The UN has played various roles during the conflict and peace process: a military role through its observer mission (UNOMIG); dual diplomatic roles through the Security Council and the appointment of a Special Envoy, succeeded by a Special Representative to the Secretary-General; a humanitarian role (UNHCR and UNOCHA); a development role (UNDP); a human rights role (UNCHR); and a low-key capacity and confidence-building role (UNV). The UN’s position has been that there will be no forcible change in international borders. Any settlement must be freely negotiated and based on autonomy for Abkhazia legitimized by referendum under international observation once the multi-ethnic population has returned. OSCE expressed concern and condemnation over ethnic cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia during the 1994 Budapest Summit Decision and later at the Lisbon Summit Declaration in 1996. The OSCE] has increasingly engaged in dialogue with officials and civil society representatives in Abkhazia, especially from NGOs and the media, regarding human dimension standards and is considering a presence in Gali.
Abkhazian militia also enforce Abkhaz law. Georgia regards the Abkhaz militia as unlawful formations. In the current situation, agencies attempted to enforce any kind of security or law on behalf of the Abkhazian government is met with opposition, sometimes force, from Georgian forces. Such was the case on July 26, 2006 when Georgian police announced that they had engaged "criminal gangs", Abkhazian militia, on the de facto border.
On 20 June 2014, acting Minister of Internal Affairs Raul Lolua reported that Abkhazia had ten thieves-in-law, nine of which ethnic Abkhaz and one Georgian, and that the police had recently thwarted the initiation of one more.