(by ancestry, 2011 Census)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Toronto, Vancouver Hamilton, Montreal|
|Latvian, Canadian English|
|Lutheran, Roman Catholic and Protestant.|
|Related ethnic groups|
A Latvian Canadian is a Canadian person of Latvian descent or a Latvian who is in possession of Canadian citizenship. Currently 20,445 people of Latvian descent live in Canada.
Although by 1921 the Canadian government considers Russians to all persons from the Soviet Union, we know that there were some Latvians living in Canada in those years because in 1961, 379 Latvian indicated that they had arrived in Canada prior to 1921, and most probably left Latvia after the 1905 Revolution. Between 1921 and 1945, 409 Latvians arrived to Canada, although in the 1941 census listed 975 people claimed Latvian origin. After the Second World War in 1947, many Latvians came to Canada as refugees of war. This migration, which accounted for 92% of Latvians who immigrated to the country between 1921 and 1965, ended in 1957. Many of these Latvians worked in the agricultural areas during his first years in Canada, but soon settled in cities. So, by 1961 only 10% of those immigrants lived in rurals zones and farms (6 percent in rural areas and 4 percent the them on farms). The majority of Latvian immigrants in Canada in 1991 were women, with a separation of more than 710 people from both genders.
Although before 1939, 78 percent of the Latvian lived in the three prairie provinces, and only 12 percent in Ontario, since 1945 over 70 percent of Latvians live in Ontario and only over 10 percent of the Latvian population is established in Quebec. While that the prairie provinces have only had a11 percent of new Latvian immigrant. By 1991, 20,445 persons indicated they were of Latvian descent, the most of them live in the capital, the 14 percent in the prairie provinces, 12 percent in British Columbia, 5.9 percent in Quebec, and 1.8 percent in the Atlantic region.
Most of Latvian Canadians are Christians, close to 90 percent are Lutheran, 10 percent Roman Catholic, and 1 percent Baptist. The organization of Lutheran congregations in Canada is on regional dioceses, which belong to the Lutheran Evangelical Church in Exile. In 1970 there were 1,400 Latvian-Canadian Roman Catholics. The parish basis to the that them belonged had connected to the larger Roman Catholic Church in Canada. The Toronto archdiocese have to The Association of Canadian Latvian Catholics, founded in 1949. On the other hand, Latvian Baptists are much less numerous in Canada, already that this religious community has only 200 people in this country. However they have a very active congregation in Toronto.
Notable Latvian Canadians
- Harry Adaskin, a violinist, academic, and radio broadcaster
- Murray Adaskin, a violinist, composer, conductor and teacher
- David Bezmozgis, a writer and filmmaker
- Sarmite Bulte, a lawyer, advocate and politician
- Sylvia Burka, a ice speed skater
- Dzintars Cers, a radio presenter and musician
- Ludmilla Chiriaeff, a ballet dancer, choreographer, teacher, and company director
- Kārlis Irbītis, an aeroplane designer
- Henriette Ivanans, an actress
- Miervaldis Jurševskis, a chess master
- Jānis Kalniņš, a composer and conductor
- Andrew Podnieks, an author and ice hockey historian
- Imants Kārlis Ramiņš, a composer, best known for his choral compositions
- Leo Rautins, a former professional basketball player, the former head coach of the Canadian national men's basketball team
- Signe Ronka, a figure skater
- Haralds Šnepsts, a professional ice hockey player
- Ksenia Solo, an actress and former ballet dancer
- Katie Stelmanis, a musician
- Pēteris Tabūns, a politician
- Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, a professor and interdisciplinary scholar at the University of Montreal, the sixth President of Latvia
- http://multiculturalcanada.ca/Encyclopedia/A-Z/l3/2 Multicultural Canada: Migration, Arrival, and Settlement. Retrieved January 05, 2012, to 20:25 pm.
- http://multiculturalcanada.ca/Encyclopedia/A-Z/l3/7 Multicultural Canada: Religion.
- http://www.latviancentre.org/ Latvian Canadian Cultural Centre