Law enforcement in Montenegro
Law enforcement in Montenegro is primarily the responsibility of the Police Administration (Uprava Policije). This is a law enforcement agency that has formerly been a part of Ministry of Interior Affairs, but since 2005, it has significant autonomy.
Police Administration consists of 5 sectors, 3 departments and 4 other operational units, and the office of the Director of the Police Administration (Direktor Uprave Policije):
- General Authority Police Sector
- Criminal Police Sector
- Border Police Sector
- Human Resources, Legal Matters, Telecommunication and Information systems Sector
- Persons and Objects Protection Sector
- International Relations and European Integrations Department
- Planning, Development and Analysis Department
- Internal Review Department
- Operational Communications Center
- Forensic Center
- Special Anti-Terrorist Unit
- Special Police Unit
For direct execution of law enforcement tasks on the territory of Montenegro, 8 Regional Police Units (Područne Jedinice Policije) exist:
- Podgorica Regional Police Unit (with Police Outposts in Danilovgrad, Cetinje and Kolašin)
- Nikšić Regional Police Unit (with Police Outposts in Plužine and Šavnik)
- Bar Regional Police Unit (with Police Outpost in Ulcinj)
- Herceg Novi Regional Police Unit (with Police Outposts in Kotor and Tivat)
- Berane Regional Police Unit (with Police Outposts in Rožaje, Plav and Andrijevica)
- Bijelo Polje Regional Police Unit (with Police Outpost in Mojkovac)
- Pljevlja Regional Police Unit (with Police Outpost in Žabljak)
- Budva Regional Police Unit
All directorates of the Police Administration report to the Ministry of Interior. The police force is controlled legally by the country's Law on Police, and the Assembly of the Republic of Montenegro and the Montenegrin citizens can use this law to exert control over the police force.
Resources and equipment
The Police Administration has 5,313 employees, of which 4,684 are police officers. There are 697 female employees in the Police Administration, of which 330 are uniformed police officers.
The Police Academy is located in Danilovgrad, and provides both basic police education, and professional and specialized training.
Public law and order officer on duty is usually equipped with a side gun (usually a CZ 99), a pair of handcuffs, a police baton, and a radio communication device.
The Police Administration operates a very heterogeneous fleet of road vehicles, numbering 774 vehicles in 2011. The most common patrol car is WV Golf, Mark IV and V, although various Mercedes Benz vehicles are also operating. Special police units are usually seen in Land Rover Defender off road vehicles.
Montenegro's Civil Police Aviation Unit forms part of the Montenegro Government Aviation Unit, and purchased its first aircraft in 1972, with three more SA341 Gazelles transferred from the military air force in the 1990s All helicopters are based at Golubovci Airport, Podgorica.
- Ministry of Interior
- Police Administration (in Serbian and English)
- OSCE Report Police Reform in Montenegro 2006-2011: Assessment and Recommendations - by Sonja Stojanović and Novak Gajić
- Aeroflight Montenegro Police profile retrieved on May 19, 2007
- International Air Power Review Vol.9 p. 90-91