Laurence Harvey

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For other people named Laurence Harvey, see Laurence Harvey (disambiguation).
Laurence Harvey
Laurence Harvey Allan Warren.jpg
Laurence Harvey in 1973,
photograph by Allan Warren
Born Zvi Mosheh Skikne
(1928-10-01)1 October 1928
Joniškis, Lithuania
Died 25 November 1973(1973-11-25) (aged 45)
London, England
Cause of death
stomach cancer
Resting place
Santa Barbara Cemetery, Santa Barbara, California
Occupation Actor
Years active 1948–1973
Spouse(s) Margaret Leighton (1957–1961; divorced)
Joan Perry (1968–1972; divorced)
Paulene Stone (1972–1973; his death)
Partner(s) Hermione Baddeley
Children Domino Harvey (1969–2005)

Laurence Harvey (1 October 1928[1] – 25 November 1973) was a Lithuanian-born actor. In a career that spanned a quarter of a century, Harvey appeared in stage, film and television productions primarily in the United Kingdom and the United States. His 1959 performance in Room at the Top [2] brought him global fame and an Academy Award nomination.[3] That success was followed by the role of the ill-fated Texan commander William Barret Travis in The Alamo, produced by John Wayne, and as the brainwashed Raymond Shaw in The Manchurian Candidate. Many of his films earned nominations and awards for either the films or his co-stars.

Early life[edit]

Harvey maintained throughout his life that his birth name was Laruschka Mischa Skikne, but it was actually Zvi Mosheh Skikne. He was born in Joniškis, Lithuania, the youngest of three sons of Ella (née Zotnickaita) and Ber Skikne, Lithuanian Jewish parents.[4][5] When he was five years old, his family emigrated to South Africa, where he was known as Harry Skikne. He grew up in Johannesburg, and was in his teens when he served with the entertainment unit of the South African Army during the Second World War.

Career[edit]

Early years[edit]

After moving to London, he enrolled in the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art.[6] After leaving RADA early, he began to perform on stage and film. The stage name "Laurence Harvey" was the idea of talent agent Gordon Harbord who decided Laurence would be an appropriate first name. In choosing a British-sounding last name, Harbord thought of two British retail institutions, Harvey Nichols and Harrods. The actor and the agent scoured theatrical directories and found that the name Laurence Harvey was not already taken by anyone else in the profession.[7]

Harvey made his cinema debut in the British film House of Darkness (1948). Associated British Picture Corporation quickly offered him a two-year contract and he appeared in several of their lower budget films such as Cairo Road (1950). His career got a boost when he appeared in Women of Twilight (1952); this was made by Romulus Films who signed Harvey to a long-term contract. He secured a supporting role in a Hollywood film, Knights of the Round Table (1953), which led to being cast with Rex Harrison and George Sanders in King Richard and the Crusaders (1954). That year he also played Romeo in Renato Castellani's adaptation of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, narrated by John Gielgud. He was now established as an emerging British star. According to a contemporary interview, he turned down an offer to appear in Helen of Troy (1955) to act at Stratford-upon-Avon.[8]

Harvey was cast as the writer Christopher Isherwood in I Am A Camera (1955), with Julie Harris as Sally Bowles (Cabaret is a musical from the same source texts). He also appeared on American TV and on Broadway, making his Broadway debut in 1955 in the play Island of Goats, a flop which closed after one week, though his performance won him a 1956 Theatre World Award.[9] Harvey appeared twice more on Broadway, in 1957 with Julie Harris, Pamela Brown and Colleen Dewhurst in William Wycherley's The Country Wife, and as Shakespeare's Henry V in 1959, as part of the Old Vic company, which featured a young Judi Dench as Katherine, the Daughter of the King of France.[10]

International stardom[edit]

Harvey (left) with Frank Sinatra, during filming of The Manchurian Candidate

Harvey's breakthrough to international stardom came when he was cast by director Jack Clayton as the social climber Joe Lampton in Room at the Top (1959) produced by British film producer brothers John and James Woolf of Romulus Films. For his performance, Harvey received a BAFTA Award [11] nomination and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.[6] Simone Signoret won an Academy Award for her performance.

Harvey was cast in the role that had made Peter O'Toole prominent in the West End: the film version of The Long and the Short and the Tall (1961); O'Toole was not yet established as an actor in films and Harvey was more "bankable".

In 1960, he starred in John Wayne's epic The Alamo. Harvey was John Wayne's personal choice to play Alamo commandant William Barret Travis. He had been impressed by Harvey's talent and ability to project the aristocratic demeanor Wayne believed Travis possessed. Harvey and Wayne would later express their mutual admiration and satisfaction at having worked together.[12]

Harvey starred in two films with Elizabeth Taylor, the 1960 vehicle BUtterfield 8 that garnered an Academy Award for Taylor, and the 1973 suspense film Night Watch.[13] Taylor and Harvey remained friends until the end of his life. She visited him three weeks before his death, but Harvey's wife Paulene felt the visit tired him and was counterproductive. Upon his death, Taylor issued the statement, "He was one of the people I really loved in this world. He was part of the sun. For everyone who loved him, the sun is a bit dimmer." She and Peter Lawford held a memorial service for Harvey in California.[14]

In 1961, Harvey co-starred with Geraldine Page in the film adaptation of Tennessee Williams's Summer and Smoke [6] For her performance, Page won a Golden Globe Award and was nominated for an Academy Award, the New York Film Critics Circle Award and the National Board of Review Award. Una Merkel was nominated for a supporting performance Academy Award. The film received several other awards nominations, including Academy Award nominations for Best Music Score and Best Set Decoration.[15][16]

Other films included Walk on the Wild Side (1962) with Barbara Stanwyck, Jane Fonda and Capucine. He appeared as the brainwashed Raymond Shaw in 1962 in the Cold War thriller The Manchurian Candidate.[6] The same year, he recorded an album of spoken excerpts from the book This Is My Beloved by Walter Benton, accompanied by original music by Herbie Mann. It was released on the Atlantic label. Harvey's portrayal of Wilhelm Grimm in the 1962 film The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm earned him a nomination for Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama.[17]

Harvey played King Arthur in the 1964 London production of the Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe musical Camelot, at Drury Lane.[18]

Later years[edit]

The 1964 remake of W. Somerset Maugham's Of Human Bondage cast Kim Novak as Harvey's co-star. During filming, kidnap threats were made against both Harvey and Novak.[19][20]The Outrage (1964) was director Martin Ritt's remake of Akira Kurosawa's classic Rashomon. Besides Harvey, the film starred Paul Newman.and Claire Bloom. The film was not a success, in spite of the cast.[21] Harvey reprised his Academy Award-nominated role as Joe Lampton in Life at the Top (1965).

Harvey starred in the 1965 film Darling which won three Academy Awards, including Best Actress for Julie Christie. It was nominated for Best Picture by the Academy. The film also co-starred Dirk Bogarde and received numerous other awards and nominations.[22] Harvey co-starred with Daliah Lavi in the comedy The Spy with a Cold Nose (1966). The film was a spoof of the James Bond films. It garnered two Golden Globe Award nominations in 1967, for "Best Foreign Film – English Language" and for Lionel Jeffries in his performance.[23]

The script for director Tony Richardson's 1968 film The Charge of the Light Brigade was partially based on the 1953 Cecil Woodham-Smith book The Reason Why. At the time John Osborne wrote the script, Harvey owned the rights to the book with the intent of filming his own adaptation.[24] A lawsuit was filed against Richardson's company Woodfall Film Productions on behalf of the book's author. There was a monetary settlement, and Harvey was given the role of Prince Radziwell as part of the settlement. Charles Wood was brought in to re-write the script. Richardson had all Harvey's scenes cut from the movie, except a brief glimpse as an anonymous member of a theatre audience, technically still meeting the requirements of the legal settlement.[25][26]

The spy thriller A Dandy in Aspic (1968) co-starred Mia Farrow, at the time married to Frank Sinatra. Director Anthony Mann died during production, and it was left up to Harvey to finish directing the film.[27] Harvey provided the narration for the 1969 Soviet film Tchaikovsky, directed by Igor Talankin. At the 44th Academy Awards, the film received two nominations, for Best Foreign Language Film, and for Dimitri Tiomkin's music score.[28]

Harvey had a cameo role in The Magic Christian, a 1969 film based on the Terry Southern novel of the same name. His character gives a rendition of Hamlet's soliloquy that develops unexpectedly into a striptease routine.

He was also guest murderer of the week on Columbo: The Most Dangerous Match in 1973 as a chess champion who murders his opponent.

Joanna Pettet and her husband Alex Cord had been friends of Harvey's from the 1960s. They were both fond of Harvey and enjoyed his sense of humor, but Cord also acknowledged Harvey could be cruel with anyone he didn't like. Pettet appeared with Harvey in the 1972 episode "The Caterpillar" on Rod Serling's Night Gallery, in which Harvey's character attempts to assassinate a romantic rival by having a burrowing insect dropped in the man's ear.[29] Harvey directed and starred in his final film Welcome to Arrow Beach, which co-starred his friend Joanna Pettet, John Ireland and Stuart Whitman. The film deals with a type of war-related Post-traumatic stress disorder that turns a military veteran to cannibalism.[20]

Orson Welles's The Deep with Jeanne Moreau was to have Harvey in the lead. Welles worked on the film in between other projects of his. The production had money problems, and Harvey's 1973 death ultimately put an end to the project.[30]

Personal life[edit]

Early in his career, Harvey had a live-in relationship with Hermione Baddeley. A British stage actress who also appeared on Broadway and became familiar on American television by playing Nell Naugatuck on Maude, she was twenty-two years older than Harvey. Although Harvey proposed marriage to her, Baddeley thought the age difference was too great.[31]

He left Baddeley in 1951 for actress Margaret Leighton, who was six years older than Harvey and at the time was married to Max Reinhardt. Leighton and Reinhardt divorced in 1955, and she married Harvey in 1957 off the Rock of Gibraltar. The couple divorced in 1961.[32]

In 1968 he married Joan Perry Cohn, seventeen years his senior. Although often referred to as the widow of film mogul Harry Cohn of Columbia Pictures, she had a brief post-widowhood marriage to shoe store magnate Harry Karl that lasted for three weeks in 1959.[33] Her marriage to Laurence Harvey lasted until 1972.

Harvey's third marriage was to British fashion model Paulene Stone. She gave birth to his only child Domino in 1969 while he was still married to Cohn. In 1972, Harvey and Stone married at the home of Harold Robbins.[6][34]

In his account of being Frank Sinatra's valet, Mr. S: My Life with Frank Sinatra (2003), George Jacobs writes that Harvey often made passes at him while visiting Sinatra. According to Jacobs, Sinatra was aware of Harvey's sexuality. In his autobiography Close Up (2004), British actor John Fraser claimed that Harvey was gay and that his long-term lover was Harvey's manager James Woolf, who had cast Harvey in several of the films he produced in the 1950s.[35]

Harvey would often clash with co-workers. Jane Fonda who appeared with him in Walk on the Wild Side said, "There are actors and actors – and then there are the Laurence Harveys. With them, it's like acting by yourself."[36]

Harvey would respond, "Someone once asked me, 'Why is it so many people hate you?' and I said, 'Do they? How super! I'm really quite pleased about it."[36]

Death[edit]

A heavy smoker and drinker, Harvey died from stomach cancer on Sunday, November 25, 1973 at the age of 45. His daughter, Domino, who later became a bounty hunter, was only 4 when he died, and only 35 when she died in 2005. They are buried together in Santa Barbara Cemetery in Santa Barbara, California.[37][38]

Appraisal[edit]

According to his obituary in the New York Times:

With his clipped speech, cool smile and a cigarette dangling impudently from his lips, Laurence Harvey established himself as the screen's perfect pin-striped cad. He could project such utter boredom that willowy debutantes would shrivel in his presence. He could also exude such charm that the same young ladies would gladly lend him their hearts, which were usually returned utterly broken... The image Mr Harvey carefully fostered for himself off screen was not far removed from some of the roles he played. "I'm a flamboyant character, an extrovert who doesn't want to reveal his feelings", he once said. "To bare your soul to the world, I find unutterably boring. I think part of our profession is to have a quixotic personality."[36]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Acting credits[edit]

Stage[edit]

Opening date Closing date Title Role Theatre Notes Refs
16 Nov 1947 Uprooted Nicky Horroway Billed as Larry Skikne [39]
9 May 1951 Hassan Cambridge Theatre [40]
1954 Romeo and Juliet Romeo Royal Shakespeare Theatre [41]
4 Oct 1955 8 Oct 1955 Island of Goats Angelo Fulton Theatre 1956 Theatre World Award [42]
27 Nov 1957 4 Jan 1958 The Country Wife Mr. Horner Adelphi Theatre (11/27/1957 – 12/21/1957)
Henry Miller's Theatre (12/23/1957 – 1/04/1958)
[43]
25 Dec 1958 10 Jan 1959 Henry V Henry V Broadway Theatre [44]
19 Aug 1964 Camelot King Arthur Theatre Royal, Drury Lane [45]

Film[edit]

Note: Where British Film Institute (BFI) and American Film Institute (AFI) differed on release year, or if the Wikipedia article title had a different release year, whichever source is the country of production is the year used.

Year Title Role Director Producer Studio/Distributor Other cast members Refs.
1948 House of Darkness Francis Merryman Oswald Mitchell Gordon Myers International Motion Pictures Lesley Brook, John Stuart [46]
1949 Man on the Run Detective Sergeant Lawson Lawrence Huntington Associated British Picture Corporation Derek Farr, Joan Hopkins [47]
The Man from Yesterday John Matthews Oswald Mitchell International Motion Pictures John Stuart, Henry Oscar, Marie Burke [48]
Landfall P/O Hooper Ken Annakin Victor Skutezky Associated British Picture Corporation Michael Denison, Patricia Plunkett, Maurice Denham [49]
1950 The Dancing Years Minor Role Harold French Warwick Ward Dennis Price [50]
The Black Rose Edmond Henry Hathaway Louis D. Lighton 20th Century Fox Tyrone Power, Orson Welles, Cécile Aubry, Jack Hawkins, Michael Rennie, Herbert Lom [51][52]
Cairo Road Lt. Mourad David MacDonald Mayflower Pictures Corporation Eric Portman [53]
1951 Scarlet Thread Freddie Lewis Gilbert Ernest G. Roy Nettlefold Studios Kathleen Byron, Sydney Tafler [54]
There Is Another Sun Mag Maguire Lewis Gilbert Ernest G. Roy Nettlefold Studios Maxwell Reed, Susan Shaw [55]
I Believe in You Jordie Bennett Michael Relph Michael Balcon Ealing Studios Cecil Parker, Celia Johnson [56]
1952 A Killer Walks Ned Ronald Drake Ronald Drake Leontine Entertainments Susan Shaw, Trader Faulkner [57]
Women of Twilight Jerry Nolan Gordon Parry John Bremer Romulus Films Freda Jackson, Rene Ray, Countess of Midleton, Lois Maxwell [58]
1953 Innocents in Paris François Gordon Parry Anatole de Grunwald Romulus films Alastair Sim, Claire Bloom, Ronald Shiner [59]
1954 The Good Die Young Miles Ravenscourt Lewis Gilbert Remus Films Margaret Leighton, Richard Basehart, Joan Collins, Gloria Grahame [60]
King Richard and the Crusaders Sir Kenneth of Huntington David Butler Henry Blanke Warner Bros. Rex Harrison, Virginia Mayo, George Sanders [61][62]
Romeo and Juliet Romeo Renato Castellani Verona Productions Susan Shentall [63]
1955 I Am a Camera Christopher Isherwood Henry Cornelius Remus Films Julie Harris, Shelley Winters, Ron Randell [64]
Storm Over the Nile John Durrance Terence Young London Film Productions Anthony Steel [65]
1956 Three Men in a Boat George Ken Annaken Romulus Films Jimmy Edwards, David Tomlinson [66]
1957 After the Ball Walter de Frece Compton Bennett Romulus Films Pat Kirkwood [67]
The Truth About Women Sir Humphrey Tavistock Muriel Box Sydney Box Beaconsfield Films Ltd Diane Cilento, Julie Harris [68]
1958 The Silent Enemy Lt Crabb William Fairchild Romulus Films Dawn Addams [69]
Room at the Top Joe Lampton Jack Clayton John Woolf Remus Films Simone Signoret, Donald Houston [70]
Power Among Men Narrator Alexander Hackenschmied United Nations Film Services [71][72]
1959 Expresso Bongo Johnny Jackson Val Guest Val Guest Val Guest Productions Sylvia Syms [73]
1960 The Alamo William Barret Travis John Wayne John Wayne Batjac Productions John Wayne, Richard Boone, Richard Widmark [74][75]
BUtterfield 8 Weston Ligget Daniel Mann Pandro S. Berman Metro Goldwyn Mayer Elizabeth Taylor, Eddie Fisher, Dina Merrill [76][77]
1961 The Long and the Short and the Tall Pte. 'Bammo' Bamforth Leslie Norman Michael Balcon Associated British Picture Corporation Richard Todd, Richard Harris, David McCallum [78][79]
Two Loves Paul Lathrope Charles Walters Julian Blaustein Metro Goldwyn Mayer Shirley MacLaine, Jack Hawkins [80][81]
Summer and Smoke John Buchanan, Jr Peter Glenville Hal Wallis Paramount Pictures Geraldine Page, Rita Moreno, John McIntire, Earl Holliman [82][83]
1962 Walk on the Wild Side Dove Linkhorn Edward Dmytryk Charles K. Feldman Columbia Pictures Jane Fonda, Barbara Stanwyck, Anne Baxter, Capucine [84][85]
The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm Wilhelm Grimm Henry Levin George Pal Metro Goldwyn Mayer Claire Bloom, Barbara Eden [86][87]
The Manchurian Candidate Raymond Shaw John Frankenheimer George Axelrod United Artists Frank Sinatra, Angela Lansbury, Janet Leigh, James Gregory [88][89]
A Girl Named Tamiko Ivan Kalin John Sturges Hal Wallis Paramount Pictures France Nguyen, Martha Hyer [90][91]
1963 The Running Man Rex Black Carol Reed Carol Reed Columbia Pictures Lee Remick, Alan Bates [92][93]
The Ceremony Sean McKenna Laurence Harvey Laurence Harvey (also wrote) United Artists Sarah Miles, Robert Walker, Jr. [94][95]
1964 Of Human Bondage Phillip Carey Ken Hughes James Woolf Metro Goldwyn Mayer Kim Novak [96][97]
The Outrage Husband Martin Ritt A. Ronald Lubin Metro Goldwyn Mayer Paul Newman, Claire Bloom [98][99]
1965 Darling Miles Brand John Schlesinger Joseph E. Levine Embassy Pictures Julie Christie, Dirk Bogarde [100][101]
Life at the Top Joe Lampton Ted Kotcheff James Woolf Romulus Films Jean Simmons, Honor Blackman [102][103]
1966 The Spy with a Cold Nose Dr. Francis Trevelyan Daniel Petrie Joseph E. Levine Embassy Pictures Corp. Daliah Lavi, Lionel Jeffries [104][105]
1968 A Dandy in Aspic Eberlin Laurence Harvey, Anthony Mann Anthony Mann Columbia Pictures Mia Farrow, Tom Courtenay [106][107]
The Winter's Tale King Leonites Frank Dunlop (director) Cressida Film Productions Jane Asher, Diana Churchill [108]
The Charge of the Light Brigade Russian Prince (uncredited) [109]
Rebus Jeff Miller Nino Zanchin Ann-Margret [110]
1969 The Last Roman Cethegus Robert Siodmak CCC Filmkunst Sylvia Koscina, Orso Weles [111]
The Magic Christian Hamlet Joseph McGrath (film director) Denis O'Dell Commonwealth United Entertainment Group Inc. Peter Sellers, Ringo Starr [112][113]
L'assoluto naturale He – Producer and co-star Mauro Bolognini Laurence Harvey Laurence Harvey Productions Sylvia Koscina [114]
1970 Tchaikovsky Narrator Igor Talankin Innokenti Smoktunovsky Mosfilm [115]
The Deep Hughie Warriner Orson Welles Orson Welles Orson Welles [116]
WUSA Farley Stuart Rosenberg John Foreman (producer) Paramount Pictures Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Anthony Hopkins [117][118]
1972 Escape to the Sun (Habricha El Hashemesh) Major Kirsanov Menahem Golan Noah Films Josephine Chaplin, Lila Kedrova, John Ireland, Jack Hawkins [119]
1973 Night Watch John Wheeler Brian G. Hutton Joseph E. Levine Avco Embassy Pictures Elizabeth Taylor [120][121]
1973 F for Fake Himself Orson Welles Les Films de l'Astrophore Orson Welles, Joseph Cotton [122]
1974 Welcome to Arrow Beach Jason Henry Laurence Harvey John Cushingham Warner Bros. Joanna Pettet, Stuart Whitman, John Ireland [123][124]

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Other cast members Notes Refs.
1950 Othello Cassio André Morell (BBC TV) [125]
1953 As You Like It Orlando Margaret Leighton (BBC TV) [126]
1955 ITV Play of the Week Beljajew Margaret Leighton A Month in the Country [127]
The Alcoa Hour Dick Swiveller The Small Servant
1956 The Bet
1957 Holiday Night Reunion
1959 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Arthur Williams Hazel Court, Patrick Macnee Arthur [128]
ITV Play of the Week Chris/Misha Hildegard Knef The Violent Years [129]
1960 Pontiac Star Parade Self Entire cast and crew of The Alamo The Spirit of the Alamo, wrap party in Brackettville, Texas [130]
What's My Line? Self Guest panelist 6 March; mystery guest 1 May
Here's Hollywood Self Episode 1.19
1962 The Milton Berle Show Self 9 March episode [131]
The Flood (Stravinsky) Narrator [132]
1964 Password Self Georgia Brown v. Laurence Harvey
The Ed Sullivan Show Self Episode 18.5
The Eamonn Andrews Show Self Episode 1.2
1965 The Eamonn Andrews Show Self Episode 2.15
The Danny Kaye Show Self Episode 3.14 [133]
1966 Hollywood Talent Scouts Self 31 January episode
Late Night Line-Up Self Michael Dean, Denis Tuohy, Joan Bakewell 5 February episode, BBC [134]
1967 The Merv Griffin Show Self 27 April episode
Dial M for Murder Tony Wendice Diane Cilento, Hugh O'Brian, Cyril Cusack, Nigel Davenport TV movie [135]
The Jerry Lewis Show Self Joey Heatherton October 17, 1967 episode [136]
1968 The Joey Bishop Show Self Episodes 2.245 and 3.40
Marvelous Party! Host A 70th birthday tribute to Noël Coward
1969 Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In Self Episode 2.25
Joker's Wild Self American TV game show
1970 The David Frost Show Self Episode 2.184
1971 ITV Saturday Night Theatre Major Sergius Saranoff John Standing Arms and the Man [137]
The Dick Cavett Show Self 11 May episode
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson Self 19 November episode
Celebrity Bowling Self Unknown episode
1972 Night Gallery Steven Macy Caterpillar [138]
1973 Columbo Emmett Clayton The Most Dangerous Match
45th Academy Awards Self Co-Presenter: Best Art Direction – Set Decoration
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson Self 24 August episode

Unfilmed Projects[edit]

  • Shortly before Harvey's death he was planning on starring and directing in two films, one on Kitty Genovese, the other a Wolf Mankowitz comedy called Cockatrice[139]

Notes[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Harvey altered his birth year to 1927 to gain entry to the South African Navy when he was aged only 14, and 1927 now appears in many sources.
  2. ^ Obituary Variety, 28 November 1973, p. 62.
  3. ^ a b "1959 Best Actor in a Leading Role nomination". Academy Awards. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  4. ^ Special to The New York Times (1973-11-27). "Laurence Harvey, Screen Actor, Is Dead at 45 – Attained Stardom With Role in 'Room at the Top' The Screen's Perfect Cad Enigmatic Flamboyance Was Also in 'Butterfield 8 and 'Manchurian Candidate' An Arrogant Manner – Article – NYTimes.com". Select.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  5. ^ Who's who in the Theatre – John Parker – Google Books. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2013-01-04. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Wise, James E; Baron, Scott (2002). International Stars at War. Naval Institute Press. pp. 79–82. ISBN 978-1-55750-965-9. 
  7. ^ Room, Adrian (2010). Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins. McFarland. p. 222. ISBN 978-0-7864-4373-4. 
  8. ^ "AUSTRALIANS PLAY AT STRATFORD.". The Australian Women's Weekly (National Library of Australia). 8 September 1954. p. 16. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Willis, John; Hodges, Ben (2009). Theatre World, 2006–2007, Volume 63; Volumes 2006–2007. Applause Books. p. 367. ISBN 978-1-55783-728-8. 
  10. ^ "Laurence Harvey". IBDB. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c "Best British Actor". BAFTA. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  12. ^ Munn, Michael (2005). John Wayne: The Man Behind The Myth. NAL Trade. pp. 205–212. ISBN 978-0-451-21414-0. 
  13. ^ "Openings and Current Attractions on the New York Screen". New York Magazine: 11. 1 October 1973. 
  14. ^ Kelly, Kitty (1981). Elizabeth Taylor: The Last Star. Simon & Schuster. pp. 256, 257. ISBN 978-0-671-25543-5. 
  15. ^ "Summer and Smoke awards". Imdb. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  16. ^ Welsh, James M; Hill, Rodney F; Phillips, Gene D (2010). The Francis Ford Coppola Encyclopedia. Scarecrow Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-8108-7650-7. 
  17. ^ a b "1963 Laurence Harvey Golden Globe Nomination". HFPA. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  18. ^ Green, Stanley (1980). Encyclopedia of the musical theatre: an updated reference guide to over 2000 performers, writers, directors, productions, and songs of the musical stage, both in New York and London. Da Capo Press,. pp. 56–58. ISBN 978-0-306-80113-6. 
  19. ^ Mann, William J (2012). Hello, Gorgeous: Becoming Barbra Streisand. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 325. ISBN 978-0-547-36892-4. 
  20. ^ a b Maltin, Leonard (2008). Leonard Maltin's 2009 Movie Guide. Plume. p. 1009. ISBN 978-0-452-28978-9. 
  21. ^ Jackson, Carlton (1994). Picking Up the Tab: The Life and Movies of Martin Ritt. Popular Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-87972-672-0. 
  22. ^ Garrett, George P; Hardison, OB; Gelfman, Jane R (1989). Film Scripts 4: Darling; A Hard Day's Night; The Best Man. Irvington Pub. pp. 297–299. ISBN 978-0-8290-2278-0. 
  23. ^ Lisanti, Tom; Paul, Louis (2002). Film Fatales: Women in Espionage Films and Television, 1962–1973. Mcfarland & Co Inc Pub. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-7864-1194-8. 
  24. ^ Connelly, Mark (2003). The Charge of the Light Brigade. I. B. Tauris. pp. 22–24. ISBN 978-1-86064-612-6. 
  25. ^ Welsh, James M; Tibbetts, John C (1999). The Cinema of Tony Richardson: Essays and Interviews. State Univ of New York Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-7914-42494. 
  26. ^ John Osborne, who wrote the screenplay, alleges in his autobiography that Tony Richardson shot those scenes "French", which is film jargon for a director going-through-the-motions because of some obligation, but with no film in the camera. Source: Almost a Gentleman by John Osborne: Faber & Faber 1991; ISBN 0-571-16635-0; p. 146
  27. ^ Kael, Pauline (2011). 5001 Nights at the Movies. Picador USA. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-312-55886-4. 
  28. ^ "Tchaikovsky award nominations". Academy Awards. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  29. ^ Skelton, Scott; Benson, Jim (1998). Rod Serling's Night Gallery: An After-Hours Tour. Syracuse University Press. pp. 292–296. ISBN 978-0-8156-0535-5. 
  30. ^ Leaming, Barbara (2004). Orson Welles: A Biography. Limelight Editions. p. 471. ISBN 978-0-87910-199-2. 
  31. ^ Hunter, Tab; Muller, Ernie (2006). Tab Hunter Confidential: The Making of a Movie Star. Algonquin Books. p. 261. ISBN 978-1-56512-548-3. 
  32. ^ O'Connor, Garry (2000). Ralph Richardson: An Actor's Life. Applause Books. pp. 180, 181. ISBN 978-1-55783-300-6. 
  33. ^ Adler, Tim (2008). Hollywood and the Mob: Movies, Mafia, Sex and Death. Bloomsbury Publishing PLC. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-7475-7350-0. 
  34. ^ Wilson, Andrew (2008). Harold Robbins: The Man Who Invented Sex. Bloomsbury Paperbacks. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-7475-9379-9. 
  35. ^ John Ezard "Sexy self-image that revved up Dirk Bogarde", The Guardian 2 October 2004, accessed 30 November 2012
  36. ^ a b c "Laurence Harvey, Screen Actor, Is Dead at 45: Attained Stardom With Role in 'Room at the Top' The Screen's Perfect Cad Enigmatic Flamboyance Was Also in 'Butterfield 8 and 'Manchurian Candidate' An Arrogant Manner Special to The New York Times". New York Times, 27 Nov 1973: 47.
  37. ^ Brooks, Patricia; Brooks, Jonathan (2006). Laid to Rest in California: A Guide to the Cemeteries and Grave Sites of the Rich and Famous. Globe Pequot. pp. 141, 142. ISBN 978-0-7627-4101-4. 
  38. ^ Laurence Harvey at Find a Grave
  39. ^ Wearing (2014) p. 339
  40. ^ Mullin & Gielgud (1996) p. 223
  41. ^ Kennedy (2002) p. 139
  42. ^ "Island of Goats". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  43. ^ "The Country Wife". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  44. ^ "Henry V". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  45. ^ Wright (2012) p. 292
  46. ^ "House of Darkness (1948)". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  47. ^ "Man on the Run". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  48. ^ "The Man From Yesterday". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  49. ^ "Landfall". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  50. ^ Manoush, Barry (2003). Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors, Vol. 1: From the Silent Era to 1965. Applause. p. 315. ISBN 978-1557835512. 
  51. ^ "The Black Rose". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  52. ^ "The Black Rose". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  53. ^ "Cairo Road". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  54. ^ "Scarlet Thread". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  55. ^ "There is Another Sun". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  56. ^ "I Believe in You". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  57. ^ "A Killer Walks". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  58. ^ "Women of Twilight". BFI. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
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References[edit]

  • Kennedy, Dennis (2002). Looking at Shakespeare A Visual History of Twentieth-Century Performance. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521785488. 
  • Mullin, Michael; Gielgud, John (1996). Design by Motley. University of Delaware Press. ISBN 978-0874135695. 
  • Wearing, J. P. (2014). The London Stage 1940-1949: A Calendar of Productions, Performers, and Personnel. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-0-8108-9305-4. 
  • Wright, Adrian (2012). West End Broadway: The Golden Age of the American Musical in London. Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1843837916. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Hickey, Des and Smith, Gus. The Prince: The Public and Private Life of Laurence Harvey. Leslie Frewin. 1975.
  • Stone, Paulene. One Tear is Enough: My Life with Laurence Harvey. 1975.
  • Sinai, Anne. Reach for the Top: The Turbulent Life of Laurence Harvey. Scarecrow Press. 2003.

External links[edit]