Law enforcement in Cambodia

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Law enforcement in Cambodia is handled by the Cambodian National Police, one of three General Departments within the Ministry of the Interior. The National Police numbers 64,000 and is divided into four autonomous units and five central departments. [1] The National Police share significant functional overlap with the Military Police (officially the National Gendarmerie), which functions within the Ministry of Defense.[2]

National Police[edit]

Police vehicle in Phnom Penh.

The General Department of the National Police is one of three general departments within the Ministry of the Interior, the others being the General Inspectorate for Political, Administrative and Police Affairs, and the General Department of Administration. The ministry is headed by deputy prime minister Sar Kheng, and the National Police by a Commissioner-General with the rank of four-star general. (The current Commissioner-General is Neth Savoeun, a nephew by marriage of prime minister Hun Sen; according to a US embassy cable released through Wikileaks, he has a good reputation with the embassy).[3]

The Cambodian National Police is divided into four autonomous units, headed collectively by the First Deputy Director of National Police, and five central departments, each managed by a Chief of Department and Deputy Director:

  • Four autonomous units:
  • Interpol unit
  • Headquarters unit
  • Intervention unit
  • Drug Enforcement unit
  • Five central departments:
  • Border department
  • Public Order department
  • Judicial department
  • Security department
  • Central Department of Means (support office)

Border Department[edit]

The border police department is divided into three sub-departments:

  • Land border
  • Marine border
  • Logistics and technical

Public Order Department[edit]

  • Social security
  • Defence
  • Administration
  • Public order

Judicial Department[edit]

While the judicial police (the department in charge of most forms of criminal law enforcement) are meant to function under the prosecutor-general's office, in fact they receive orders from the national police commander, meaning prosecutors lack control over the judicial police department. The judicial police force is divided into three sub-departments:

  • Criminal police
  • Economic police
  • Scientific and technical

Security Department[edit]

The security police department is divided into four sub-departments:

  • General information
  • Anti-terrorism police
  • Body-guards
  • Foreigners

Central Department of Means[edit]

  • Personnel
  • Pedagogy and training
  • Logistics and material

Military Police (Gendarmerie)[edit]

Structure[edit]

The Military Police (Royal Gendarmerie) is a branch of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces. The Gendarmerie consists of 10 battalion sized units, each between 500 - 1000 policemen. It has a strength of more than 7,000 deployed in all provinces, with headquarters in Phnom Penh. ==The current commander is lieutenant-General Sao Sokha, a former bodyguard and personal advisor to prime minister Hun Sen. The Gendarmerie monitors all the 24 provinces and 186 districts. The unit includes: a mobile team, consisting of six intervention units, an intervention vehicle battalion, a cavalry, and 4 infantry, with bases in Phnom Penh. The Gendarmerie training school is located in Kambol commune, Kandal Province.

Duties[edit]

The Royal Gendarmerie is responsible for the maintenance of public order and internal security, including:

  • Restoring peace and stability if they have been heavily disturbed
  • Counter terrorism
  • Countering violent groups
  • Suppressing riots in prisons

Its civil duties include: to provide security and public peace, to investigate and prevent organized crime, terrorism and other violent groups; to protect state and private property; to help and assist civilians and other emergency forces in a case of emergency, natural disaster, civil unrest and armed conflicts. There is considerable overlap of functions in these areas between the Gendarmerie and the national police.[4]

Its military duties include to preserve and protect national security, state, property, public peace,and public order, and to assist other security forces in case of emergency, civil unrest, war; to repress riots; to reinforce martial law and mobilization; to fight and apprehend suspected criminals, terrorists and other violent groups.

See also[edit]