||This article uses bare URLs for citations. (February 2012)|
|— Metropolitan City —|
|Settled||Possibly 13th century CE|
|• Body||Latur Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Sou Smita Khanapure|
|• Total||96.5 km2 (37.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||515 m (1,690 ft)|
|• Density||4,000/km2 ( 10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||413 512, 413 531|
|Sex ratio||923.54 ♂/♀|
|Distance from Mumbai||497 kilometres (309 mi) E (land)|
|Distance from Hyderabad||337 kilometres (209 mi) NW (land)|
|Distance from Aurangabad, Maharashtra||294 kilometres (183 mi) SE (land)|
|Precipitation||666 millimetres (26.2 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||41 °C (106 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||13 °C (55 °F)|
Latur (Marathi: लातूर) is a city in Marathwada region in the Maharashtra state of India. It is headquarters of Latur District and Latur Taluka. It is known for its educational technique (famously called the Latur Pattern), the food-grain trade and oil mills. Vilasrao Deshmukh was the leader who lifted Latur from small town to one of the largest cities in the Marathwada region.
Latur has an ancient history, which probably dates to the Rashtrakuta period. It was home to a branch of Rashtrakutas which ruled the Deccan from year 753-973AD. The first Rashtrakuta king Dantidurga was from Lattalur (Kannada: ಲಟ್ಟಲೂರು), probably the ancient name for Latur. Anecdotally, Ratnapur is also mentioned as a name for Latur.
The King Amoghavarsha of Rashtrakutas developed the Latur city, originally the native place of the Rashtrakutas. The Rashtrakutas who succeeded the Chalukyas of Badami in 753 AD called themselves the residents of Lattalut.
Later in the 19th century it became part of the independent princely state of Hyderabad. In 1905 it was merged with surrounding areas and renamed Latur tehsil, and became part of Osmanabad district. Before 1948, Latur was a part of Hyderabad state under Nizam. The chief of Nizam's Razakar army Qasim Rizwi was from Latur.
After independence and the merger of Hyderabad with the Indian Union, Osmanabad became part of Bombay Province. In 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, it became one of its districts. On August 16, 1982, a separate Latur district was carved out of Osmanabad district.
Education and research 
Latur has developed as a good educational center in Maharashtra over the years. From past several years, Latur has emerged as a strong educational hub for Secondary School, Higher Secondary School and University education. Students from Latur are always in top spot when it comes to results. Latur has more colleges than any other city in Nanded University.
Basic and higher education 
Public schools (known locally as municipality schools) are run by the LMC, and are affiliated with the MSBSHSE. Private schools are run by educational trusts or individuals. They are usually affiliated to either the state board or to national education boards, such as the ICSE or CBSE boards.
Latur has several education institutes; to name a few:
University education 
Most colleges in Latur are affiliated to the Nanded University. With the emerging talent in Latur, the then Chief Minister Mr. Vilasrao Deshmukh approved a University Sub-Center in Latur, which is being developed in Peth, 12 km from Latur.
The M.S.Bidve Engineering College, Latur, founded in 1983, is one of the oldest engineering colleges in Marathwada. The Maharashtra Institute of Medical Science & Research Latur was founded in 1988 by, social activist Vishwanath Karad. This trust currently maintains and operates 63 institutes in and around Latur. Maitree Foundation, founded in the year 2000, works in the field of Capacity building of rural youth & women. Till date they have worked with more than 800 SHGs.
Dayanand Law College was established by the Dayanand Education Society. Established medical schools such as the Government Medical College, Manjara Ayurvedic College and Maitree Foundation's Maitree Institute of Management & Technology, Latur train students from all over Latur and Maharashtra. Latur is one of the fast growing educational hub. BHIMASHANKAR TEMPLE : is situated about 1.5 kilometres from Latur City.
Geography and climate 
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Latur is situated 636 metres above mean sea level. The district is situated on Maharashtra-Karnataka boundary. On the eastern side of the Latur is Bidar, whereas Nanded is on the northeast, Parbhani on the northern side, Beed on the Northwest and Osmanabad on the western and southern side. The entire district of Latur is situated on the Balaghat plateau, 540 to 638 metres from the mean sea level.
Temperature : Annual temperatures in Latur range from 13 to 41 °C (55 to 106 °F), with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter - October to February. The highest maximum temperature ever recorded was 45.8 °C (114.4 °F). The lowest recorded temperature was 6.9 °C (44.4 °F). In the cold season the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the minimum temperature may drop down to about 2 to 4 °C (36 to 39 °F).
Rainfall : Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Rainfall varies from 9.0 to 693 mm/month. Average annual rainfall is 725 mm.
Latur Earthquake of 1993 
Latur had a devastating earthquake on 30 September 1993 resulting in a huge loss of life. The earthquake measured only 6.3 on the Richter scale but more than 30,000 people were estimated to have died mainly due to poor construction of houses and village huts made of stones which just collapsed on people who were fast asleep in early morning hours. It struck southern Marathwada region of Maharashtra state in central-western part of India and affected Latur, Beed, Osmanabad and adjoining districts about 400 km south-east of Mumbai (Bombay). It was an intra-plate earthquake. Latur was almost completely destroyed and life came to a standstill. The earthquake's focus was around 12 km deep - relatively shallow causing shock waves to cause more damage. The number of lives lost was high as the earthquake occurred at 03.53 a.m. local time when people were fast asleep.
After the earthquake, seismic zones were reclassified and building codes and standards were revised all over India.
There is evidence to believe that Latur was developed as a trading hub nine decades ago. It lies on a major trade route that used to connect north-west India's sea and land ports to the Deccan region.
|Source:Census of India|
The city is a major sugarcane and edible oils, soyabean, grapes and mango production center. A fine blend of mango with locally grown mangoes was developed as Keshar Amba.
Till 1990, Latur languished as a city, remaining an industrially backward. In 1960, region of Marathwada was merged with Maharashtra. This was the time when the industrial development of the Marathwada region began, propelled through designated backward area benefits. And it was only when the MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation) began acquiring land and setting up industrial estates that it began to grow. but still the majority small and medium scale industries are agriculture based and not industry based.
City is now home to some best known brands. There are Tinna Oils, Kirti Gold, Videocon, and Kalantry Group's Agro Processing and dal manufacturing units to name a few. Many players have their manufacturing bases in Latur, in the sectors of Agro Processing and Edible Oils and consumer durables, plastic processing, aluminium processing, agriculture and biotech. Among Agro Processing Ramkee Infrastructure along with IL&FS would be starting their plant in Latur, which is Largest Agro Based SEZ in Maharashtra.
The Latur, Additional Latur and Khandapur MIDC Industrial Areas are prominent industrial zones on the outskirts of the city, with various major multinational groups having set up manufacturing or processing plants in and around the city. There is one Special Economic Zone (SEZ) have been approved by central government for this city and these are, in Agro Processing SEZ. An electronic goods major Videocon will soon establish plant for manufacturing of CFL's & Remote Controls.
Edible oils 
Latur is famous for processing of Edible Oils.
Archer Daniels Midland Company operates:
- Oil seed processing division at Latur, Maharashtra
- Animal Health & Nutrition division at Latur, Maharasthra
- Biodiesel production plant at Latur, Maharasthra
- Kirti Group also has three such plants in Latur.
Trade and industries 
Latur has the largest trading centre for soyabean in India. The green city is inside what is called 'Sugar Belt' of Maharashtra. The district has more than eleven sugar factories, which makes it among the highest sugar-producing districts of India. It also has oil seeds, commodities and fruit market.
Latur is also known for high quality grapes and houses many state and privately owned cold storage facilities. A grape wine park spread over 1.42 square kilometres (350 acres) has been established near Ausa, 18 km from Latur city. A brand new Latur Food Park, spread across 1.2 square kilometres (300 acres) is under construction at Additional MIDC Latur.
Latur is major transport junction to south India.
Latur Sugar Belt 
The Latur region is known as the "Sugar Belt of India". This region houses over eleven large sugar factories. Vilasrao Deshmukh, who served as chief minister of Maharashtra for two terms, Shri Keshavrao Sonawane (Ex Cabinet min. Mah.State)started the co-operative movement which helped Latur become the most developed District in the region. Most of the sugar factories of the Latur sugar belt work on the co-operative basis.
Latur Food Park 
The park is being planned on a 50-acre (200,000 m2) plot at Harangul near Latur city. Ramky(India) is the consultant for the project.
The location is best suited for processing grapes, turmeric, mangoes, pomegranates, citrus fruits and custard apple.
Common facilities planned are cold-storage, effluent treatment and social infrastructure.
Information technology: Latur IT Park 
The city now has an Infotech Park with state-of-the-art facilities waiting for Infotech companies to start operations. Latur Infotech Park has state-of-the-art modern facilities for software companies. The park is located in an attractive locality surrounded by greenery in Old MIDC. The IT park has total build-up area of 24,866 sq ft (2,310.1 m2) with 32 units.
MIDC industrial areas in Latur 
- Latur Industrial Area
- Additional Latur Industrial Area
- Latur Co-Operative Industrial Estate
- Murud Co-Operative Industrial Estate
- Chakur Co-Operative Industrial Estate
- Udaygiri Co-Operative Industrial Estate
- Ausa Industrial Area
- Ahmedpur Industrial Area
- Nilanga Industrial Area
- Udgir Industrial Area
Specialised industrial parks and export zones in Latur 
- Latur Food Park
- Latur Infotech Park
- Latur Integrated Textile Park, Latur
- Bombay Rayon Fashions, Latur
- Grape Yards, Ausa
Chamber of Commerce and industry associations 
- Latur Chamber of Commerce, Latur
- Latur Manufacturers Association, MIDC, Latur
- Engineers and Architects Association, Latur
- Latur Builders Association, Latur
- Computers and Media Dealers Association (CMDA), Latur
Banking and financial services 
In the first decade of the 21st century, Latur has seen a spurt in financial activities, with almost all public sector and private banks have opened up branches including the State Bank of India, State Bank of Hyderabad, Axis Bank,Latur Urban Co-op Bank, Latur ICICI Bank, Bank of India, HDFC Bank, IDBI Bank, Bank of Maharashtra, Bank of Baroda, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Allahabad Bank etc. Latur District Central Co-Operative Bank Ltd came into existence on 15 August 1984. Also other Urban Banks viz. Latur Urban Bank was established in 1990, Vikas Co-Operative Bank Ltd was established in 2001. Bank Of Maharashtra is having their Regional Office in Latur.Also Maharashtra Gramin Bank with their 3 branches and a regional office is at latur.
Administration and politics 
Local administration 
Latur Municipal Corporation (LMC) is the local civil body. It is divided into five zones. The Municipal Council was established in 1952, the Municipal Corporation area is about 96.5 km2s. It was elevated to the status of Municipal Corporation by the State Government in 2011.
The Urban Development Dept., Govt. of Maharashtra expressed its desire vide letter dated 30/10/2006 to notify fringe area of Latur and appoint CIDCO as its Special Planning Authority. CIDCO has submitted its proposal to notify the fringe area measuring approx. 26541.00 ha. inclusive of urbanizable zone of about 16696 ha. Govt. has appointed CIDCO as Special Planning Authority. The notified area covers 40 villages on the fringe of Latur Municipal Corporation. it is envisaged in the project not to acquire 100% land but to adopt minimum land acquisition model for development of infrastructure and growth corridors.
The city is divided in 67 electoral wards called as Prabhag and each ward is represented by a Corporator (called as Nagarsevak) elected by the people from each ward. LMC is responsible for providing basic amenities like drinking water, drainage facility,road,street lights, healthcare facilities, primary schools,etc. LMC collects its revenue from the urban taxes which are imposed on citizens. The administration is headed by the Commissioner of Municipal Corporation; a I.A.S. Officer, assisted by the other officers of different departments.
Latur municipal corporation formed in Nov 2011. Mrs Smita Kahanpure became the first lady mayor of Latur . Mrs Smita Khanapure is post-graduate in Public administration and politics. Smita is daughter of Mr Subhash Khumse and niece of Mr Murgappa Khumse, who belongs to Renapur.
State and central administration 
Latur contributes one seat to the Lok Sabha. The seat is currently held by Jaywantrao Awale, MP of the Indian National Congress party. It also holds one seat for the Assembly - Latur Indian National Congress. In latest constituency arrangements made by Election Commission of India, Latur will contribute one Loksabha seat, and two state assembly seats, i.e. Latur City and Latur Rural.
Media and communication 
Newspapers: Marathwada Neta is the first Maharashtra District news paper daily having an internet edition along with an epaper. Ekmat- is the leading newspaper of the region, while Yeshwant, Lokmat, Bhukamp, Sakaal, Punyanagri, Mukteshwar samachar and Lokman and are other daily newspapers published in the regional language.
Internet: Internet facilities are provided by several suppliers, with BSNL, Media:Broadband Infosystems (provides Sify Broadband), METAMAX, Tata Indicom, Reliance, Hathway [MCN] & Intek Broadband Services providing a broadband service.
Latur population as of 2011 census is 299,341.
Latur is connected by roads with various major cities of Maharashtra and other states. Road connectivity is excellent and road connecting to Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Kolhapur, Sangli, Aurangabad are being upgraded into four-lane highway.
The scheme of nationalization of passenger transport services was started as early as 1932 by the State of Hyderabad, which was one of the pioneers in the field of public road transport, first in collaboration with the railways and then as a separate Government Department. After the reorganization of States and with effect from 1 July 1961, the Marathwada State Transport was amalgamated with the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state.
The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state. Private buses have an established network to connect the city with all the major cities in Maharashtra and other states.
Intracity transport 
"Latur Municipal Transport" (LMT) is an intra-city bus service which covers almost all parts of the city and also connects to the more distant industrial suburbs. LMT (Latur Municipal Transport) intra-city buses ply throughout the city including the outskirts and connect different parts of the city and adjoining suburbs together. The LMT bus service is affordable, efficient and safe. The LMT buses are quite crowded during morning and evening rush hours. There are also number of taxis available to commuters to travel to nearby suburbs.
Latur has an airport located near Chincholiraowadi, 12 Kilometres northwest of the city. It does not have any scheduled commercial air service.
The Latur-Miraj Railway was establisted by the British.
The Latur-Miraj Railway (metre gauge) runs for 391 miles (629 km) north-west from Latur city to Miraj on the south-western section of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and was built between 1929 and 1931.
Latur (Station Code: LUR) is a station located on the Latur-Miraj section of Solapur (SUR) Division of Central Railway (CR). The Manmad-Kacheguda Broad gauge railway line which emanates from the Vikarabad-Latur Road-Parli trunk route at Latur Road is an important artery of traffic in Latur district. The importance of this line lies in the fact that it has opened for traffic the Coal tract in Marathwada region. It also serves as a link between Aurangabad and Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. As a matter of fact this line was formerly the only route of traffic as there were no good roads in the Marathwada region.
Latur comes under the Solapur (SUR) Division of CR. Latur has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Pune, Daund, and Kachiguda (HYB).
Departures from Latur (LUR) 
|Train No.||Name||Type||Destination||Dept. Days||Sch. Time|
|17614||Hazur Sahib Nanded-Pune Express||Exp||Pune Jn (PUNE)||x x x x x x S||02.50|
|17613||Pune Nanded Express||Exp||Hazur Sahib Nanded (NED)||S x x x x x x||04.10|
|11403||Nagpur Kolhapur Express||Exp||Shahu Maharaj Terminus (KOP)||S x x W x x x||05.30|
|17014||Hyderabad-Pune Express||Exp||Pune Jn. (PUNE)||x M x W x x S||06.30|
|17013||Pune-Hyderabad Express||Exp||Hyderabad (HYB)||x M x W x x S||21.05|
|11404||Kolhapur-Nagpur Express||Exp||Nagpur Junction (NGP)||x M x x x F x||21.40|
|12528||Latur-Mumbai CST Superfast Express||Exp||Mumbai CST (CSTM)||S M T W T F S||22.30|
Tourist attractions 
- Siddheshwar & Ratneshwar Temple: Situated about 2 km. from the city. Latur city has the beautiful Siddheswar temple built by King Tamradwaj. It is a gramdaivat of latur town.
- Ganj Golai: Latur city has the famous 'Ganjgolai' as the central place of the city. The town planner Shri Faiyajuddin prepared the plan for the 'Ganjgolai Chowk'. The main building of the Golai is a huge two-storied structure which was constructed around the year 1917. In the middle of the circular structure is the temple of Goddess Ambabai. There are 16 roads connecting to this Golai and along these roads are separate markets selling all kinds of traditional local wares such as gold ornaments to footwear and food items from chilli to jaggery. Thus, the 'Ganjgolai' has become the main commercial and trade centre of this city.
- Surat Shahvali Darga: The Darga of Surat Shahvalli also deserve mention as the beautiful monuments of the city.
- Kharosa Caves: Is a small village situated at 45 km from Latur city. The beautiful sculptures of Narsinha, Shiv Parvati, Kartikeya, Ravan are the example of the cultural heritage of this land. According to the historians these caves were built in the 6th century during the Gupta period.
- Astavinayak Temple: Is two kilometres away from Latur. The present structure represents outstanding architecture and carving.
- Hattibet-Devarjan: This is a beautiful place near Udgir. On a small hill is the Samadhi of Gangaram Maharaj. The place is also famous for cave carvings. The place has given birth to several freedom fighters who lost their lives in the Hyderabad freedom struggle.
- Kasarshirshi: Kasarshirshi is a small town with historical significance. Ancient inscriptions dated around 696-697 AD have been found here.
- Udgir fort: Udgir is one of the most important towns of Latur district. Udgir has a great historical significance. It has witnessed the war between the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad which took place in 1761. The Marathas led by Sadashivrao Bhau defeated the Nizam and the treaty of Udgir was signed. The fort of Udgir stands in all its glory speaking volumes about the Indian history and Indian culture. The fort is bounded by a 40 feet (12 m) deep trench as the fort is built at the ground level. In the fort are several palaces Durbar halls and most importantly the Samadhi of Udaygir Maharaj which is 60 feet (18 m) under the normal ground level. This is a place of great reverence to the people of the region. The fort has some rare inscriptions written in Arabic and Persian.
- Wadwal Nagnath Bet (Hill): is famous for its unique feature of producing a very rare species of Ayurvedic bushes and plants. It is 16.5 km away from Chakur and 39 km from Latur city. The hill is of 600– 700 feet (210 m) height from the ground and is 3 km near the Wadwal-Nagnath village.
- Ausa: This is a taluka headquarters, just 20 km away from Latur. Ausa also has an old historical fort which today is in ruins. The place has a huge temple of Virnath Maharaj, built by his son Mallinath Maharaj about 300 years ago.
- Other attractions: An Ideal Gateway to Religious Destinations namely Malegaon, Parli Vaijnath, Tuljapur, Pandharpur, Akkalkot, Ganagapur, Shani Shingnapur, Aundha Nagnath, Bidar, Satya Sai Deosthan all of which are well connected by road and railways to the city.
;Personalities from Latur
Geographical location 
||mumbai||Ambajogai, Parbhani||Ahmedpur, Nanded|
|Pune, Barsi||Udgir, Nizamabad|
|Solapur, Osmanabad||Ausa, Gulbarga||Omerga, Bidar|
See also 
- "Gazetteers Department - lATUR". maharashtra.gov.in (Government of Maharashtra). Retrieved 2007-02-27.
- What is Latur Pattern?
- "MSBECL". MSBECL. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "P L Govt Polytechnic Latur/Home". Plgpl.org. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "FrontPage dynabookウォーカー". Grwpl.org. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "Under Construction". Vdf.co.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "Introduction". Cocsit.org.in. 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "Rajarshi Shahu College : Latur". Shahucollegelatur.org.in. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "メンズファッション通販 激安ショップランキング". Dsjcl.com. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- "Swami Vivekanand Integration English School | Latur". Vivekanandschoollatur.com. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- Maharashtra government web site
- "Mahapopulation" (PDF). Census of India (in Marathi). www.maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- Maharashtra government web site Public transport Latur