Laureate Plate of Madrid
|Laureate Plate of Madrid|
|Awarded by Second Spanish Republic|
|Established||25 May 1937|
The Laureate Plate of Madrid (Spanish: Placa Laureada de Madrid) was the highest military award for gallantry of the Second Spanish Republic. It was awarded in recognition of action, either individual or collective, to protect the nation and its citizens in the face of immediate risk to the bearer or bearers' life. Those eligible were members of the Spanish Republican Armed Forces and testimonies of reliable witnesses were checked prior to concession.
Named after the city of Madrid, the Laureate Plate of Madrid was established on 25 May 1937 as the Spanish Republican equivalent to the Royal Military Order of Saint Ferdinand awarded by the monarchy and the Francoists.
A total of 8 people were awarded this medal:
- Spanish Republican Army
- Vicente Rojo Lluch, General of the Popular Army and Chief of the General Staff
- José Miaja Menant, General of the Popular Army
- Manuel Fontela Frois, Major of the Republican Cavalry
- Domiciano Leal Sargenta and Manuel Álvarez Álvarez, Majors of the Militia for their role in the Battle of the Ebro (posthumously)
- Spanish Republican Navy
- Spanish Republican Air Force
Distintivo de Madrid
The Distintivo de Madrid (Madrid Distinction) was an award related to the Laureate Plate which was established by the Second Spanish Republic in order to reward courage.
Following the grant of the Laureate Plate of Madrid to Luis González de Ubieta, Admiral of the loyalist fleet, the Distintivo de Madrid was awarded to Spanish Republican Navy cruisers Libertad and Méndez Núñez, and destroyers Lepanto, Almirante Antequera and Sánchez Barcáiztegui, as well as to their crew members for their role in the Battle of Cape Palos. These ships would thenceforward fly a special pennant and the men would wear a special badge on their uniforms with the old coat of arms of Madrid.
- List of military decorations - Spain
- Laureate Cross of Saint Ferdinand
- Order of the Spanish Republic
- Luis Grávalos & José Luis Calvo, Condecoraciones Militares Españolas, Editorial San Martin, 1988, ISBN 8471402661
- Gaceta de la República, núm 145, a 25 de mayo de 1937.
- Diario oficial de la República, núm.11 (11 de enero de 1938)
- Diario oficial de la República, núm.164 (13 de junio de 1937)
- Diario Oficial de la República, nº 28 (28 de enero de 1938)
- Diario Oficial de la República, núm.12 (12 de enero de 1939)
- Manuel Rubio Cabeza, Diccionario de la Guerra Civil Española 1, Pág. 95. Editorial Planeta, Barcelona, 1987.
- Diario Oficial de la República, nº 47 (16 de febrero de 1938)
- Diario Oficial de la República, núm. 243 (31 de agosto de 1938)
- Second Spanish Republic 23 January 1938 Decree
- Enrique García Domingo, Recompensas republicanas por el hundimiento del Baleares, Revista de Historia Naval 1997, Año XV no. 59, pg. 70
- Reglamento de la Placa Laureada de Madrid. Gaceta de la República: Diario Oficial, núm 145, 25 de mayo de 1937:
- Placa Laureada de Madrid
- Segunda República (1931-1939)
- República - EPR, Condecoraciones