Lavreotiki

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Lavreotiki
Λαυρεωτική
Location
Lavreotiki is located in Greece
Lavreotiki
Lavreotiki
Coordinates 37°43′N 24°4′E / 37.717°N 24.067°E / 37.717; 24.067Coordinates: 37°43′N 24°4′E / 37.717°N 24.067°E / 37.717; 24.067
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Attica
Regional unit: East Attica
Mayor: Konstantinos Levantis  (independent)
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 25,102
 - Area: 176.87 km2 (68 sq mi)
 - Density: 142 /km2 (368 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 9,611
 - Area: 35.484 km2 (14 sq mi)
 - Density: 271 /km2 (702 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 1 m (3 ft)
Postal code: 195 xx
Telephone: 22920
Website
www.mylavrio.gr

Lavreotiki is a municipality at the southeasternnmost tip of the Attica peninsula in the Greek regional unit of East Attica. Its municipal seat is the town of Laurium (Lavrio).[2]

It is historically important as a significant ancient mining district, most notably in the villages of Laurium and Thorikos on the southeastern seaboard during the 6th, 5th, and 4th centuries BCE. As such it financed the wealth of Athens and the emergence of the Athenian Empire through the slave-powered mining efforts for silver and lead, beginning with the discovery of 2 deep-vein mining efforts during the 480's. Prior to that development, which at Themistocles urging in 483 BC led to the expansion of the Athenian fleet to 200 ships, only surface-mining was deployed as a technique for harvesting silver. More than 250 ore washeries have been identified by archaeologists and geologists in the district.

Municipality[edit]

The municipality Lavreotiki was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

Settlements[edit]

The main settlements within the municipal unit of Lavreotiki are (population at 2011 census):

Historical population[edit]

Year Laurium Lavreotiki (mun. unit) Lavreotiki (munic.)
1907 10,007 - -
1981 10,124 - -
1991 8,846 10,293 -
2001 8,558 10,612 -
2011 7,078 9,611 25,102

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (xls 2,7 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece.  (Greek)
  2. ^ a b Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

Sources[edit]

  • Austin, M M., and P Vidal-Naquet. Economic and Social History of Ancient Greece: an Introduction. 1st English ed. Berkeley: University of California P, 1977. 1-397.
  • Fine, John V. A. The Ancient Greeks: A Critical History. Harvard University Press, 1983
  • Finley, M.I., The Ancient Economy. 2nd Ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985, c1973
  • Healy, John F. Mining and Metallurgy in the Greek and Roman World. London: Thames and Hudson, 1978.
  • Hopper, R J. Trade and Industry in Classical Greece. London: Thames and Hudson, 1979. 6-240.

External links[edit]