Law enforcement in Malaysia
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Law enforcement in Malaysia is performed by numerous law enforcement agencies and generally comes under the direct purview of the Royal Malaysia Police, the main government agency entrusted with the maintenance of law and order in the country. Like many federal nations, the nature of the Constitution of Malaysia mandates law and order as a subject of the state, therefore the bulk of the policing lies with the respective states and territories of Malaysia.
- 1 Police forces
- 2 Coast guards
- 3 Agencies
- 4 See also
- 5 References
Royal Malaysia Police
The Royal Malaysia Police (Abbreviation: RMP; Malay: Polis Diraja Malaysia, PDRM; Jawi: ڤوليس دراج مليسيا; Chinese: 馬來西亞皇家警察; Tamil: ராயல் மலேஷியா போலீஸ்) is the main agency tasked with maintaining law and order in Malaysia. The force is a centralised organisation with responsibilities ranging from traffic control to intelligence gathering. Its headquarters is located at Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur. The constitution, control, employment, recruitment, fund, discipline, duties and powers of the police force is specified and governed by the Police Act 1967.
An occupied by the Ministry of Home Affairs, RMP have six departments involved in crime and terrorism prevention and two departments involved in the administration. All departments are led by the directors with the rank of Commissioner of Police (Army Equivalent rank of Three Stars General or Lieutenant-General).
Private Security Services
The Malaysian Government utilises the services of several auxiliary police, volunteer police, and police cadet forces. An auxiliary police in RMP refers to sworn security police serving in autonomous government agencies and key government-linked companies/entities, such as:
- Malaysian Airports Holdings Berhad
- Petroleum Nasional Berhad (Petronas)
- Northport (Malaysia) Bhd
- Malayan Railways
- Pos Malaysia Holdings Berhad
- Federal Land Development Agency (FELDA)
- Bank Simpanan Nasional - BSN
- Tenaga Nasional
The volunteer police force in RMP has formed two corps, such as Police Volunteer Reserve and Police Undergraduate Voluntary Corps. The Police Volunteer Reserve (PVR) (Malay: Sukarelawan Polis) is a special police as well as a supporting unit of the full-time RMP forces where normal citizens could volunteer to help to maintain peace and security of their respective neighbourhoods and public areas, while Police Undergraduate Voluntary Corps (Malay: Kor Sukarelawan Siswa-siswi Polis; SUKSIS) is an undergraduate police volunteer organization to undergoing periodic training times to times in three years in their respective university and will be commissioned as Inspector by the Inspector General of Police in the end of the three years training.
Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Abbreviation: MMEA; Malay: Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia, APMM; Chinese: 馬來西亞海事執法局; Tamil: மலேசிய கடல் அமலாக்க முகமை) is the principal government agency tasked with maintaining law and order and coordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas. It is in effect the coast guard of Malaysia. The agency is not part of nor are there any plans for it be integrated into the Malaysian Armed Forces. The Agency and its members are part of the Malaysian Civil Service and report directly to the Prime Minister's Department.
Besides the RMP and MMEA, other government agencies that also enforce specific laws are as follows:
Royal Malaysian Customs
The Royal Malaysian Customs (RMC) (Malay: Jabatan Kastam Diraja Malaysia; KDRM; Chinese: 馬來西亞皇家海關; Tamil: ராயல் மலேசிய சுங்க) is the government agency of the Ministry of Finance of the Malaysia. The department responsible for administrating the nation’s indirect tax policy. In other words, KDRM administers seven main and thirty-nine subsidiary laws. Apart from this,KDRM implements eighteen laws for other government agencies.
Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission
The Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) (Malay: Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia, (SPRM); Chinese: 馬來西亞反腐敗委員會; Tamil: மலேசிய ஊழல் தடுப்பு ஆணையம்) (Anti-Corruption Agency (ACA) or Badan Pencegah Rasuah (BPR)) is a government agency in Malaysia that investigates and prosecutes corruption in the public and private sectors. The MACC was modeled after top anti-corruption agencies, such as the Hong Kong's Independent Commission Against Corruption and the New South Wales Independent Commission Against Corruption, Australia. The MACC is currently headed by Chief Commissioner Datuk Abu Kassim Bin Mohamed. He was appointed in January 2010 to replace former Chief Commissioner Datuk Seri Ahmad Said Bin Hamdan. Similarly, the agency is currently under the Prime Minister's Department.
RELA Corps (or Ikatan Relawan Rakyat Malaysia; English: Volunteers of Malaysian People; Chinese: 馬來西亞人民志願軍; Tamil: மலேசிய மக்கள் தொண்டர்கள்) is a paramilitary civil volunteer corps formed by the Malaysian government. Their main duty is to check the traveling documents and immigration permits of foreigners in Malaysian cities, including tourists, visitors and migrants to reduce the increasing rate of illegal immigrants in Malaysia. RELA has the authority to deal with situations like policemen, such as raiding suspected streets or places such as factories, restaurants and even hotels.
They are also fully authorized to conduct the interrogation and even detaining people who forget to bring their traveling documents, like passports and/or working permits. Besides that they are also tasked with security works at times. During times of war, they are absorbed into the Malaysian Army as support groups despite their law enforcing duties. They are also tasked to do SAR works if needed.
Immigration Department of Malaysia
Malaysian Road Transport Department
The Malaysian Road Transport Department (RTD) (Malay: Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan Malaysia, JPJ; Chinese: 馬來西亞陸路交通局; Tamil: மலேசிய சாலை போக்குவரத்து துறை) is a government department under the Malaysian Ministry of Transport. This department is responsible for issuing Malaysian number plates. According to the Road Transport Act, the enforcement is charged with the responsibility of undertaking registration and licensing of drivers and all motor vehicles and trailers in Malaysia.
- "Government Directory: Prime Minister's Department". Office of the Prime Minister of Malaysia. July 8, 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.