Laure Manaudou

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Laure Manaudou
Laure Manaudou dsc03674.jpg
Laure Manaudou in 2005
Personal information
Full name Laure Manaudou
Nationality  France
Born (1986-10-09) 9 October 1986 (age 27)
Villeurbanne, France
Height 1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)
Weight 64 kg (141 lb; 10.1 st)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Freestyle, backstroke

Laure Manaudou (French pronunciation: ​[lɔʁ manodu]; born 9 October 1986 in Villeurbanne, Rhône) is retired[4] a French Olympic, world and European champion swimmer. She has held the world record in freestyle events between 200 and 1500 meter. She is the daughter of a French father and a Dutch mother and the older sister of Florent Manaudou who is also an Olympic gold medalist swimmer.

2004 Olympics[edit]

She won the gold medal in the women's 400 meter freestyle at the 2004 Athens Olympics. It was France's first gold medal ever in women's swimming and the first swimming gold medal won by a French athlete since Jean Boiteux's victory in the 400 meter men's freestyle event at Helsinki in 1952. Manaudou won the silver medal in the women's 800 meter freestyle at the Athens Olympics. In that race, she had a quick start but was passed down the stretch by Ai Shibata of Japan. She also won the bronze medal in the women's 100 meter backstroke, thus becoming only the second Frenchwoman to win three medals in a single Olympic Games, Summer or Winter. The first one was the track and field athlete Micheline Ostermeyer in London in 1948. Manaudou was by far the best swimmer on the French team, but she did not have the team support to win a medal in the women's 4×200 m freestyle relay.[citation needed]

Manaudou is currently tied for third (three medals altogether) on the all-time list of French multiple female Winter or Summer Olympic medal winners along with Micheline Ostermeyer, Marielle Goitschel, Pascale Trinquet-Hachin, Perrine Pelen, Anne Briand-Bouthiaux, Marie-José Pérec, Félicia Ballanger and Camille Muffat. The all-time leader is the fencer Laura Flessel-Colovic, who has five Olympic medals.

2004 European Swimming Championships[edit]

Laure Manaudou won three gold medals at the 2004 European Swimming Championships in Madrid, Spain, in the 100 metre backstroke, 400 metre freestyle, and the 4×100 metre medley relay.

2005 World Swimming Championships[edit]

On 24 July 2005 at the 2005 World Aquatics Championships in Montreal, Canada, Manaudou won the women's 400 m freestyle. Manaudou was under world record pace for the first half of the race. In the second half of the race, Manaudou was challenged by Shibata, her rival from the Olympics. Pundits were already predicting that Manaudou would eventually eclipse the world-record mark in the 400 m freestyle set by Janet Evans at the 1988 Summer Olympics. This would happen on 12 May 2006, as she broke Evans's world record of 4:03.85 during the final of the French championship in Tours with the time of 4:03.03.

2006 European Swimming Championships and new 400 m freestyle world record[edit]

On 12 May 2006, Manaudou broke Janet Evans's world record in the women's 400 meter freestyle swim that had stood for 18 years. Manaudou then held the same world record for nearly two years.

On 6 August 2006, on the final day of the 2006 European Swimming Championships in Budapest, she broke her own world record with a time of 4:02.13 in winning the 400 m freestyle title. She also won the 800 m freestyle (in European record time), 200 m individual medley and 100 m backstroke titles. In addition, she obtained the bronze medal in the 200 m freestyle, 4×200 m team freestyle and 4×100 m team medley. With her four titles, she equalled the record of the number of individual titles won in the same European swimming championships held by East Germany's Ute Geweniger (1981) and Hungary's Krisztina Egerszegi (1993).

2007 World Swimming Championships and new 200 m freestyle world record[edit]

Manaudou broke the 200 m freestyle world record at the 2007 World Swimming Championships in Melbourne in winning the final. She also won the 400 m freestyle event. She obtained silver medals in the 100 m backstroke and the 800 m freestyle, and a bronze for 4×200 m freestyle relay. In the 100 backstroke, she became the second woman in history to swim under a minute in the event. She was leading the race in the 800 m final going into the last lap, but the American Kate Ziegler finally overtook her in the last metres to win by a margin of 28 cm. She was thus prevented from becoming the first female swimmer to win the 200 m, 400 m and 800 m freestyle titles at the same World Championships.

2008 Olympics[edit]

In the 2008 Summer Olympics, Manaudou was unable to recapture her form from the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. After starting strong and holding the lead at the 200-meter mark, she finished last (eighth) in the 400 m freestyle final with a finishing time of 4:11.26. After the defeat Manaudou admitted giving up during the race after struggling to keep up.[5] She then finished seventh in the 100 m backstroke final. In her final hope for a medal, in the 200 m backstroke, she finished last in her semifinal heat and was eliminated.

Retirement and comeback[edit]

On 17 September 2009, at 22 years of age, Manaudou announced through the newspaper Le Parisien her retirement from competitive swimming.[6] She was quoted as saying, "It came to me little by little. I didn’t make it on impulse. It has matured slowly.”[7] In October 2010, she returned to training in the United States with the Auburn University Tigers swim team. She made her return to competition on July 14, 2011 in Tigers colours at a small swimming meet in Athens, Georgia in the United States, where she set a personal record in the 50 m freestyle event (25.84 s).[8]

2012 Olympics[edit]

Manaudou competed in the 2012 Summer Olympics in three events - 100 m backstroke, 200 m backstroke, and the 4 x 100 m medley relay. She failed to advance from the first round heats in all the three events. However, she was poolside on August 3 as her younger brother Florent won a surprise victory in the men's 50 m freestyle final, and embraced him following his victory[9]

Personal life[edit]

The weekly magazine Paris Match ran a cover story on Manaudou in its 5–11 April 2007 issue.

From 2001–2007, Manaudou was coached by Philippe Lucas. She competed for the Melun-Dammarie club until 2006, when she moved to Canet-en-Roussillon.

On 9 May 2007, she announced at a press conference at the Canet-en-Roussillon swim club that she was leaving her coach Philippe Lucas to move to Italy and to train with the club Lapresse Nuoto, located in Turin. She added, however, that she would continue to swim for France.

On 6 August it was reported that Manaudou had been removed from her Italian-based team. The split is said to have been triggered by a fallout between Manaudou and LaPresse Nuoto club chief executive Paolo Penso. Penso is believed to have questioned Manaudou's attitude to training (Reuters/L'Equipe).

Manaudou won four medals in the European Championships of 2007, despite reported conflicts between her and Luca Marin, her Italian ex-boyfriend.

The same day, lewd pictures of Laure Manaudou started to propagate on the Internet. Marin denied being the culprit.[10]

On April 2, 2010, she and her boyfriend, Frédérick Bousquet, also a world class swimmer, welcomed their first child, daughter Manon.

Accomplishments[edit]

Between June 2004 and April 2008, Manaudou remained unbeaten in the 400 metres freestyle, winning 23 finals in succession.[11]

Event Olympics Games World Championships European Championships
2004 in Athens
 Greece
2005 in Montréal
 Canada
2007 in Melbourne
 Australia
2004 in Madrid
 Spain
2006 in Budapest
 Hungary
2008 in Eindhoven
 Netherlands
Freestyle 200 m 1:55.52 WR 1:58.38
400 m 4:05.34 ER 4:06.44 4:02.61 CR 4:07.90 4:02.13 WR
800 m 8:24.96 8:18.80 ER 8:19.29 ER
4×200 m 7:55.96 NR 7:56.44 NR 7:52.09 NR
Backstroke 100 m 1:00.88 59.87 ER 1:00.93 1:00.88 1:00.05
200 m 2:07.99 NR
Medley 200 m 2:12.69
4×100 m 4:05.96 4:03.64 NR

Career best times[edit]

  • 200 m freestyle: 1.55.52
  • 400 m freestyle: 4:02.13
  • 800 m freestyle: 8:18.80
  • 100 m backstroke: 59.50
  • 200 m backstroke: 2:06.64

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2004 Olympic Games swimming results". CNN. Retrieved 2007-07-22. 
  2. ^ "Montreal 2005 Results". Archived from the original on 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2007-06-09. 
  3. ^ "12th FINA World Championships". Archived from the original on 2007-06-06. Retrieved 2007-06-09. 
  4. ^ http://www.swimvortex.com/in-love-with-life-again-laure-manaudou-turns-a-leaf-with-new-man-new-suits/
  5. ^ "Tearful Manaudou ponders future". BBC News. 12 August 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Manaudou tire sa révérence". Le Figaro. September 18, 2009. 
  7. ^ "French swimmer Manaudou retires". Associated Press. 17 September 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "Laure Manaudou". official London 2012 Olympics website. 
  9. ^ http://sports.yahoo.com/news/florent-manaudou-joins-sister-laure-230751989--oly.html
  10. ^ Manaudou-Marin, il giallo delle foto hard – La Repubblica, 17 dicembre 2007
  11. ^ "Laure Manaudou no longer a troubled swimmer". Reuters. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
East Germany Petra Schneider
Women's 1500 metre freestyle
world record holder (short course)

20 November 2004 – 12 October 2007
Succeeded by
United States Kate Ziegler
Preceded by
Japan Sachiko Yamada
Women's 800 metre freestyle
world record holder (short course)

9 December 2005 – 12 October 2007
Succeeded by
United States Kate Ziegler
Preceded by
United States Lindsay Benko
Women's 400 metre freestyle
world record holder (short course)

10 December 2005 – 8 August 2009
Succeeded by
United KingdomJoanne Jackson
Preceded by
United States Janet Evans
Women's 400 metre freestyle
world record holder (long course)

12 May 2006 – 24 March 2008
Succeeded by
Italy Federica Pellegrini
Preceded by
Italy Federica Pellegrini
Women's 200 metre freestyle
world record holder (long course)

28 March 2007 – 11 August 2008
Succeeded by
Italy Federica Pellegrini
Awards
Preceded by
Tony Parker
Ladji Doucouré
French Sportperson of the Year
2004
2006
Succeeded by
Ladji Doucouré
Sébastien Loeb & Daniel Elena
Preceded by
Poland Otylia Jędrzejczak
European Swimmer of the Year
2006–2007
Succeeded by
United Kingdom Rebecca Adlington
Preceded by
Australia Leisel Jones
World Swimmer of the Year
2007
Succeeded by
Australia Stephanie Rice