Saint Laurence Gate
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (May 2014)|
|Saint Laurence Gate|
|Former names||Great East Gate|
|Address||St. Laurence Street|
|Town or city||Drogheda|
Saint Laurence Gate is a barbican which was built in the 13th century as part of the walled fortifications of the medieval town of Drogheda, County Louth, in Ireland. The original names for Laurence Street and Saint Laurence Gate were East Street and East Gate, respectively. In the 14th century, both the street and gate were renamed because they led to the hospital of Saint Laurence, which stood close to the Cord church.
It consists of two towers, each with four floors, joined by a bridge at the top and an entrance arch at street level. Entry is gained up a flight of stairs in the south tower. There is a slot underneath the arch from where a portcullis could be raised and lowered.
Historians have wondered why such an enormous barbican was built here in the east of the town, when the main artery through the town has always been north/south. For example, a similar barbican in Canterbury is less than half the height of Saint Laurence Gate. However, from the top of the Gate, the estuary of the Boyne and the four mile stretch of river from there to Drogheda can be clearly observed. This is the only point in the town with a clear view of any potential sea invasion. This is proposed as a reason why Saint Laurance Gate was built to such a height.
A portion of the town wall remains to the south of Saint Laurence Gate. North of Saint Laurence Gate, the wall ran up Palace St/King St where the footpath is today. The depth of the basements of the houses and school suggest the presence of a steep trench outside the wall. Over the centuries, as the walls and gates fell into disrepair, the rubble stones were reused in later buildings. For example, the house and walls at the corner of Laurence Street and Palace Street and stone walls in Constitution Hill. Old pictures show that a toll booth and gate house remained until the early 19th century. The shop beside Laurence's Gate was a bicycle shop 100 years ago. The green letter box dates from a time when there was a post office there.
The Butter Gate is technically the only remaining gate from Drogheda's town walls as Saint Laurence Gate is a barbican. It is believed that the name 'Butter Gate' comes from a toll that was once collected on butter passing through this gate to the nearby Hospital of St John, however, the name may also be a corruption of the Bothair Gate; similar corruptions were assigned to the names of Green and Yellow Batter and, there is a 17th-century reference referring to the 'Dirty Batter' which was that of a lane or small road in the vicinity of the said Butter gate
- Archiseek (Irish-architecture.com) Laurence Gate entry (with pictures and notes) Retrieved at March 27, 2008
- Brendan Matthews (2010-11-10). "Desecration of the Butter Gate". Irish Independent. Retrieved 2014-07-24.