|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (April 2009)|
The Lausanne Covenant is a 1974 Christian religious manifesto promoting active world-wide Christian evangelism. One of the most influential documents in modern Evangelical Christianity, it was written and adopted by 2,300 evangelicals at the International Congress on World Evangelization in Lausanne, Switzerland, from which it takes its name.
The original Lausanne conference brought together 2,700 Christian religious leaders from over 150 countries and was called by a committee headed by Billy Graham of the United States. The drafting committee for the document was chaired by John Stott of the United Kingdom. In addition to the signing of the covenant, the conference also created the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization. The covenant is in the form of an ecumenical confession, in which the signatories profess their shame at having failed to spread the Gospel of Jesus. The covenant specifically affirms the beliefs in the Nicene Creed. The signatories express their intention to be more committed to spreading Christianity throughout the world. It lists fifteen specific beliefs to which the signatories testify.
The original document is in English and has been translated into at least twenty different languages. In 1989, fifteen years after the original Lausanne conference, the Second International Congress on World Evangelization (sometimes called "Lausanne II") convened in Manila, Philippines, and adopted the Manila Manifesto, an elaboration of the Lausanne Covenant.
The introduction of the covenant is:
- We, members of the Church of Jesus Christ, from more than 150 nations, participants in the International Congress on World Evangelization at Lausanne, praise God for his great salvation and rejoice in the fellowship he has given us with himself and with each other. We are deeply stirred by what God is doing in our day, moved to penitence by our failures and challenged by the unfinished task of evangelization. We believe the Gospel is God's good news for the whole world, and we are determined by his grace to obey Christ's commission to proclaim it to all mankind and to make disciples of every nation. We desire, therefore, to affirm our faith and our resolve, and to make public our covenant.
- Text of the Lausanne Covenant in English with drop-down menu to access translations
- Sugden, Christopher (January–March 1990). "Theological Developments Since Lausanne I". Transformation 7 (7): 9–12. doi:10.1177/026537889000700104 (inactive 2014-04-03).
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- Swartz, David R. (2011). "Identity Politics and the Fragmenting of the 1970s Evangelical Left". Religion and American Culture 21 (1): 81–120. doi:10.1525/rac.2011.21.1.81.
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- Gros, Jeffrey (1999). "Making Christ Known: Historic Mission Documents from the Lausanne Movement, 1974-1989, edited by John Stott". International Review of Mission 88 (350): 313. doi:10.1111/j.1758-6631.1999.tb00161.x.
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- Padilla, René; Sugden, Chris (1985). How evangelicals endorsed social responsibility. Cambridge: Grove Books. ISBN 978-1-85174-009-3.