Laurens County, South Carolina

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Laurens County, South Carolina
Map of South Carolina highlighting Laurens County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1785
Seat Laurens
Largest city Laurens
Area
 • Total 724 sq mi (1,875 km2)
 • Land 715 sq mi (1,852 km2)
 • Water 9 sq mi (23 km2), 1.23%
Population
 • (2010) 66,537
 • Density 93/sq mi (35.9/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.laurenscountysc.org

Laurens County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 66,537.[1] Its county seat is Laurens.[2] It is included in the GreenvilleMauldinEasley Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Laurens County was formed in 1785. It was named after Henry Laurens, the third president of the Continental Congress.

One of nine modern counties of the Colonial Ninety-Six District, Laurens County hosted more "official" (i.e. officially recognized and contemporaneously documented by competent governments) battles than did half of the original colonies. The Battle of Musgrove Mill was the first time during the American Revolution that regular soldiers of Great Britain were defeated in battle by militia.

Those battles in modern Laurens County were:

  1. Fort Lindley/Lindler
  2. Widow Kellet's Block House
  3. Musgrove's Mill
  4. Farrow's Station
  5. Duncan Creek Meeting House
  6. Indian Creek
  7. Hammond's Store
  8. Fort Williams (not to be confused with Williamson's fort some 25 miles south in Greenwood County)
  9. Cedar Springs (begun in Cross Anchor SC, then an old-fashioned "Hoss Chase" of fifty eight miles through four counties and ended in NC after about 30 hours!)
  10. Mud Lick Creek
  11. Hayes' Station. (Joe Goldsmith, State Historian, SC Soc., Sons of the American Revolution)

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 723.8 square miles (1,874.6 km2), of which 713.8 square miles (1,848.7 km2) is land and 10 square miles (25.9 km2) (1.4%) is water.[3]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 9,337
1800 12,809 37.2%
1810 14,982 17.0%
1820 17,682 18.0%
1830 20,863 18.0%
1840 21,584 3.5%
1850 23,407 8.4%
1860 23,858 1.9%
1870 22,536 −5.5%
1880 29,444 30.7%
1890 31,610 7.4%
1900 24,311 −23.1%
1910 26,650 9.6%
1920 42,560 59.7%
1930 42,094 −1.1%
1940 44,185 5.0%
1950 46,974 6.3%
1960 47,609 1.4%
1970 49,713 4.4%
1980 52,214 5.0%
1990 58,092 11.3%
2000 69,567 19.8%
2010 66,537 −4.4%
Est. 2012 66,223 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 69,567 people, 26,290 households, and 18,876 families residing in the county. The population density was 97 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 30,239 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.57% White, 26.23% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 1.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26,290 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,933, and the median income for a family was $39,739. Males had a median income of $30,402 versus $21,684 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,761. About 11.60% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over.

As of May 2012, the county unemployment rate was 9.5%.[6]

Education[edit]

There are three public school districts in the county. Laurens County District 55 covers what is generally the northeastern half of the county while District 56 covers the southwestern half. The Ware Shoals area is covered by the multi-county Greenwood County District 51. There are two public high schools in the county: Laurens (in Dist. 55) and Clinton (in Dist. 56.)

Public K-12 education includes Hickory Tavern Elementary, Ford Elementary, Gray Court-Owings, Pleasant View Elementary, E.B. Morse, Hickory Tavern Middle, Laurens Middle, and Sanders Middle.

Private K-12 education includes Laurens Academy.

Presbyterian College, located in Clinton, is a four year liberal-arts school founded in 1880.

Infrastructure[edit]

Major Roads[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  6. ^ http://www.eascinc.com/unemployment_rate.html
  7. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 
  8. ^ "Cannon, Arthur Patrick (Pat), (1904 - 1966)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°29′N 82°01′W / 34.48°N 82.01°W / 34.48; -82.01