Laura Poitras in 2014
|Alma mater||The New School (B.A., 1996)|
Poitras has received numerous awards for her work. Her documentary, My Country, My Country was nominated for an Academy Award. She won the 2013 George Polk Award for "national security reporting" related to the NSA disclosures. The NSA reporting by Poitras, Glenn Greenwald, Ewen MacAskill, and Barton Gellman contributed to the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service awarded jointly to The Guardian and The Washington Post.
Laura Poitras is daughter of Patricia "Pat" Poitras and James "Jim" Poitras, founders of The Poitras Center for Affective Disorders Research at McGovern Institute for Brain Research, part of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her sisters are Christine Poitras, ESL teacher, and Jennifer Poitras, Disaster Response Planner and Consultant.
After finishing high school, Poitras moved to San Francisco to take classes at the San Francisco Art Institute, where she studied with experimental filmmaker Ernie Gehr. In 1992, Poitras moved to New York to pursue filmmaking. She graduated from The New School for Public Engagement in 1996.
Laura Poitras co-directed, produced, and shot her 2003 documentary, Flag Wars, about gentrification in Columbus, Ohio. It received a Peabody Award, Best Documentary at both the 2003 South by Southwest (SXSW) film festival and the Seattle Lesbian & Gay Film Festival, and the Filmmaker Award at the Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. The film also launched the 2003 PBS POV series. It was nominated for a 2004 Independent Spirit Award and a 2004 Emmy Award.
Poitras' other films include Oh say can you see... (2003) and Exact Fantasy (1995). Her 2006 film My Country, My Country about life for Iraqis under U.S. occupation was nominated for an Academy Award. Her 2010 film The Oath, about two Yemenis men caught up in America's War on Terror, won the Excellence in Cinematography Award for U.S. Documentary at the 2010 Sundance film festival. The two films are part of a trilogy. The third part will focus on how the War on Terror increasingly focuses on Americans through surveillance, covert activities and attacks on whistleblowers.
On August 22, 2012, in a forum of short documentaries produced by independent filmmakers, The New York Times published an "Op-doc" produced by Poitras entitled The Program. It is preliminary work that will be included in a documentary planned for release as the final part of the trilogy. The documentary is based on interviews with William Binney, a 32-year veteran of the National Security Agency, who became a whistleblower and described the details of the Stellar Wind project that he helped to design. He states that the program he worked on had been designed for foreign espionage, but was converted in 2001 to spying on citizens in the United States, prompting concerns by him and others that the actions were illegal and unconstitutional and that led to their disclosures.
The Program implies that a facility being built at Bluffdale, Utah is part of domestic surveillance, intended for storage of massive amounts of data collected from a broad range of communications that may be mined readily for intelligence without warrants. Poitras reported that on October 29, 2012 the United States Supreme Court would hear arguments regarding the constitutionality of the amendments to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act that were used to authorize the creation of such facilities and justify such actions.
Poitras has been subject to monitoring by the US Government. After completing My Country, My Country, Poitras claims, "I've been placed on the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) watch list" and have been notified by airport security "that my 'threat rating' was the highest the Department of Homeland Security assigns". She says her work has been hampered by constant harassment by border agents during more than three dozen border crossings into and out of the United States. She has been detained for hours and interrogated and agents have seized her computer, cell phone and reporters notes and not returned them for weeks. Once she was threatened with being refused entry back into the United States. In response to a Glenn Greenwald article about this, a group of film directors started a petition to protest the government's actions against her. In April 2012 Poitras was interviewed about surveillance on Democracy Now! and called elected leaders' behavior "shameful."
Global surveillance disclosures
In 2013 Poitras was one of the initial three journalists to meet Edward Snowden in Hong Kong and to receive copies of the leaked NSA documents. Poitras and journalist Glenn Greenwald are the only two people with full archives of the NSA, according to Greenwald.
Poitras helped to produce stories exposing previously secret U.S. intelligence activities, which earned her the 2013 Polk award and contributed to the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service awarded jointly to The Guardian and The Washington Post. She later worked with Jacob Appelbaum and writers and editors at Der Spiegel to cover disclosures about mass surveillance, particularly those relating to NSA activity in Germany.
In October 2013 Poitras joined with reporters Glenn Greenwald and Jeremy Scahill to establish an on-line investigative journalism publishing venture funded by eBay billionaire Pierre Omidyar. Omidyar's "concern about press freedoms in the US and around the world" sparked the idea for the new media outlet. The first publication from that group, a digital magazine called The Intercept, launched on 10 February 2014. Poitras, Greenwald, and Scahill all serve as editors.
On March 21, 2014, Poitras joined Glenn Greenwald and Barton Gellman via Skype on a panel at the Sources and Secrets Conference to discuss the legal and professional threats to journalists covering national security surveillance and whistleblower stories, like that of Edward Snowden. Poitras was asked if she would hazard an entry into the United States and she responded that she planned to attend an April 11 event, regardless of the legal or professional threats posed by US authorities. Poitras and Greenwald returned to the US to receive their awards unimpeded.
In May 2014, Poitras was reunited with Edward Snowden in Moscow along with journalist Glenn Greenwald.
1971 is a documentary film co-produced by Laura Poitras. The film, about the 1971 Media, Pennsylvania raid of FBI offices, premiered at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 18, 2014.
In September 2014, the Associated Press reported that CITIZENFOUR, a documentary about Edward Snowden, would premiere on October 10 at the New York Film Festival. Earlier that year, Poitras told the AP she was editing the film in Berlin because she feared her source material would be seized by the government inside the U.S.
- In February 2010 Poitras won the "True Vision Award" at the True/False Film Festival for filmmakers whose work shows a dedication to the creative advancement of the art of nonfiction film making
- In spring 2012 Poitras took an active part in the three-month exposition of Whitney Biennial exhibition of contemporary American art
- On October 2, 2012, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation announced that Poitras was awarded the "Genius Grant", becoming one of 23 MacArthur Fellows for 2012
- The Electronic Frontier Foundation named her one of four recipients of its Pioneer Award in 2013
- In 2013 Poitras has been awarded the George Polk Award for National Security Reporting with Glenn Greenwald and Ewen MacAskill
- In April 2014 she was awarded the Ridenhour Truth-Telling Prize together with Edward Snowden
- The NSA reporting on which she worked, along with Barton Gellman, Glenn Greenwald and Ewen MacAskill, won the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service, which was awarded to The Washington Post and The Guardian. Poitras was bylined in both publications.
- On 16 May 2014, she was awarded the Henri Nannen Award by Gruner + Jahr and Stern for her "selfless struggle for truth and the freedom of information and the press."
- Suzanna Andrews, Bryan Burrough & Sarah Ellison (May 2014). "The Snowden Saga: A Shadowland of Secrets and Light". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2014-08-11.
- "The inside story". The National. February 17, 2010. Archived from the original on February 19, 2010.
- ZEIT ONLINE GmbH, Hamburg, Germany (August 19, 2013). "NSA-Affäre: Die Berliner Snowden-Connection". ZEIT ONLINE. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "A Pulitzer triumph: Snowden reporting wins journalism’s top prize". Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- "Greenwald, Poitras, Gellman, MacAskill: key in NSA coverage". Phys.org. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Guardian and Washington Post win Pulitzer prize for NSA revelations". Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- Mirkinson, Jack. "The Pulitzer Prizes Just Demolished The Idea That Edward Snowden Is A Traitor". Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Filmmaker Laura Poitras' Work Rewarded With a Pulitzer Prize". Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Karagianis, Liz (Spring 2008). "Fulfilling a Dream". MIT Spectrum. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Krasny, Michael (2014-10-21). "'Citizenfour' Tells the Story of NSA Whistleblower Edward Snowden". Forum (Podcast). San Francisco: KQED-FM. Retrieved 2014-10-21.
- Maass, Peter (August 18, 2013). "How Laura Poitras Helped Snowden Spill His Secrets". NYTimes. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
- "LAURA POITRAS: SECRET NO LONGER". Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- "The Oath Honored at the Sundance Film Festival". Beyond the Box. October 20, 2001. Archived from the original on February 19, 2010.
- Poitras, Laura, The Program, New York Times Op-Docs, August 22, 2012
- Poitras, Laura (2012-08-29). Op-Docs, ed. "NSA Whistle-Blower Tells All: The Program". Uploaded by The New York Times via YouTube. Retrieved 2014-10-21. "The filmmaker Laura Poitras profiles William Binney, a 32-year veteran of the National Security Agency who helped design a top-secret program he says is broadly collecting Americans' personal data."
- "My Country, My Country. Film Synopsis". PBS. Retrieved May 27, 2007.
- Glenn Greenwald, U.S. filmmaker repeatedly detained at border, Salon, April 8, 2012.
- Mike Flemming, Documentary Directors Protest Homeland Security Treatment Of Helmer Laura Poitras, Deadline.com, April 9, 2012.
- More Secrets on Growing State Surveillance: Exclusive Part 2 with NSA Whistleblower, Targeted Hacker, Democracy Now, video and transcript, April 23, 2012.
- "How Laura Poitras Helped Snowden To Spill The Beans". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- patty. "Edward Snowden Evolved From Gaming Geek to Conscientious Whistleblower". Truthout. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Boadle, Anthony (August 7, 2013). "New U.S. spying revelations coming from Snowden leaks -journalist". Reuters UK. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- John Lubbock (October 2013), Jacob Appelbaum's Utopia Vice: Motherboard
- Embassy Espionage: The NSA's Secret Spy Hub in Berlin Der Spiegel October 27, 2013
- Peter Walker. "Edward Snowden broadcasts Channel 4's alternative Christmas Day message". the Guardian. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Alternative Christmas Message". Channel4.com. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- '"There is a War on Journalism": on NSA Leaks & New Investigative Reporting Venture', Democracy Now!, 5 December 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- 'Pierre Omidyar commits $250m to new media venture with Glenn Greenwald', The Guardian, 16 October 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- Russell, Jon (10 February 2014). "The Intercept, the first online publication from eBay founder Pierre Omidyar, is now live". The Next Web. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- "“Sources and Secrets: A Conference on the Press, the Government and National Security” The Times Center presented by the George Polk Awards and hosted by The New York Times, in cooperation with CUNY TV, the Media Law Resource Center, and the Media Law Resource Center Institute. C-Span. New York, New York". C-span.org. 2014-03-21. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- "VIDEO: Laura Poitras & Glenn Greenwald Back in U.S. for First Time Since Breaking NSA-Snowden Story". Democracy Now. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Journalists Who Broke News on N.S.A. Surveillance Return to the U.S.". NYT. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Glenn Greenwald, Edward Snowden And Laura Poitras Reunite For A Selfie In Moscow". Huffington Post. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Benzine, Adam (20 January 2014). "Laura Poitras backs FBI break-in doc". Realscreen. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- "Snowden Documentary to Premiere at NY Festival". ABC News. Associated Press. July 1, 2013.
- Jonathon Braden (February 28, 2010). "Picturing a better vision". Columbia Tribune. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- Roberta Smith (March 1, 2012). "A Survey of a Different Color 2012 Whitney Biennial". NY Times. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Felicia R. Lee (October 1, 2012). "Surprise Grants Transforming 23 More Lives". New York Times. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
- "Laura Poitras - MacArthur Foundation". Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "EFF Pioneer Awards 2013". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- "2013 GEORGE POLK AWARD WINNERS". Long Island University. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- Ridenhour Prizes. "The Ridenhour Prizes - Fostering the spirit of courage and truth". Ridenhour.org. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Snowden-leaked NSA reports earn Pulitzer". Australian. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "Glenn Greenwald Reacts To Pulitzer Prize". The Huffington Post. April 20, 2014. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "Guardian and Washington Post win Pulitzer prize for NSA revelations" (Press release). Theguardian.com. 2014-04-14. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "Henri Nannen Award for Efforts for Independence of the Press". Bertelsmann.com. Bertelsmann. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Laura Poitras.|
- Praxis Films which distributes Laura Poitras films
- Websites for Laura Poitras' films: My Country, My country, The Oath
- Detained in the US: Filmmaker Laura Poitras Held, Questioned Some 40 Times at US Airports, Democracy Now!, April 20, 2012.
- The Program, by Laura Poitras, New York Times, August 22, 2012.
- Laura Poitras & Glenn Greenwald Back in U.S. for First Time Since Breaking NSA-Snowden Story (video), Democracy Now!, April 11, 2014
- Laura Poitras at IMDB