Government of Minneapolis
The city is divided into communities, each containing neighborhoods. For example, the Near North community is composed of the Hawthorne, Jordan, Near North, Sumner-Glenwood and Willard-Hay neighborhoods. Neighborhoods coordinate activities under the Neighborhood Revitalization Program. In some cases two or more neighborhoods act together under one organization. Some areas are commonly known by nicknames of business associations like Dinkytown, Downtown, Midtown and Uptown.
Mayor Rybak and the city have engaged five local "Great City Design Teams" for massive city-wide landscaping projects including parks, signage and streetcars. A Web site was registered in June 2007 to the City of Minneapolis for this purpose although it bears the name and insignia of the Minnesota chapter of the American Institute of Architects. The first six projects involve Washington, Nicollet, Penn, Lowry, Central and Lyndale Avenues, and 18th, 40th and 46th Streets.
Government and politics
|This section requires expansion. (March 2007)|
Minneapolis is a stronghold for the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL), an affiliate of the Democratic Party. The Minneapolis City Council holds the most power and represents the city's thirteen districts called wards. The council has twelve DFL members and one from the Green Party. R.T. Rybak also of the DFL is the current mayor of Minneapolis. The office of mayor is relatively weak but has some power to appoint individuals such as the chief of police. Parks, taxation, and public housing are semi-independent boards and levy their own taxes and fees subject to Board of Estimate and Taxation limits.
|Percent Change in Reported Crime|
The early years of the city were noted for crime. 150 brothels operated in hotels and candy stores earning the city $50,000 annually in 1900 dollars. Two historical figures are remembered in particular. Four-term mayor "Doc" Ames turned the Minneapolis Police Department into organized criminals who directed swindlers, pickpockets and burglaries. Ames earned income from prostitution, 45% of the profit from a stacked game of poker, and $15,000 a year from slot machines. During Prohibition, Kid Cann processed what some estimates say was 600 gallons of liquor per day and by 1933 had made himself a nationally known bookmaker. Shortly after this time, depleted forests and a drop in the price of iron ore in northern Minnesota, loss of the seat as milling capital of the country to Buffalo, New York, and cheap water transport combined into an economic downturn and drop in crime. Since 1950 the city lost 150,000 people and lost much of downtown to urban renewal and highway construction, resulting in a "moribund and peaceful" environment during the second half of the 20th century.
During the 1990s the murder rate climbed. After 97 people died in 1995, people called the city "Murderapolis," a T-shirt slogan mentioned by The New York Times when reporting that Minneapolis had nearly 70% more murders per capita and had surpassed the annual rate of homicides in New York City. Under police chief Robert Olson, Minneapolis imported a computerized New York City system known as CODEFOR or Computer Optimized Deployment Focused On Results that sent officers to high crime areas despite accusations of racial profiling. By 1998 the overall rate of major crime dropped by 16 percent, the department's largest one year improvement in two decades, and continued to drop for seven more years until 2005. The number of homicides increased three times during that period and rose to its highest in recent history in 2006. Politicians debate the causes and solutions, from improving on the lack of police officers caused by balancing the city's budget, to providing youths with alternatives to gangs and drugs, to helping families in poverty. For 2007, the city invested in public safety infrastructure, hired over forty new officers, and has a new police chief, Tim Dolan.
Minneapolis mayor R. T. Rybak is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition, an organization formed in 2006 and co-chaired by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg and Boston mayor Thomas Menino.
List of foreign consulates in Minneapolis
In the United States, the consular network (rank in descending order: Consul-General, Consul, Vice-Consul, Honorary Consul)
(Consul General) – A consul general heads a consulate general and is a consul of the highest rank serving at a principal location and usually responsible for other consular offices within a country.
(Consulate) – The office of a Consul is termed a Consulate, and is usually subordinate to the state's main representation in that foreign country, nowadays usually an Embassy or High Commission usually in the capital city of the host nation. In the capital, the consulate may be a part of the embassy itself.
(Vice Consul) – Vice consul is a subordinate officer, authorized to exercise consular functions in some particular part of a district controlled by a consulate.
(Honorary Consul) – Honorary consul may not be a citizen of the sending country, and may well combine the job with their own (often commercial) private activities, in which case they are usually given the title of honorary consul.
- (Consul General)
- (Honorary Consul)
- GIS Business Services, City of Minneapolis (2004, updated January 2006). "City of Minneapolis. Neighborhoods & Communities". Retrieved 2007-02-10. and Minneapolis Neighborhood Revitalization Program (2001-2005). "Neighborhood Organizations". Retrieved 2007-02-10. and Minneapolis Community Planning and Economic Development (CPED) Department (November 17, 2005). "City of Minneapolis Business Associations". Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- "The Washington Boulevard Great City Design Team". American Institute of Architects Minnesota (domain registrant: City of Minneapolis). and Mayor R. T. Rybak's great city design teams: a collaboration with American Institute of Architects Minneapolis, Urban Land Institute and Minnesota Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects (2007-06-12). "a vision study for the new WASHINGTON BOULEVARD" (PDF). American Institute of Architects Minnesota (domain registrant: City of Minneapolis). Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-14.
- "City Council". City of Minneapolis. and "Minneapolis City Council candidates". E-Democracy (e-democracy.org). October 26, 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-24. and Anderson, G.R. Jr. (2002-07-10). "The Compulsiveness of the Long-Distance Runner". City Pages (Village Voice Media) 23 (1127). Retrieved 2007-03-21. and "Board of Estimate and Taxation". City of Minneapolis. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
- Minneapolis Police Department, CODEFOR Unit (1999-2007). "Uniform Crime Reports". Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- Minneapolis Police Department. "2008 Year-End Citywide Crime and Arrest Statistics" (PDF). City of Minneapolsi. Retrieved 2009-04-21.
- Moskowitz, Dara (October 11, 1995). "Minneapolis Confidential". City Pages, Volume 16 – Issue 775. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- Johnson, Dirk (June 30, 1996). "Nice City's Nasty Distinction: Murders Soar in Minneapolis". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- Olson, Dan (November 7, 2001). "The political legacy of Sharon Sayles Belton". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 2007-01-18. and City of Minneapolis (1998). "Police Annual Report 1998 (PDF)". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- Williams, Brandt (January 9, 2007). "Homicide problem awaits Minneapolis' new police chief". Minneapolis Public Radio. Retrieved 2007-02-10. and Scheck, Tom (August 25, 2005). "Sparks fly at Minneapolis mayoral debate". Minneapolis Public Radio. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- "Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members". Retrieved on June 19, 2007
- "Foreign Consular Offices in the United States." United States Department of State. August 4, 2006. Retrieved on December 8, 2006.
- Clancy, Frank (March 2007). "Murder by Numbers". The Rake. Retrieved 2007-04-05.