National Library of Latvia
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Latvian Wikipedia. (January 2011)|
|National Library of Latvia
Latvijas Nacionālā bibliotēka
|Established||August 29, 1919|
|Location||8 buildings in Riga, Latvia|
|Size||4.1 million books and other publications|
The National Library of Latvia (NLL) (Latvian: Latvijas Nacionālā bibliotēka (LNB)) is the legal deposit library for Latvia. It holds 4.1 million books and other publications in more than 50 languages, covering all branches of knowledge and including special collections of rare books, manuscripts, periodicals, and more. The Director of the NLL is Andris Vilks.
The National Library of Latvia was formed in 1919 after the independent Republic of Latvia was proclaimed in 1918. The first supervisor of the Library was Jānis Misiņš, a librarian and the founder of the Latvian scientific bibliography (1862–1945).
Today the Library plays an important role in the development of Latvia's information society, providing Internet access to residents and supporting research and lifelong education.
One of the characteristic cornerstones of the NLL, which characterizes every national library, is the formation of the collection of national literature, its eternal storage and long-term access.
The NLL is a centre of theoretical research and practical analyses of the activities of Latvian libraries. The Library carries out the functions of the centre of Latvia Interlibrary Loan, ensures the library and information service to the Parliament of the Republic of Latvia - the Saeima, implements the standardisation of the branch. Since the very outset, its main concern has been the national bibliography. The massive union catalogue “Ancient Prints in Latvian 1525 -1855 ”(published in Riga, 1999), received Spīdola Prize in 2000 and was awarded “The Beautiful Book of the Year 99”.
In 2005 “The Index of the Authors of Letonica Books (1523-1919)” was published, providing information about versatile branches of science and representatives of various nations, Latvia being the main focus of their publications.
The NLL includes several collections of posters (artists Oskars Šteinbergs (1882–1937), Sigismuds Vidbergs (1890–1970), Raoul Dufy (1877–1953), Bernhard Borchert (1863–1945), Niklavs Strunke (1894–1966) and others). 
Digitising collections at the NLL started in 1999. At present the Latvian National Digital Library Letonica, which was formed in 2006, holds digitized collections of newspapers, pictures, maps, books, sheet-music and audio recordings. In 2008 NLL launched two major digital projects. Periodika.lv is the NLL's collection of digitized historical periodicals in Latvian with the possibility to read full texts and search page by page. Latvia has a tradition of Song and Dance Festivals organized every four years. The historical materials from the first Song Festival in 1864 till the Latgale Song Festival in 1940 can be explored in another digital collection of the National Library of Latvia.
On May 15, 2008, after discussions lasting for many years, the state agency Three New Brothers and The Union of National Construction Companies signed the contract on the construction of the new National Library of Latvia. One of the notable architects is Gunārs Birkerts. It will open its doors to visitors in 2014. The first discussions about the need for a new National Library had already started in 1928, and the significance of the project of this century was further confirmed by the high-level international recognition. In 1999 almost all 170 UNESCO member states during its General Conference adopted a resolution, calling the member states and the international community to ensure all possible support for the implementation of the NLL project.
- List of national libraries
- Latvian ISBN Agency
- National Library of Latvia participates in the WorldWideScience global science gateway.
- "About collection of NLL". lnb.lv. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Treasures of the National Library of Latvia". theeuropeanlibrary.org. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- "Latvijas Nacionālā digitālā bibliotēka" (in Latvian). periodika.lv. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
- "Latviešu Dziesmu svētki (1864–1940)" (in Latvian). lndb.lv. Retrieved 2008-09-02.
- "Resolution 38 adopted at the 30th session of the UNESCO General Conference".
- Official site of the National Library of Latvia
- Project of the new building of the NLL
- Friends of the National Library of Latvia
- Message to the future readers
- Live from the construction site
- World Wide Science