National Civil Police of El Salvador
The Policía Nacional Civil is the national police of El Salvador.
In the early days of the Republic of El Salvador, the Civil Guard was created in 1867, which then gave way to the National Guard in 1912.
At the end of the Salvadoran Civil War law enforcement bodies in El Salvador included the National Police (Policia Nacional), the Treasury Police, and the National Guard. All were part of the Armed Forces of El Salvador. According to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, these police agencies perpetrated many human rights abuses during the civil war. Establishing civilian control of law enforcement agencies was a central tenet of the peace accords which ended the war.
As part of the peace process, the National Guard and the Treasury Police were supposed to be abolished immediately. It took some time, but eventually was accomplished.
According to El Salvador's current constitution, the National Civil Police (Policia Nacional Civil, also known as PNC) is the only force in charge of keeping order, security and public tranquility in the country, with different functions from the army.
Historical secret police organizations
—Organización Democrática Nacionalista (ORDEN) (Nationalist Democratic Organization)
—Frente Democrático Nacionalista (FDN) (Nationalist Democratic Front)
The main law enforcement training faciliy of El Salvador is the National Academy of Public Security (Academia Nacional de Seguridad Publica), (ASNP), where trainees have to complete a course to become officers.
- Mary Katayanagi, Human rights functions of United Nations peacekeeping operations, p. 77