Germany Bayreuth 80 m 1954 2 towers in a distance of 70 metres
Augsburg-Hochzoll transmitter 194? Germany Augsburg 80 m 1952 2 towers
Stadelheim Transmitter 1926 Germany Munich-Stadelheim 75 m 1930s Two towers
Chain Home Reception Towers 1939 UK multiple locations 73.15 m 1945-1960
Wood Transmitting Tower Zeesen 1931 Germany Zeesen 70 m 1939
Reception Tower Utlandshörn 1935 Germany Utlandshörn 65 m 1977
Towers of South Wellfleet Marconi Wireless Station 1902 United States South Wellfleet, Massachusetts 64 m 1920 4 towers [1]
Towers of Königsberg Air Traffic Control Centre 1926 Russia Kaliningrad 63 m 1945 Two towers
Palatine Transmitter 1926 Germany Kaiserslautern 60 m 1945 Two towers
Huizen transmitter 1937 Netherlands Huizen 60 m 1940
Holmudden Radar Tower[2] 1948 Sweden Holmudden ? 1958
Wardenclyffe Tower 1899 United States Shoreham 57 m 1917
Wiesbaden Bismarck Tower 1910 Germany Wiesbaden 50 m 1918
Sahlenburg Marine Radio Station 1937 Germany Cuxhaven 50 m 1967/1970 Three towers, two demolished in 1967, third tower demolished in 1970
Stolp transmitter 1938/1939 Poland Dębnica Kaszubska 50 m 1955 7 towers
Jelenia Góra transmitter 1957 Poland Jelenia Góra 47 m 1967
Towers of triangle antenna Langenberg 1935 Germany Velbert-Langenberg 45 m April 12, 1945 Three towers
Kempten-Engelshalde Transmitter 1951 Germany Kempten 40 m 1956 Two towers
Heusweiler Mast 1 1935 Germany Heusweiler 35 m March 17, 1945
Heusweiler Mast 2 1935 Germany Heusweiler 31 m March 17, 1945

Steel lattice towers[edit]

Radio towers with observation decks and observation towers[edit]

Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Tashkent Tower 1985 Uzbekistan Tashkent 374.9 m
Dragon Tower 2000 China Harbin 336 m
Tokyo Tower 1957 Japan Tokyo 333 m
Eiffel Tower 1889 France Paris 324 m
Shijiazhuang TV-tower 1998 China Shijiazhuang 280 m
Qingdao TV Tower 1994 China Quingdao 232 m
Brasilia TV Tower 1967 Brazil Brasilia 218 m
Guangzhou TV Tower 1991 China Guangzhou 217 m
Guangdong TV Tower[citation needed] 1965 China Guangdong 200 m
Nagoya TV Tower 1954 Japan Nagoya 180 m
Odinstårnet 1935 Denmark Odense 175 m destroyed on December 14, 1944
New Brighton Tower 1900 UK Liverpool 172.8 m destroyed
Las Vegas Eiffel Tower ? United States Las Vegas 165 m Replica of Eiffel Tower
Osaka ABC Tower 1966 Japan Osaka 160 m demolished in 2009
Blackpool Tower 1894 United Kingdom Blackpool 158 m
Funkturm Berlin 1926 Germany Berlin 150 m Only observation tower standing on insulators
Sapporo TV Tower 1957 Japan Sapporo 147.2 m
Vasco-da-Gama-Tower 1998 Portugal Lisbon 145 m
Observation tower of la Cité de l'Énergie 1997 Canada Shawinigan, Quebec 115 m
Torre Branca 1933 Italy Milan 108.6 m
Kobe Port Tower 1963 Japan Kobe 108 m
Marine Tower Yokohama 1961 Japan Yokohama 106 m
Tsutenkaku 1956 Japan Osaka 103 m
Hakata Port Tower 1964 Japan Fukuoka 103 m
Beppu Tower 1957 Japan Beppu 100 m
Cholfirst Radio Tower 1973 Switzerland Flurlingen 96 m
Tour métallique de Fourvière 1894 France Lyon 85.9 m Not used as observation tower since 1953
Sunsphere 1982 United States Knoxville 81.07 m
Torre Sant Sebastia 1931 Spain Barcelona 78 m Harbour terminal aerial tramway
Hiratsuka TV Tower 1972 Japan Hiratsuka 70 m
Hot Springs Mountain Tower 1983 United States Hot Springs Mountain 65.8 m
Petřínská rozhledna 1891 Czech Prague 60 m
Bachtel Tower 1986 Switzerland Hinwil 60 m
Green Tower 1998 Japan Sanbu 60 m
Gross Reken Melchenberg Radio Tower ? Germany Reken 60 m
Schomberg Observation Tower 2005/2006 Germany Sundern 60 m
Aalborgtårnet 1933 Denmark Aalborg 54.9 m
Observation Tower Ahlbeck 1998 Germany Ahlbeck 50 m
Watkins' Tower 1891 UK London 46 m never completed, dismantled
Joseph's Cross 1896 Germany Stolberg 38 m
Poppenberg Observation Tower 1897 Germany Ilfeld 33 m
Lemberg Tower 1899 Germany Lemberg Mountain 33 m
Wanne Observation Tower 1888 Germany Villingen-Schwenningen 30 m
Gehrenberg Tower 1903 Germany Markdorf 30 m
Tower of Unity 1962 Germany Heldrastein 30 m Former additionally guyed lattice tower, which was transformed into observation tower
Gustav-Vietor-Tower 1882 Germany Hohe Wurzel (Taunus) 25 m demolished in 2006
Observation Tower Height of Goetzingen 1883 Germany Neustadt/Saxony 25 m
Hochfirst Tower 1890 Germany Titisee-Neustadt 25 m Additionally guyed
Büchenbronn Observation Tower 1883 Germany Büchenbronn 24.75 m Additionally guyed
Tour du Belvédère 1898 France Mulhouse-Belvédère 20 m
Salzgitter Bismarck Tower 1900 Germany Salzgitter 17 m
Gillerberg Observation Tower 1892 Germany Hilchenbach 15 m
Tokyo Skytree 2012 Japan Sumida, Tokyo 634 m
Gettysburg National Tower 1974 United States Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 120 m Demolished on July 3, 2000

Radio tower carrying aerials[edit]

Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Kyiv TV Tower 1973 Ukraine Kyiv 385 m Tallest lattice tower in the world
WITI TV Tower 1962 United States Shorewood, Wisconsin 329 m
WHDH-TV Tower 1994 United States Newton, Massachusetts 323.8 m
KCTV-Tower 1956 United States Kansas City, Missouri 317.6 m
Atlanta Turner Broadcasting Tower 1980 United States Atlanta, Georgia 314.3 m Disassembled in 2010
Yerevan TV Tower 1977 Armenia Yerevan 311.7 m
St. Petersburg TV Tower 1962 Russia Saint Petersburg 310 m
Fazilka TV Tower ? India Fazilka 304.8 m
Mumbai Television Tower ? India Mumbai 300 m
Star Tower 1991 United States Cincinnati, Ohio 291 m
Sutro Tower 1973 United States San Francisco, California 295 m
Dudelange Radio Tower 1957 Luxembourg Dudelange 285 m
Moscow Octod Tower 2006 Russia Moscow 258 m
Grodno TV Tower 1984 Belarus Grodno 254 m
Towers of Lafayette transmitter 1920 France Marcheprime 250 m 8 towers, demolished between 1944 and 1953
Longwave transmitter Junglinster 1932 Luxembourg Junglinster 250 m 3 towers, insulated against ground, height since 1980 216 m
NSS Annapolis 1936 United States Annapolis 243.8 m destroyed
Central tower (Königs Wusterhausen) 1925 Germany Koenigs Wusterhausen 243 m collapsed on November 15, 1972
Kharkiv TV Tower ? Ukraine Kharkiv 242.5 m
FM/TV-Tower Wavre ? Belgium Wavre 232 m
WOR TV Tower 1949 United States North Bergen, New Jersey 231,65 m dismantled
Crystal Palace Transmitter 1950 United Kingdom London 222 m
Torre TV Bandeirantes 1997 Brazil São Paulo 212 m
TV Tower Bol d'Air-Ougrée ? Belgium Bol d'Air-Ougrée 210 m
VRT Zendmast Genk ? Belgium Genk 200 m
Kherson TV Tower ? Ukraine Kherson 200 m
Mulhouse-Belvédère Transmission Tower 1997 France Mulhouse-Belvédère 194 m
Transmitter Sottens 1989 Switzerland Sottens 188 m Mediumwave
Santa Palomba transmitter, Main tower ? Italy Santa Palomba 186 m Free-standing lattice tower equipped with cage antenna for mediumwave broadcasting
Criggion VLF transmitter 1941 UK Criggion, Powys 182.9 m 3 towers, demolished
Transmission tower of Moscow Radio Centre 13 ? Russia Balashikha 176 m
TV Tower Namur-Profondville ? Belgium Namur-Profondville 163 m
Shukhov radio tower 1922 Russia Moscow 160 m Hyperboloid structure. Currently under threat of demolition.
CBC Jarvis St. Tower 1952 Canada Toronto 160 m Demolished in 2002
TV Tower Tournai-Froidmont ? Belgium Tournai-Froidmont 157 m
Mesquite Tower 1990 United States Mesquite, Texas 155.3 m
Croydon Transmitter 1962 UK London, Surrey 152 m
RKS Mělník-Chloumek ? Czech Republic Mělník 152 m Mediumwave
RKS Dobrochov ? Czech Republic Dobrochov 152 m Mediumwave
Longwave transmitter Lahti 1927 Finland Lahti 150 m Two towers carrying an antenna for longwave
RKS Liblice 1 ? Czech Republic Liblice 150 m Two towers carrying an antenna for longwave, demolished in 2004
Mannesmann Tower Vienna 1954 Germany Vienna 150 m
TV Tower Leglise-Anlier ? Belgium Leglise-Anlier 150 m
Halle Radio Tower 2005 Germany Halle 150 m
Zendstation Ugchelen 1959 Netherlands Ugchelen 142 m
Monte Mario Tower ? Italy Rome 140 m
Frémont Point Transmitter ? UK Fremont Point, Jersey 139 m
Hohenstadt Transmission Tower ? Germany Hohenstadt 137 m
St. Chrischona, old tower 1962 Switzerland St. Chrischona 136 m
Mount Ślęża transmitter 1972 Poland Mount Ślęża 136 m Additionally guyed
Transmission Tower Hardberg 1951 Germany Hardberg 135 m
Trollhättan TV Tower ? Sweden Trollhättan 135 m
Transmission Tower Emley Moor 1956 UK Emley Moor, Yorkshire 135 m dismantled
Soelvesborg transmitter 1985 Sweden Sölvesborg 135 m Mediumwave, 2 towers
Lezarsk TV Tower ? Poland Lezarsk 130 m Additionally guyed
Portofino TV Tower ? Italy Portofino 130 m Additionally guyed
Armstrong Tower 1938 United States Alpine, New Jersey 129.6 m
Piatkowo transmitter, Tower 2 1993 Poland Poznań 128 m
VLF transmitter Grimeton 1923 Sweden Grimeton 127 m VLF, 6 towers
HBG Prangins 1931 Switzerland Prangins 125 m Two towers carrying a longwave antenna
Craigkelly TV Tower ? UK Craigkelly 125 m
Longwave transmitter Motala 1927 Sweden Motala 120 m Two towers carrying an antenna for longwave
Mannesmann Tower Hannover 1955 Austria Hannover 120 m
Transmitter Kalundborg 1927 Denmark Kalundborg 118 m Two towers carrying an antenna for longwave
Nordschwarzwaldturm 1974 Germany Schömberg-Langenbrand 118 m
Kvitsøy Tower 1981/82 Norway Kvitsøy 117.5 m Mediumwave
Richtfunkstelle Berlin-Frohnau 1973 Germany Berlin 117 m
Helgoland Radio Tower 2000 Germany Helgoland 115 m Additionally guyed
Jagodnik transmitter ? Poland Jagodnik 115 m
Transmission Tower La Dole 1958 Switzerland La Dole 112 m
Swingate Transmitter ? UK Swingate, Kent 111 m 3 towers
Fleckendorf Radio Tower 1955 Austria Ansfelden 110 m
Radio Tower of School for Radiotechnology Nuremberg ? Germany Nuremberg 108 m
Yokosuka Microwave Communications Site ? Japan Yokosuka 106.7 m demolished
Zakopane-Gubałówka transmitter ? Poland Zakopane 102 m
Central Tower Deutsch-Altenburg Radio Station 1925 Austria Dutsch-Altenburg 100 m demolished
Schöckl Transmitter 1956 Austria Schöckl Mountain 100 m
Gaisberg Transmitter 1956 Austria Gaisberg Mountain 100 m
Osmolin Radio Tower ? Poland Osmolin 100 m
Torii-Tower 1972 Germany Gusborn 97 m Double Tower
Directional Radio Tower Solec Kujawski 1999 Poland Solec Kujawski  ?
Medium Wave Transmitter Romainville 1934 France Romainville ? two towers
Pfänder Transmitter 1958 Austria Pfänder Mountain 94.7 m
Transmitter Santa Maria di Galeria ? Italy Santa Maria di Galeria 94 m exclave of Vatican City, Mediumwave
Stuttgart-Möhringen directional radio tower 1975 Germany Stuttgart 93 m
Directional Radio Tower Mühlacker 2004 Germany Mühlacker 93 m
Grünten Transmission Tower 1951 Germany Grünten Mountain 92 m
Zendstation Zwollerkerspel 1985 Netherlands Zwollerkerpsel 90 m
TV Tower Słupsk 1991 Poland Słupsk 90 m
Sud Radio Transmitter Pic Blanc 1972 Andorra Pic Blanc 86 m two towers
Transmission Tower Les Ordons ? Switzerland Les Ordons 80 m
Directional Radio Tower Konstantynow 1974 Poland Gabin-Konstantynow 76 m
Radio Tower Colmar ? France Colmar 72 m
Radio Tower Bonhoure ? France Toulouse 72 m
Pohorje transmitter ? Slovenia Maribor 72 m Additionally guyed
Ionosonde Juliusruh 1961 Germany Juliusruh 70 m
Transmission Tower Engelskirchen 1992 Germany Engelskirchen 70 m
Brookmans Park Transmitter 1929 UK Brookmans Park, Hertfordshire 60.96 m
Etzenricht Directional Radio Tower 1973 Germany Etzenricht 55 m
Transmitter Turners Hill ? United Kingdom Turners Hill, West Midland ?
The Wrekin Transmitter ? UK The Wrekin, Shropshire 52 m
Beacon Hill Transmitter ? UK Beacon Hill, Devon ?
Patscherkofel Transmitter 1958 Austria Patscherkofel Mountain 50 m
TV Tower Henley on Thames ? UK Henley on Thames, Berkshire 50 m
Friolzheimer Riese ? Germany Friolzheim 47 m
Hidden Radio Tower 2002 Germany Stuttgart 42 m

Selfradiating transmission tower[edit]

See also: Mast radiator
Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Longwave transmitter Junglinster 1932 Luxembourg Junglinster 250 m 3 towers, insulated against ground, height since 1980 216 m
Blosenbergturm 1937 Switzerland Beromünster 216 m Insulated against ground
Novosemejkino transmitter 1943 Russia Novosemejkino 205 m Multiple towers, insulated against ground
LORAN-C transmitter Carolina Beach ? United States Carolina Beach 190.5 m Insulated against ground
Transmitter Sottens, old transmission tower 1948 Switzerland Sottens 190 m demolished in 1989, insulated against ground
Cambridge Bay LORAN Tower 1948 Cambridge Bay Canada 189 m Operates as NDB with callsign CB
Transmitter Beromünster, backup transmission tower 1937 Switzerland Beromünster 126 m Insulated against ground
Transmitter Sottens, backup transmission tower 1931 Switzerland Sottens 125 m Insulated against ground
Transmitter Monte Ceneri 1933 Lattice tower Monte Ceneri pass 120 m insulated against ground, since 1978 used for TV-broadcasting ( today DVB-T and DAB)
Limassol BBC Relay, 639 kHz Antenna ? Cyprus Akrotiri 120 m 4 towers, insulated against ground
Orfordness transmitting station, 648 kHz Antenna ? United Kingdom Orfordness 106.7 m Insulated against ground, multiple lattice towers
Limassol BBC Relay, 720 kHz Antenna ? Cyprus Akrotiri 102 m 4 towers, insulated against ground
Puckeridge DECCA tower 194? UK Puckeridge 100 m Insulated against ground
Freemen's Common Radio Tower ? UK Freemen's Common ? Insulated against ground
Orfordness transmitting station, 1296 kHz Antenna ? United Kingdom Orfordness ? Insulated against ground, multiple lattice towers
Camphin en Carembault Transmitter, Reserve Transmission Tower ? France Camphin en Carembault ? Insulated against ground
Florence, Old Radio Tower ? Italy Florence ? Insulated against ground, [3]
Ashton Moss Transmitter ? UK Ashton-under-Lyne ? 3 towers, insulated against ground
Szombathely transmitter 1955 Hungary Szombathely 60 m
Lutsk Mediumwave Transmitter ? Ukraine Lutsk 50 m
NKR 197? Germany Leimen 20 m Insulated against ground

Pylons[edit]

Main article: Electricity pylon
Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Zhoushan Island Overhead Powerline Tie 2009 China Damao Island 370m Tallest pylons in the world
Yangtze River Crossing 2003 China Jiangyin 346.5m
Pylons of Pearl River Crossing 1987 China Pearl River 253 m + 240 m
Orinoco River Crossing  ? Venezuela Caroní 240 m Tallest electricity pylons in South America
HVDC Yangtze River Crossing Wuhu 2003 China  ? 229 m Tallest electricity pylons used for HVDC
Elbe Crossing 2 1976–1978 Germany Stade 227 m
Chūshi Powerline Crossing 1962 Japan Takehara 226 m Tallest electricity pylons in Japan
Daqi-Channel-Crossing 1997 Japan Takehara 223 m
Overhead line crossing Suez Canal 1998 Egypt 221 m
Pylons of Messina 1957 Italy Messina 232 m ( 224 m without basement) not used as pylons any more
Balakovo 500 kV Wolga Crossing, Tower East  ? Russia Balakovo 197 m
LingBei-Channel-Crossing 1993 Japan Reihoku 195 m
380kV Thames Crossing 1965 UK West Thurrock 190 m
Elbe Crossing 1 1958–1962 Germany Stade 189 m
Tracy Saint Lawrence River Powerline Crossing ? Canada Tracy 174.6 m tallest electricity pylon in Canada
Lekkerkerk Crossing 1 1970 Netherlands Lekkerkerk 163 m Tallest crossing in the Netherlands
Bosporus overhead line crossing III 1999 Turkey Istanbul 160 m
Balakovo 500 kV Wolga Crossing, Tower West  ? Russia Balakovo 159 m
Pylons of Cadiz ? Spain Cadiz 158 m
Aust Severn Powerline Crossing ? UK Aust 148.75 m
132kV Thames Crossing 1932 UK West Thurrock 148.4 m demolished in 1987
Karmsundet Powerline Crossing ? Norway Karmsundet 143.5 m
Limfjorden Overhead powerline crossing 2 ? Denmark Raerup 141.7 m
Saint Lawrence River HVDC Quebec-New England Overhead Powerline Crossing 1989 Canada Deschambault-Grondines 140 m dismantled in 1992
Pylons of Voerde 1926 Germany Voerde 138 m
Köhlbrand Powerline Crossing ? Germany Hamburg 138 m
Bremen-Farge Weser Powerline Crossing  ? Germany Bremen 135 m
Pylons of Ghesm Crossing 1984 Iran Strait of Ghesm 130 m One pylon standing on a caisson in the sea
Shukhov tower on the Oka River 1929 Russia Dzerzhinsk 128 m Hyperboloid structure, 2 towers, one of them demolished
Tarchomin pylon of Tarchomin-Lomianki Vistula Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Tarchomin 127 m
Skolwin pylon of Skolwin-Inoujście Odra Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Skolwin 126 m
Enerhodar Dnipro Powerline Crossing 2 1977 Ukraine Enerhodar 126 m
Inoujście pylon of Skolwin-Inoujście Odra Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Inoujście 125 m
Bosporus overhead line crossing II 1983 Turkey Istanbul 124 m
Duisburg-Wanheim Powerline Rhine Crossing  ? Germany Duisburg 122 m
Lomianki pylon of Tarchomin-Lomianki Vistula Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Lomianki 121 m
Pylons of Duisburg-Rheinhausen 1926 Germany Duisburg-Rheinhausen 118.8 m
Bullenhausen Elbe Powerline Crossing ? Germany Bullenhausen 117 m
Lubaniew-Bobrowniki Vistula Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Lubaniew/Bobrowniki 117 m
Świeże Górne-Rybakow Vistula Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Świeże Górne/Rybaków 116 m
Ostrówek-Tursko Vistula Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Ostrówek/Tursko 115 m
Bosporus overhead line crossing I 1957 Turkey Istanbul 113 m
Bremen-Industriehafen Weser Powerline Crossing  ? Germany Bremen 111 m two parallel running powerlines
Probostwo Dolne pylon of Nowy Bógpomóż-Probostwo Dolne Vistula Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Nowy Bógpomóż/Probostwo Dolne 111 m
Daugava Powerline Crossing 1975 Latvia Riga 110 m
Nowy Bógpomóż pylon of Nowy Bógpomóż-Probostwo Dolne Vistula Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Nowy Bógpomóż 109 m
Regów Gołąb Vistula Powerline Crossing  ? Poland Regów/Gołąb 108 m
Orsoy Rhine Crossing ? Germany Orsoy 105 m
Limfjorden Overhead powerline crossing 1 ? Denmark Raerup 101.2 m
Enerhodar Dnipro Powerline Crossing 2 1977 Ukraine Enerhodar 100 m
Reisholz Rhine Powerline Crossing 1917 Germany Düsseldorf  ? Under the legs of the pylon on the east shore of Rhine there runs the rail to nearby Holthausen substation
Strelasund Powerline Crossing  ? Germany Sundhagen 85 m
380kV-Ems-Overhead Powerline Crossing  ? Germany Mark (south of Weener) 84 m
Pylon in the artificial lake of Santa Maria 1959 Switzerland Lake of Santa Maria 75 m Pylon in an artificial lake
Zaporizhzhia Pylon Triple  ? Ukraine Zaporizhzhia 74.5 m Two triple pylns used for a powerline crossing from Khortytsia Island to the east shore of Dneipr
Aggersund Crossing of Cross-Skagerrak 1977 Denmark Aggersund 70 m
Carquinez Strait Powerline Crossing 1901 United States Benicia 68 m + 20 m World's first powerline crossing of a larger waterway
Anlage 2610, Mast 69  ? Germany Bochum 47 m Pylon of 220kV-powerline decorated with balls in Ruhr-Park mall.
Colossus of Eislingen 1980 Germany Eislingen/Fils 47 m
Pink Pylon ? UK Ashworth Valley ? demounted in 2003
Huddersfield Narrow Canal Pylon ? UK Stalybridge, Greater Manchester ?

Monuments[edit]

See also: Monument
Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Torre del Reformador 1935 Guatemala Guatemala City 75 m
Mount Gorbea summit cross 1907 Spain Mount Gorbea 17.2 m

Lighthouses[edit]

Main article: Lighthouse
Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Campen Lighthouse 1889 Germany Krummhörn 65.3 m


Wind turbines[edit]

Main article: Wind turbine
Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Nowy Tomyśl Wind Turbines 2012 Poland Nowy Tomyśl, Poland 210 m 160 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 100 metres diameter
Fuhrländer Wind Turbine Laasow 2006 Germany Laasow, Brandenburg 205 m 160 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 90 metres diameter
Fuhrländer Wind Turbines Spremberg 2009 Germany Spremberg, Brandenburg 191 m 141 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 100 metres diameter, 9 units
Laubersreuth Fuhrländer Wind Turbines 2010 Germany Münchberg, Bavaria 191 m 141 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 100 metres diameter, 2 units
Ewiger Fuhrmann Vestas V66 Wind Turbine Germany Kreuztal, North Rhine-Westphalia 150 m 117 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 66 metres diameter
Oyten Vestas V-66 Wind Turbines 2000/2002 Germany Oyten, Lower-Saxony 150 m 117 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 66 metres diameter, 2 units
Elspe Fuhrländer FL 77 Wind Turbine 2001 Germany Elspe, North Rhine-Westphalia 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter
Melle Südwind S77 Wind Turbines 2001/2003 Germany Melle, Lower Saxony 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 6 units
Heisberg Südwind S77 Wind Turbine 2002 Germany Freudenberg, North Rhine-Westphalia 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter
Wallmersbach Südwind S77 Wind Turbine 2002 Germany Uffenheim, Bavaria 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter
Achim Vestas V66 Wind Turbines 2002 Germany Achim, Lower Saxony 150 m 117 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 66 metres diameter, 3 units
Badbergen Südwind S70\1500 wind turbines 2002 Germany Badbergen, Lower-Saxony 150 m 114,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 70 metres diameter, 12 units
Dinklage Südwind S70\1500 Wind Turbines 2002 Germany Dinklage, Lower Saxony 150 m 114,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 70 metres diameter, 5 units
Beedenbostel Vestas V66 Wind Turbines 2002 Germany Beedenbostel, Lower Saxony 150 m 117 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 66 metres diameter, 5 units
Büddenstedt Südwind S77 Wind Turbines 2002 Germany Helmstedt, Lower Saxony 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 units
Schwagstorf Südwind S70\1500 Wind Turbines 2002 Germany Ostercappeln, Lower Saxony 150 m 114,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 70 metres diameter, 12 units
Kamp-Lintfort Südwind S77 Wind Turbines 2003 Germany Kamp-Lintfort, North Rhine-Westphalia 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 units
Wetzdorf REpower MD77 Wind Turbines 2003 Germany Wetzdorf, Thuringia 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter,2 units
Hilgershausen Südwind S77 Wind Turbines 2003/ 2004 Germany Felsberg, Hesse 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 units
Kirchlinteln Vestas V66 Wind Turbines 2004 Germany Kirchlinteln, Lower Saxony 150 m 117 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 66 metres diameter, 4 units
Dretzen Fuhrländer FL 77 Wind Turbines 2005 Germany Dretzen, Brandenburg 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 10 units
Bad Laer Nordex N90 Wind Turbine 2005 Germany Bad Laer, Lower Saxony 150 m 105 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 90 metres diameter
Achmer Nordex N90 wind turbines 2006 Germany Achmer, Lower-Saxony 150 m 105 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 90 metres diameter, 9 units
Alfhausen Nordex N90 wind turbines Germany Alfhausen, Lower-Saxony 150 m 105 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 90 metres diameter, 12 units
Nike Laakdal Wind Park 2006 Belgium Laakdal 150 m 111.5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 6 units
Voltlage Nordex S77 wind turbines 2006 Germany Voltlage, Lower-Saxony 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 7 units
Pattensen REpower MD77 Wind Turbine 2007 Germany Pattensen, Lower Saxony 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter
Kölkebeck REpower MD77 Wind Turbines 2007 Germany Kölkebeck, North Rhine-Westphalia 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 units
Schorbus REpower MD77 Wind Turbines 2007 Germany Schorbus, Brandenburg 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter,2 units
Illerich Fuhrländer FL 77 Wind Turbines 2005 Germany Illerich, Rheinland-Pfalz 150 m 111,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 units
Glandorf Fuhrländer FL 70 Wind Turbine 2003 Germany Glandorf, Lower Saxony 149,5 m 114,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 70 metres diameter
Urfeld Südwind S77 Wind Turbines 2001 Germany Wesseling, North Rhine-Westphalia 135 m 96,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 units
Vorderbreitenthann Südwind S77 Wind Turbine 2002 Germany Uffenheim, Bavaria 135 m 96,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter
Muthmannshofen Südwind S77 Wind Turbines 2002 Germany Muthmannshofen, Bavaria 135 m 96,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 units
Werl REpower MD 77 Wind Turbines 2002 Germany Werl, North Rhine-Westphalia 135 m 96,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 Anlage
Bennien Südwind S77 Wind Turbines 2003 Germany Melle, Lower Saxony 135 m 96,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 4 units
Wetzdorf REpower MD77 Wind Turbines 2003 Germany Wetzdorf, Thuringia 135 m 96,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter,2 units
Kölkebeck Nordex S77 Wind Turbine 2006 Germany Kölkebeck, North Rhine-Westphalia 135 m 96,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter
Litzendorf REpower MD77 Wind Turbines 2008 Germany Litzendorf, Bavaria 135 m 96,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 77 metres diameter, 2 units
Auetal Nordex N 62 Wind Turbines 2001 Germany Auetal, Lower Saxony 100 m 69 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 62 metres diameter, 3 units
Möllenberg Nordex N 62 Wind Turbines 2001 Germany Möllenberg, North Rhine-Westphalia 100 m 69 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 62 metres diameter, 4 units
Vechta Nordex N 62 Wind Turbines 2001 Germany Vechta, Lower Saxony 100 m 69 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 62 metres diameter, 3 units
Qingdao Nordex N 62 Wind Turbines 2003 China Qingdao 100 m 69 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 62 metres diameterr, 12 units
Barnstorf Vestas V 47 Wind Turbines 2000 Germany Barnstorf, Lower Saxony 99,5 m 76 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 47 metres diameter, 4 units
Barver Vestas V 47 Wind Turbine 2000 Germany Barver, Lower Saxony 99,5 m 76 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 47 metres diameter
Blender Vestas V 47 Wind Turbine 2000 Germany Blender, Lower Saxony 99,5 m 76 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 47 metres diameter
Meinerzhagen Vestas V 47 Wind Turbine 2000 Germany Meinerzhagen, Lower Saxony 99,5 m 76 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 47 metres diameter
Ronnenberg Vestas V 47 Wind Turbines 2001 Germany Ronnenberg, Lower Saxony 99,5 m 76 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 47 metres diameter
Blieskastel Vestas V 47 Wind Turbine 2001 Germany Blieskastel, Rheinland-Pfalz 99,5 m 76 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 47 metres diameter
Zehlendorf Vestas V 47 Wind Turbines 2002 Germany Zehlendorf, Brandenburg 99,5 m 76 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 47 metres diameter
Stemwede Nordex N 43 Wind Turbines 1997 Germany Stemwede, North Rhine-Westphalia 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter, 10 units
Oelde Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 1997 Germany Oelde, North Rhine-Westphalia 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Silixen Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 1998 Germany Silixen, North Rhine-Westphalia 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Sassenberg Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 1998 Germany Sassenberg, North Rhine-Westphalia 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Osnabrück Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 1998 Germany Osnabrück, Lower Saxony 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Celle Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 1998 Germany Celle, Lower Saxony 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Alzey-Hochborn Nordex N 43 Wind Turbines 1998/1999 Germany Alzey-Hochborn, Rheinland-Pfalz 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter, 14 units
Fürfeld Nordex N 43 Wind Turbines 1999 Germany Fürfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter, 2 units
Brest Nordex N 60 Wind Turbines 1999/2000 Germany Brest, Lower Saxony 99 m 69 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 60 metres diameter, 11 units
Lotte Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 2001 Germany Lotte, Lower Saxony 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Fürfeld Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 2001 Germany Fürfeld, Rheinland-Pfalz 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Rödinghausen Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 2001 Germany Rödinghausen, Lower Saxony 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Mücheln-Oechlitz Nordex N 43 Wind Turbines 2003 Germany Mücheln-Oechlitz, Saxony 99 m 77,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter, 3 units
Erbendorf SB 56 Wind Turbines 2003 Germany Erbendorf, Bavaria 99 m 71 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 56 metres diameter, 3 units
Neustadt/Rübenberge Nordex N 60 Wind Turbines 1999/2000 Germany Neustadt/Rübenberge, Lower Saxony 95 m 65 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 60 metres diameter, 9 units
Karpatos Nordex N 43 Wind Turbine 1999 Greece Karpatos 71,5 m 50 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 43 metres diameter
Vöhrenbach-Fernhöhe Nordex N29 Wind Turbine 1996 Germany Vöhrenbach, Baden-Württemberg 66,25 m 51,5 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 29,5 metres diameter
Schwanebeck Nordex N29 Wind Turbine Germany Schwanebeck, Saxony-Anhalt
Vorob'evskaya Wind Park Ukraine Vorob'evskaya 26,5 m 18 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 17 metres diameter
Novoazovskaya Wind Park Ukraine Novoazovskaya 26,5 m 18 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 17 metres diameter
Donuzlavskaya Wind Park Ukraine Donuzlavskaya 26,5 m 18 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 17 metres diameter
Tarkhankut Wind Park Ukraine Chornomorske 26,5 m 18 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 17 metres diameter
Myrne Wind Park Ukraine Myrne 26,5 m 18 metre tall lattice tower carrying a rotor with 17 metres diameter
Gross Schenkenberg Enercon E-16 Wind Turbine Germany Gross Schenkenberg, Lower Saxony

Pillars of aerial tramways[edit]

Main article: Aerial lift pylon
Tramway Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Glacial Aerial Tramway Kaprun III 1966 Austria Kaprun 113.6 m Tallest pillar of aerial tramway in the world
Torre Jaume I 1931 Spain Barcelona 107 m Intermediate stop, also observation tower
Gant Hohtaelli Aerial Tramway ? Switzerland Zermatt 94 m
Eibsee Aerial Tramway 1962 Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen 85 m
3S Aerial Tramway 2004 Austria Kitzbühel 80 m
Torre Sant Sebastia 1931 Spain Barcelona 78 m Terminal of harbour aerial tramway of Barcelona Spain
Wendelstein Aerial Tramway 1970 Germany Bischofsmais 75 m
Sandia Peak Tramway 1965 United States Albuquerque 70,7 m inclined in an angle of 18 degree
Eibsee Aerial Tramway 1962 Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen 65 m

Other uses[edit]

Tower Year Country Town Pinnacle Remarks
Parachute Tower Katowice 1937 Poland Katowice 50 m

See also[edit]