Laufen, Germany

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Laufen
Coat of arms of Laufen
Coat of arms
Laufen is located in Germany
Laufen
Laufen
Coordinates: 47°56′N 12°56′E / 47.933°N 12.933°E / 47.933; 12.933Coordinates: 47°56′N 12°56′E / 47.933°N 12.933°E / 47.933; 12.933
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Oberbayern
District Berchtesgadener Land
Subdivisions 74 Gemeindeteile
Government
 • Mayor Ludwig Herzog
Area
 • Total 35.31 km2 (13.63 sq mi)
Elevation 394-412 m (−958 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,869
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 83410
Dialling codes 08682
Vehicle registration BGL (until 1972 LF)
Website www.stadtlaufen.de
For the Swiss municipality, see Laufen, Basel-Country.

Laufen is a municipality on the southeastern border of Bavaria with Austria.

History[edit]

Bridge from Oberndorf to Laufen
Pedestrian bridge connecting Laufen with its former suburb Altach (Oberndorf)

It was first mentioned in a deed of 748. The rapids that gave the town the name (Laufen = rapid running waters) were also responsible for the town's wealth from the salt trade. Small boats that transported the extremely valuable cargo from the rapids north of Salzburg were reloaded at Laufen to larger boats by privilege of the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg. When the independent principality was finally divided in 1816 between the Bavarian kingdom and the Habsburg Empire in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars, the town was split into a Bavarian part carrying the name of Laufen and into an Austrian town (the former Laufen suburbs on the right hand side of the river) by the name of Oberndorf. With the building of railways by the middle of the 19th century the transport of salt on the river Salzach came to an end, taking away the former source of wealth. A number of floods devastated both towns by the end of the century. The flood of 1899 destroyed the old bridge. A new iron bridge was built in a safer place up the river and opened jointly by the King of Bavaria and the Austrian Emperor in 1903.

Laufen Castle is a square-shaped 15th-century castle that was built for the Archbishop of Salzburg. It overlooks the Salzach river. During World War II the castle was used first as a prisoner-of-war camp for officers, Oflag VII-C. Then In May 1942 the officers were transferred to another camp, and the castle was used as an internment camp Ilag VII housing some hundreds of men deported from the Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey and some American civilians that had been caught in Europe by the declaration of war by Germany on the United States on 11 December 1941. (See Ilag#Ilag VII Laufen and Tittmoning.)

International relations[edit]

Laufen, Germany is twinned with:

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]