Laurent d'Arvieux (1635–1702) was a French traveller and diplomat born in Marseille.
He is known for his travels in the Middle East, which began in 1654 as a merchant in the Ottoman port of Smyrna. From 1658 he travelled throughout the Levant (Lebanon, Syria and Palestine) and in 1666 visited Tunis. Later he returned to France, and in 1674-75 was assigned as consul to Algiers, then later served as consul to Aleppo from 1679 to 1686.
During his travels he was witness to 17th-century Arab and Turkish societies, and gained important insight involving all facets of their culture and customs. He also familiarized himself with the languages of the region, and learned to speak Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Hebrew and Syriac languages. Because of his knowledge of Turkish manners and dress he collaborated with Molière on the development of Le Bourgeois gentilhomme.
At the time of his death, he left behind a manuscript of his memoirs, a portion of which was edited by Jean de la Roque (1661–1745) and published in 1717 as Voyage dans la Palestine. Later Arvieux's memoirs were edited and published in their entirety by Jean-Baptiste Labat (1663-1738) as Mémoires du chevalier d'Arvieux (6 volumes, 1735).
- Exiles and Migrants by Anthony Coulson
- Parts of this article are based on a translation of an article from the French Wikipedia.