Latvian Land Forces

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Latvian Land Forces
Sauszemes spēki
Latvian Land Forces logo.png
Latvian Land Forces emblem
Active 1918 - 1940
1991 - present
Country  Latvia
Branch Latvian Armed Forces
Role Land defence
Size 971 professionals, 1287 officers, 1945 NCOs and 10642 Volunteers total: 14845[1]
Motto Power in unity!
Engagements War of Independence
Iraqi war (2003)
Afghanistan War (2001)
Commanders
Commander Colonel Mārtiņš Liberts[2]

The Latvian Land Forces (Latvian: Sauszemes Spēki, SZS) form the regular contingent of the National Armed Forces of Latvia and provide for the defense of all national territories. The development of the Land Forces is directed towards improving their combat and professional capabilities.

Mission[edit]

The main task of the Land Forces is to defend the national territory during a military threat within the scope of the NATO Treaty, as well as to prepare the Land Force units for their deployment to international missions.

The main mission of the Land Forces is to:

  • Provide for the defense of all national territories;
  • Ensure combat readiness and the mobilization of units;
  • Exterminate explosives;
  • Provide public assistance.

Structure[edit]

Latvian military units and bases
Source: Jane's World Armies Issue 23 - 2008
Note: "Special Tasks Unit" is a special forces unit of battalion size.

Land Forces Infantry Brigade

  • Headquarters
  • HQ and Signal Company
  • 1st Infantry Battalion
  • 2nd Infantry Battalion
  • Fire Support Battalion
  • Combat Support Battalion

Cooperation[edit]

Latvian, US and Afghan soldiers during the patrol in Afghanistan.

The Latvian Land Forces have been participating in peacekeeping operations abroad since 1996. Till this day, NAF soldiers have been deployed on nine international peacekeeping missions – in Afghanistan, Albania, Bosnia, Georgia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Iraq, Central African Republic, and Somalia.[3]

Starting from 2015,[4] the Latvian armed forces will take a part in EU's Nordic Battle Group.

Equipment[edit]

Latvian soldiers during the exercise in Poland.

Artillery[edit]

Air defence[edit]

  • Sweden RBS 70 short-range man-portable air-defence system (MANPAD).

Anti-tank weapons and grenade launchers[edit]

Assault rifles and machine guns[edit]

Pistols, shotguns and sniper rifles[edit]

Military vehicles[edit]

Name Image Origin Type Variants Quantity Notes
Main battle tank
T-54/55 T-55AM2B at Panzermuseum Munster.jpg  Poland Tank
T-55AM2
3 Used only for training
Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance
CVR(T) Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) (CVR(T)) Operating in Afghanistan MOD 45153171.jpg  United Kingdom Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance
Scimitar
Sultan
Spartan
Samson
Samaritan
123[5] (last vehicle must be delivered by 2016) All vehicles will be upgraded and overhauled. Some of them will be equipped with anti-tank guided missiles.
Armoured cars
HMMWV US Navy 060322-N-5438H-018 U.S. Army soldiers assigned to the Bravo Battery 3rd Battalion 320th Field Artillery Regiment along with Iraq Army soldiers from the 1st Battalion 1st Brigade 4th Division perform a routine patrol.jpg  United States Armoured cars 60 Some equipped with HK GMG, 50.cal.
Mercedes-Benz Mercedes-Benz G-Class of the Canadian Land Forces.JPG  Germany Armoured cars G class 50 [6]
Snatch Land Rover Land Rover Snatch-Vixen vehicle 01.jpg  United Kingdom Armoured cars
Trucks
Mercedes-Benz MB 1017.jpg  Germany Truck
MB1017
Scania Scania 93M Norwegian military.jpg  Sweden Truck
P93
NM154
192[7]
Light vehicles
Mercedes-Benz Puch G Bundesheer.jpg  Germany SUV
240GD
300GDN
Volvo 13bil.jpg  Sweden SUV
C303
C304
C306
Chevrolet Lithuanian M1008 CUCV.jpg  United States SUV
M1009
Special vehicles
Bv 206 Hagglunds Bv206 25th US Marines 2.jpg  Sweden Amphibious tracked vehicle
Bv 206A
Bv 206F
Motorcycles
Husqvarna Husqvarna enduro.JPG  Sweden Motorcycles

Rank structure[8][edit]

The rank structure of the Latvian army is adjusted to the rank structure of the NATO.

Officers of the Latvian Army
Generals Officers
Rank insignia LV-Army-OF8.png LV-Army-OF7.png LV-Army-OF6.png LV-Army-OF5.png LV-Army-OF4.png LV-Army-OF3.png LV-Army-OF2.png LV-Army-OF1a.png LV-Army-OF1b.png
Rank Lieutenant General
Ģenerālleitnants
Major General
Ģenerālmajors
Brigadier General
Brigādes Ģenerālis
Colonel
Pulkvedis
Lieutenant Colonel
Pulkvežleitnants
Major
Majors
Captain
Kapteinis
First Lieutenant
Virsleitnants
Second Lieutenant
Leitnants
NATO Rank Grade OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
Non-Commissioned Officers of the Latvian army
Sergeants Privates
Rank insignia LV-Army-OR9.png LV-Army-OR8.png LV-Army-OR7.png LV-Army-OR6.png LV-Army-OR5.png LV-Army-OR4.png LV-Army-OR3.png LV-Army-OR1.png
Rank Senior Warrant Officer
Augstākais virsseržants
Warrant Officer
Galvenais virsseržants
Senior Sergeant
Štāba virsseržants
Sergeant First Class
Virsseržants
Sergeant
Seržants
Corporal
Kaprālis
Private First Class
Dižkareivis
Private
Kareivis
NATO Rank Grade OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-1


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.eda.europa.eu/info-hub/defence-data-portal/Latvia/year/2012
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://www.mil.lv/Operacijas.aspx
  4. ^ https://peaveeb.vm.ee/?q=en/node/15617
  5. ^ https://www.gov.uk/government/news/latvian-army-purchases-uk-armoured-combat-vehicles/
  6. ^ http://www.sargs.lv/Zinas/Military_News/2014/11/12-02.aspx
  7. ^ http://www.sargs.lv/Zinas/Military_News/2014/11/12-02.aspx
  8. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/latvia_latvian_army_military_ranks_uniforms_combat/latvia_latvian_army_ranks_military_combat_field_uniforms_dress_grades_uniformes_combat_armee_lettone.html