Laughter on the 23rd Floor
Laughter on the 23rd Floor is a play by Neil Simon.
Inspired by Simon's early career experience as a junior writer (along with his brother Danny) for Your Show of Shows, the play focuses on Sid Caesar-like Max Prince, the star of a weekly comedy-variety show circa 1953, and his staff, including Simon's alter-ego Lucas Brickman, who maintains a running commentary on the writing, fighting, and wacky antics which take place in the writers' room. Max has an ongoing battle with NBC executives, who fear his humor is too sophisticated for Middle America.
The work is a roman à clef, with the characters in the play based on Neil Simon's co-writers on Your Show Of Shows. Lloyd Rose, in her Washington Post review, noted several of the real-life inspirations: the "Sid Caesar-inspired Max Prince", "hypochondriac Ira (played by Ron Orbach, inspired by Mel Brooks)", "dryly witty, sane Kenny (John Slattery, inspired by Larry Gelbart and Carl Reiner)", and "fussy Russian emigre Val (Mark Linn-Baker, inspired by Mel Tolkin)....There is no character based on Woody Allen." Woody Allen is often misattributed to the Ira Stone character, as the character in the play is a hypochondriac and Allen went on to use that affectation to great effect in his own comedy career. However, in actuality Simon was poking fun at Mel Brooks. The real-life counterparts for each character are:
|Lucas Brickman||Neil Simon|
|Max Prince||Sid Caesar|
|Kenny Franks||Larry Gelbart|
|Val Slotsky||Mel Tolkin|
|Brian Doyle||Tony Webster|
|Milt Fields||Sheldon Keller|
|Carol Wyman||Lucille Kallen|
|Ira Stone||Mel Brooks|
|Harry Prince||Dave Caesar (Sid's brother)|
Laughter on the 23rd Floor opened on Broadway at the Richard Rodgers Theatre on November 22, 1993and closed on August 27, 1994 after 320 performances and 24 previews. Directed by Jerry Zaks the cast featured Nathan Lane (Max), Ron Orbach (Ira), Randy Graff (Carol), Mark Linn-Baker (Val), Bitty Schram (Helen), J. K. Simmons (Brian), and Lewis J. Stadlen (Milt). The play was first performed at Duke University. Stephen Mailer played Simon's young stand-in Lucas. According to The San Francisco Chronicle, "Simon has identified the sources for his characters -- Mel Tolkin for the Russian emigre Val, Mel Brooks for Ira, Larry Gelbart and Carl Reiner for Kenny."
In April and May, 2011, Laughter on the 23rd Floor received a newly conceived production in Philadelphia at 1812 Productions. This production took place in repertory with an original comedy, Our Show of Shows, an homage to Sid Caesar's Your Show of Shows. This was the first time Laughter on the 23rd Floor was presented with a companion piece. Neil Simon and Sid Caesar both gave their personal approval for this repertory production, and Eddy Friedfeld, co-author of Sid Caesar's autobiography, Caesar's Hours, served as the dramaturg for both shows. Of the companion piece, Our Show of Shows, Sid Caesar wrote, “To the superb cast and crew of 1812 Productions: Thank you for keeping my legacy alive.”
Why the 23rd Floor?
According to Simon, Sid Caesar's writers on the original Your Show of Shows (including Neil Simon and his older brother Danny Simon) held their script sessions at various times on the eleventh and the twelfth floors of an NBC-TV office building; Simon added those numbers together to put his fictional cast on the 23rd floor.
Lane repeated his role for the 2001 television movie written by Simon and directed by Richard Benjamin. The cast included Nathan Lane, Saul Rubinek, Victor Garber, Peri Gilpin, Mark Linn-Baker and Dan Castellaneta.
- Rose, Lloyd. "Theater;'Laughter' Comes Easy. Too Easy", The Washington Post, November 23, 1993, p.B1
- Kevin Pollak's Chat Show: Paul Provenza/Rick Overton #69. Retrieved 2011-01-07. "Provenza states at 40:16 that he was originally cast to play the Mel Brooks character and wanted to meet with him during the rehearsal process."
- Simon, Neil. Script, 'Laughter on the 23rd Floor'" Laughter on the 23rd Floor (1995) (books.google.com), ISBN 0-573-69414-1, pp. 5-6
- Gerard, Jeremy. "Variety Reviews. 'Laughter on the 23rd Floor'" Variety, November 23, 1993
- " Laughter on the 23rd Floor Listing" Internet Broadway Database, accessed April 12, 2012
- "Theater Studies History" Duke University.edu, accessed April 12, 2012
- Winn, Steven. "Neil Simon's Tribute To TV's Golden Age", The San Francisco Chronicle, November 25, 1993, p.E1
- Kevin Pollak's Chat Show: Paul Provenza/Rick Overton #69. Retrieved 2011-01-07. "Provenza states at 41:50 that he had been in rehearsals but ultimately fired from the production."
- Benedict, David. " 'Laughter on the 23rd Floor': Queen's Theatre" Independent (London), October 8, 1996
- 1812 Productions presents Laughter on the 23rd Floor and Our Show of Shows in repertory" theatrealliance.org, March 4, 2011
- Laughter on the 23rd Floor Internet Movie Database, accessed April 12, 2012
- " 'Laughter On The 23rd Floor' (2001)" The New York Times, accessed April 14, 2012
- Laughter on the 23rd Floor at the Internet Broadway Database
- Laughter on the 23rd Floor at the Internet Movie Database