Latvian cuisine has been influenced by neighboring countries in the Baltic region. Common ingredients in Latvian recipes are found locally, such as potatoes, wheat, barley, cabbage, onions, eggs and pork. Latvian food is generally quite fatty, and uses few spices.
Contemporary Latvians usually eat three meals a day. Breakfast is normally light and usually consists of sandwiches or an omelette, with a drink, often milk. Lunch is eaten from noon to 3 p.m. and tends to be the main meal of the day; as such it can include a variety of foods, and sometimes also soup as an entrée and a dessert. Supper is the last meal of the day, with some choosing to eat another large meal. Consumption of ready-made or frozen meals is now common.
Common foods and dishes
Potatoes and meat are generally considered staple food of Latvians. Soups are commonly made with vegetables and broth or milk. Noodle soup, beet soup and sorrel soup are also consumed by Latvians.
A traditional Latvian cheese that is in the picture to the right, is Jāņu siers (caraway cheese); this is traditionally served during the celebration of Jāņi or midsummer. There is also a Latvian version of the smorgasbord, Aukstais galds. Latvia has an original version of pīrāgi, which are baked. Kvass is often considered as a traditional Latvian drink, however it is quite popular in neighboring countries as well, and it is hard to establish its origin. Popular alcoholic beverages are beer, vodka and balzam.
Some traditional dishes:
- boiled potatoes with kwark
- oat and pea kissels
- grey peas with salted pork fat (fatback)
- siļķu pudiņš (casserole made from herring and boiled potatoes)
- sklandrausis (sklandu rausis)
- asins pankūkas (pancakes made from blood)
- maizes zupa (sweet bread soup)
- cold soups
- blood sausage
- "Latvian Cuisine." Latvian Institute. Accessed September 2011.
- "The Cuisine of Latvia". Latvijas Institūts. 2004. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- "Typical Latvian Food and Drink Recipes." Li.lv. Accessed September 2011.
- "Latvian cooking traditions and eating customs." Latvian Institute. Accessed September 2011.
- BBC - Eurovision Song Contest - Guide to Latvia, BBC[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Cuisine of Latvia.|
- Latvian cuisine by Latvian Institute
- Latvian Cuisine (en)
- Latvian Cooking, recipes for pork aspic and pīrāgi (speķa rauši)
- Latvian food
- Photo of Kliņģers