The atlantic archipelago of Madeira constitutes one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal, with a number of devolved powers being performed by its Regional Government. However, the law enforcement in the region remains mainly under the responsibility of the Central Government of Portugal, being performed by the several Portuguese national police agencies. There are, however, minor law enforcement agencies dependent from the Regional Government of Madeira like the forest police and the sanitary, food and economical police.
The several police forces in Madeira provide security for the archipelago's 797 km² of territory and population of 253,482.
National law enforcement agencies operating in Madeira
Public Security Police (PSP) - Regional Command of Madeira: responsible for the preventive police in the region. In contrast to what happens in Mainland Portugal - where PSP only operates in the main urban metropolitan areas and cities - in Madeira it is also responsible for rural policing;
National Republican Guard (GNR) - Territorial Command of Madeira: responsible for customs, border and maritime patrol. In contrast to what happens in Mainland Portugal, GNR has not rural policing responsibilities in Madeira. The presence of GNR in Madeira dates only from 1993, when it absorved the former Fiscal Guard, including its units and responsibilities in the archipelago;
Judicial Police (PJ) - Criminal Investigation Department of Funchal: responsible for the criminal investigation related with serious crimes;