Lavik

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This article is about the old municipality in Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. For the village in Høyanger, Norway, see Lavik (village).
Lavik herad
Former Municipality
Village of Lavik
Village of Lavik
Lavik herad is located in Sogn og Fjordane
Lavik herad
Lavik herad
Location in Sogn og Fjordane county
Coordinates: 61°06′17″N 05°30′37″E / 61.10472°N 5.51028°E / 61.10472; 5.51028Coordinates: 61°06′17″N 05°30′37″E / 61.10472°N 5.51028°E / 61.10472; 5.51028
Country Norway
Region Western Norway
County Sogn og Fjordane
District Sogn
Municipality ID NO-1415
Adm. Center Lavik
Area[1]
 • Total 220 km2 (80 sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Created as Formannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Merged into Lavik og Brekke in 1861
Split from Lavik og Brekke in 1905
Merged into Høyanger in 1964

Lavik is a former municipality in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. It was located in the western part of the present-day municipality of Høyanger, mostly on the northern side of the Sognefjorden. A small part of Lavik was located on the southern side of the Sognefjorden, a narrow strip of land running south around the Ikjefjorden, past the village of Øystrebø, all the way south to the border with Hordaland county. The municipality of Lavik existed from 1838 until 1861 and then again from 1905 until 1964. Upon its dissolution, the municipality was 220 square kilometres (85 sq mi).[1]

Name[edit]

Lavik Church as seen from the ferry

The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old Ladvik farm (Old Norse: Lamvíkum), since Lavik Church was located there. The first element comes from the Old Norse word hlað which means "pile" or "load". The second element possibly comes from the Old Norse word víkr which means "inlet". Historically the spelling has varied greatly. It was Laduigh in the 16th century, Laduig in the 17th century, Ladvig in the 18th century, Ladevig in the 19th century, and finally Lavik in the 20th century.[2]

History[edit]

Ladevig (later spelled Lavik) was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1858, the district of Klævold was separated from Lavik to constitute a municipality of its own. The split left Lavik with 2,042 inhabitants. Klævold was later renamed Kyrkjebø. In 1861, Lavik (population: 926) was merged with the municipality of Brekke (population: 898), located across the Sognefjord, to form the new municipality of Lavik og Brekke.

On 1 January 1875, a part of Klævold with 90 inhabitants was moved to Lavik og Brekke. On 1 January 1905, the municipality was split, leaving Lavik and Brekke as separate municipalities once again. Following the split Lavik had a population of 1,182. On 1 January 1964, Lavik was merged with Kyrkjebø and a part of Vik to form the new municipality of Høyanger.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Lavik. – tidl. kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  2. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 183–184. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 

External links[edit]