Laura (Giorgione)

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Portrait of a Young Bride (Laura)
Giorgione - Young Woman (“Laura”) - Google Art Project.jpg
Artist Giorgione
Year c. 1506
Type Oil on canvas transferred from panel
Dimensions 41 cm × 33.5 cm (16 in × 13.2 in)
Location Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Laura, formerly sometimes known as Portrait of a Young Bride, is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Giorgione, c. 1506. It is in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria.

The portrait depicts a young woman as a bride; most probably her name was Laura. Like Giorgione's other works, it is unsigned, but it is one of the less controversial attributions to Giorgione. An inscription on the reverse, accepted as early 16th-century, identifies Giorgione as the painter and provides the date, making this the only work by the artist bearing a reliable date.[1] Behind the young woman is a branch of laurel (Laurus), symbol of chastity, and carrying the nuptial veil. The gesture of opening the fur mantle uncovers the bosom. This may indicate fecundity (and, therefore, maternity) as an offer of love and a marriage blessed with children. As the laurel symbolized virtue, so the visible breast could symbolize the bride's conjugal fidelity.[2] It is only from the prudish perspective of the nineteenth or early twentieth century that the baring of a breast would be viewed as meretricious. In the sixteenth century, nudity did not provoke disapproval, but was shown publicly and uninhibitedly. This painting, too, was publicly shown, probably by a proud noble who wished to celebrate his bride's attractiveness - her full build was entirely in keeping with contemporary Venetian ideals of beauty - as well as her virtue and chastity. The laurel was considered a symbol of virtue, as seen in Lorenzo de' Medici's "impresa", where it was accompanied by the motto: "Ita ut virtus". The veil wound about her shoulders and upper body is a bridal veil, and her bared right breast alludes to the proverbial chastity of the Amazons, who, according to antique legend, tolerated men only as a means of sexual reproduction, not, however, as a means of sexual gratification. Since contemporary morality permitted sexual reproduction only withinthe institution of marriage, the allusion to the Amazons implied a wife's commitment to conjugal fidelity.

Alternatively, the figure might show a courtesan—certainly many of the paintings in the Venetian tradition the Laura inspired were of figures to be read as courtesans, often posing as a mythological figure or the personification of an abstract quality.[3]

This work marked Giorgione's abandonment of Giovanni Bellini's models to embrace a Leonardesque style.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, et al., 2006, p. 42
  2. ^ "Schneider.The-Art-of-the-Portrait-2002, Giorgione: Portrait of a Young Lady ("Laura")". www.google.se. Retrieved September 2014. 
  3. ^ Brown, et al., 2006, pp. 208-210

References[edit]

  • Brown, D. A., Ferino Pagden, S., Anderson, J., & Berrie, B. H. (2006). Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, and the Renaissance of Venetian painting (Washington: National Gallery of Art). ISBN 0-300-11677-2

External links[edit]