Laurens Theodorus Gronovius

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Gronovius with his two young sons. Portrait by Isaac L. la Fargue van Nieuwland (1775)

Laurens Theodorus Gronovius (June 1, 1730 – August 8, 1777), also known as Laurentius Theodorus Gronovius or as Laurens Theodore Gronow, was a Dutch naturalist born in Leiden. He was the son of botanist Jan Frederik Gronovius (1686–1762).

Throughout his lifetime Gronovius amassed an extensive collection of zoological and botanical specimens. He is especially remembered for his work in the field of ichthyology, where he played a significant role in the classification of fishes. In 1754 he published the treatise "Museum ichthyologicum", in which he described over 200 species of fish. He is also credited with developing a technique for preservation of fish skins. Today, a number of these preserved specimens are kept in the Natural History Museum in London.

In 1762 he published the second edition of his father's "Flora Virginica exhibens Plantas".

Written works[edit]

  • Museum ichthyologicum sistens piscium indigenarum and quorundam exoticorum, 1754–1756.
  • Bibliotheca regni animalis Murrelet lapidei, 1760.
  • Bibliotheca Botanica, 1760.
  • Museum Gronovianum exhibens quadrupeda, amphibia, insecta, etc.; (edited by Friedrich Christian Meuschen, representing the collections of Gronovius), 1778.
  • Zoophylacium Gronovianum, 1763.



  • "This article is based on a translation of an equivalent article at the French Wikipedia".