Latvian parliamentary election, 1928

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Parliamentary elections were held in Latvia on 6 and 7 October 1928.[1] The Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party remained the largest party, winning 25 of the 100 seats.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

For the elections the country was divided into five constituencies, electing a total of 100 MPs using proportional representation (an increase from 97), with the three seats that had previously been awarded to the parties with the highest vote totals that had failed to win a seat in any of the five constituencies were scrapped.[3]

The list system used was made flexible, as voters were able to cross out candidates' names and replace them with names from other lists,[3] a system 32% of voters took advantage of.[3] Whilst previously parties needed only collect 100 signatures to register for an election,[4] the system was changed for this election, with a deposit of 1,000 lats introduced, which was only refunded if parties won a seat.[3] Combined with the scrapping of the three compensatory seats, this had the effect of reducing the number of registering parties, which fell from 141 to 120.[4] Of the 120, only 66 contested the election.[4]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party 226,340 24.3 25 –7
Latvian Farmers' Union 139,173 15.0 16 0
Latgalian Christian Peasant and Catholic Party 57,336 6.2 6 +1
Left Trade Unions 52,136 5.6 5 New
Committee of the German Baltic Parties 43,352 4.7 6 +2
New Farmers-Small Landowners Party 37,435 4.0 4 +1
Latgalian Progressive Party 29,449 3.2 3 +1
Latgalian Farmer-Labour Party 25,902 2.8 3 +1
Christian National Union 25,254 2.7 4 +2
Independent Socialists 22,570 2.4 2 New
National Union 20,978 2.3 2 –1
United List of Old Believers 18,150 2.0 2 0
Democratic Centre 17,604 1.9 3 –2
Party of the Orthodox 17,006 1.8 2 0
Polish-Catholic Latvian Union of Poles 16,197 1.7 2 0
Mizrachi 15,145 1.6 2 +1
Party for Peace and Order 14,736 1.6 1 –1
Russian Public Workers' Association 14,592 1.6 2 +1
Party of Former Money Depositors 14,096 1.5 1 New
Latvian Work Union 12,820 1.4 1 +1
Union of Social Democrats – Mensheviks and Rural Workers 11,774 1.3 2 –2
Agudas Israel 9,827 1.1 1 –1
New Farmers' Union 7,545 0.8 0 –3
Zionist Party 7,529 0.8 1 0
National People's Association 7,213 0.8 0 New
Women's Union 6,443 0.7 0 0
Latgalian Social Democrats 6,327 0.7 1 New
Latgalian Latvian Union 5,853 0.6 1 New
Economic Centre, Dischargees, Traders and Industrialists' List 5,656 0.6 0 New
Bund 5,302 0.6 1 0
Radical Democrats 5,247 0.6 0 New
Economic Association 5,179 0.6 0 New
Union of Christian and Working People 4,484 0.5 1 +1
United Farmers 4,346 0.5 0 New
Association of Russian Farmers 3,976 0.4 0 New
Jewish Democratic Bloc 2,496 0.3 0 New
List of Lithuanians and Catholics 2,268 0.2 0 New
Latgalian Russian Small and Landless Farmers' List 2,068 0.2 0 New
Independent Farmers of Latgale and Workers' List 1,922 0.2 0 New
Orthodox and Public Workers' List 1,535 0.2 0 New
People's Work Party List 1,232 0.1 0 New
People's Rights and Health Defenders List 723 0.1 0 New
Jewish Economic Bloc 667 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 7,324
Total 937,207 100 100 0
Registered voters/turnout 1,182,426 79.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1122 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1143
  3. ^ a b c d Nohlen & Stöver, p1113
  4. ^ a b c Nohlen & Stöver, p1105