Law enforcement in Malaysia
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (March 2014)|
Royal Malaysia Police
The Royal Malaysia Police (Abbreviation: RMP; Malay: Polis Diraja Malaysia, PDRM; Jawi: ڤوليس دراج مليسيا) is the main agency tasked with maintaining law and order in Malaysia. The force is a centralised organisation with responsibilities ranging from traffic control to intelligence gathering. Its headquarters is located at Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur. The constitution, control, employment, recruitment, fund, discipline, duties and powers of the police force is specified and governed by the Police Act 1967.
Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Abbreviation: MMEA; Malay: Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia, APMM) is the principal government agency tasked with maintaining law and order and coordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas. It is in effect the coast guard of Malaysia. The agency is not part of nor are there any plans for it be integrated into the Malaysian Armed Forces. The Agency and its members are part of the Malaysian Civil Service and report directly to the Prime Minister's Department.
Besides the RMP and MMEA, other government agencies that also enforce specific laws are as follows:
Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission
The Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) (Malay: Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia, (SPRM)) (Anti-Corruption Agency (ACA) or Badan Pencegah Rasuah (BPR)) is a government agency in Malaysia that investigates and prosecutes corruption in the public and private sectors. The MACC was modeled after top anti-corruption agencies, such as the Hong Kong's Independent Commission Against Corruption and the New South Wales Independent Commission Against Corruption, Australia. The MACC is currently headed by Chief Commissioner Datuk Abu Kassim Bin Mohamed. He was appointed in January 2010 to replace former Chief Commissioner Datuk Seri Ahmad Said Bin Hamdan. Similarly, the agency is currently under the Prime Minister's Department.
RELA Corps (or Ikatan Relawan Rakyat Malaysia; Malay: Volunteers of Malaysian People) is a paramilitary civil volunteer corps formed by the Malaysian government. Their main duty is to check the traveling documents and immigration permits of foreigners in Malaysian cities, including tourists, visitors and migrants to reduce the increasing rate of illegal immigrants in Malaysia. RELA has the authority to deal with situations like policemen, such as raiding suspected streets or places such as factories, restaurants and even hotels.
They are also fully authorized to conduct the interrogation and even detaining people who forget to bring their traveling documents, like passports and/or working permits. Besides that they are also tasked with security works at times. During times of war, they are absorbed into the Malaysian Army as support groups despite their law enforcing duties. They are also tasked to do SAR works if needed.
- "Government Directory: Prime Minister's Department". Office of the Prime Minister of Malaysia. July 8, 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.