Lawnside, New Jersey

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This article is about Lawnside, New Jersey, USA. For Lawnside School, Malvern, UK, see Malvern St James.
Lawnside, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Lawnside
Lawnside highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in the State of New Jersey.
Lawnside highlighted in Camden County. Inset: Location of Camden County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Lawnside, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lawnside, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°52′02″N 75°01′44″W / 39.867196°N 75.028807°W / 39.867196; -75.028807Coordinates: 39°52′02″N 75°01′44″W / 39.867196°N 75.028807°W / 39.867196; -75.028807[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Camden
Incorporated April 20, 1926
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Mary Ann Wardlow (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Jay Todd[4]
 • Clerk Sylvia A. Vannockay[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 1.408 sq mi (3.647 km2)
 • Land 1.408 sq mi (3.647 km2)
 • Water 0.000 sq mi (0.000 km2)  0.00%
Area rank 460th of 566 in state
25th of 37 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 85 ft (26 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 2,945
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 2,931
 • Rank 455th of 566 in state
29th of 37 in county[11]
 • Density 2,091.5/sq mi (807.5/km2)
 • Density rank 287th of 566 in state
30th of 37 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08045[12][13]
Area code(s) 856 Exchanges: 310, 546, 547, 573, 672[14]
FIPS code 3400739420[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885274[1][17]
Website www.lawnside.net

Lawnside is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,945,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 253 (+9.4%) from the 2,692 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 149 (-5.2%) from the 2,841 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

The land that became Lawnside was purchased in 1840 by abolitionists for freed and escaped slaves, as well as other African Americans.

On April 20, 1926, an "Official Special Election" was held in the Borough of Lawnside. Just one month earlier, on March 24, 1926, Governor of New Jersey A. Harry Moore signed into law New Jersey General Assembly Bill 561, dissolving Centre Township, of which Lawnside was a part, and incorporating the Borough of Lawnside, which also included portions of the borough of Barrington.[19] With its first election, Lawnside became the first independent self-governing African American community north of the Mason-Dixon line.[20]

Lawnside is home to a massive United Parcel Service depot.

Geography[edit]

Lawnside borough is located at 39°52′02″N 75°01′44″W / 39.867196°N 75.028807°W / 39.867196; -75.028807 (39.867196,-75.028807). According to the United States Census Bureau, Lawnside borough had a total area of 1.408 square miles (3.647 km2),all of which was land.[1][2]

Lawnside borders Barrington, Cherry Hill, Magnolia, Somerdale, and Tavistock.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 1,379
1940 1,270 −7.9%
1950 1,566 23.3%
1960 2,155 37.6%
1970 2,757 27.9%
1980 3,042 10.3%
1990 2,841 −6.6%
2000 2,692 −5.2%
2010 2,945 9.4%
Est. 2013 2,931 [10][21] −0.5%
Population sources:1930-2000[22]
1930[23] 1930-1990[24] 2000[25][26] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,945 people, 1,103 households, and 762.2 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,091.5 per square mile (807.5/km2). There were 1,174 housing units at an average density of 833.7 per square mile (321.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 4.21% (124) White, 88.83% (2,616) Black or African American, 0.65% (19) Native American, 1.43% (42) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.66% (49) from other races, and 3.23% (95) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.38% (129) of the population.[7]

There were 1,103 households, of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.4% were married couples living together, 24.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.23.[7]

In the borough, 23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females there were 84.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.1 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $56,006 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,232) and the median family income was $58,790 (+/- $6,229). Males had a median income of $46,705 (+/- $9,519) versus $43,239 (+/- $9,333) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,086 (+/- $3,210). About 12.3% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 2,692 people, 1,026 households, and 700 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,919.7 people per square mile (742.4/km2). There were 1,110 housing units at an average density of 791.6 per square mile (306.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.61% African American, 1.75% White, 1.00% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.38% of the population.[25][26]

There were 1,026 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 22.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.23.[1][26]

In the borough the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.4 males.[1][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $45,192, and the median income for a family was $55,197. Males had a median income of $34,881 versus $31,331 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,831. About 10.3% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.[1][26]

As part of the 2000 Census, 93.61% of Lawnside's residents identified themselves as being African American. This was the 30th highest percentage of African American people in any place in the United States with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry and the highest in the Northeastern United States.[28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Lawnside is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Lawnside, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[29]

The Mayor of Lawnside Borough is Mary Ann Wardlow, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014. Members of the Lawnside Borough Council are Council President Christopher L. Raines (D, 2015), Council Vice President Steve Pollard (D, 2016), Robert Lee (D, 2016), Stephen C. Moore (D, 2015), Clifford L. Still, Sr. (2014) and Lucille Wakefield-Moore (2014).[30][31][32][33][34]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Lawnside is located in the 1st Congressional District[35] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[8][36][37]

The seat for New Jersey's First Congressional District is currently vacant, having formerly been represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights), who resigned on February 18, 2014.[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[41][42]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Donald Norcross (D, Camden) and in the General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden).[43] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[44] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[45]

Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with wither two or three seats coming up for election each year.[46] As of 2014, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2014)[47], Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2016)[48], Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015)[49], Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015)[50], Scot N. McCray (Camden, 2014)[51], Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015)[52] and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016).[53][54][55] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Joseph Ripa,[56] Sheriff Charles H. Billingham[57] and Surrogate Patricia Egan "Pat" Jones.[58]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,276 registered voters in Lawnside, of which 1,481 (65.1%) were registered as Democrats, 99 (4.3%) were registered as Republicans and 696 (30.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[59]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 96.2% of the vote here (1,811 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 1.9% (35 votes), with 1,882 ballots cast among the borough's 2,178 registered voters, for a turnout of 86.4%.[60] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 92.6% of the vote here (1,360 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 5.4% (79 votes), with 1,469 ballots cast among the borough's 1,989 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.9.[61]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 88.9% of the vote here (984 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 5.3% (59 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 1.5% (17 votes), with 1,107 ballots cast among the borough's 2,332 registered voters, yielding a 47.5% turnout.[62]

Education[edit]

The Lawnside School District serves public school students in Kindergarten through eighth grade at Lawnside Public School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 255 students and 27.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.44:1.[63]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Haddon Heights High School, which serves Haddon Heights, and students from the neighboring communities of Barrington and Lawnside who attend the high school as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Haddon Heights School District.[64][65]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 17.95 miles (28.89 km) of roadways, of which 10.75 miles (17.30 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.89 miles (6.26 km) by Camden County, 1.90 miles (3.06 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.41 miles (2.27 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[66]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit offers bus service between Turnersville and Camden, with connecting bus and rail service into Philadelphia on the 403 route.[67][68]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lawnside include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Departments, Borough of Lawnside. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 28.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Lawnside, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lawnside borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lawnside borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Lawnside, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Lawnside, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 107. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  20. ^ "Lawnside: Rich and deep progress", Courier-Post, October 19, 2006. Accessed July 9, 2008. "In 1926, Lawnside was incorporated as a borough and became the first independent, self-governing black municipality north of the Mason-Dixon Line."
  21. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Camden County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 715. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  25. ^ a b Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Lawnside borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Lawnside borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Lawnside borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  28. ^ African Indian Communities, Epodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
  29. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  30. ^ Mayor & Council, Borough of Lawnside. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  31. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Lawnside. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  32. ^ Camden County General Election November 5, 2013, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  33. ^ staff. "Camden County election results 2012", South Jersey Times, November 7, 2012. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  34. ^ 88th Annual reorganization Meeting Minutes, Borough of Lawnside, January 4, 2014. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  35. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  39. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  41. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  42. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2014.
  44. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  45. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  46. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  47. ^ Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  48. ^ Edward McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  49. ^ Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  50. ^ Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  51. ^ Scot N. McCray, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  52. ^ Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  53. ^ Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  54. ^ Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  55. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  56. ^ County Clerk, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Sheriff, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Surrogate's Court, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  59. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Camden, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  60. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  61. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  62. ^ 2009 Governor: Camden County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2012.
  63. ^ District information for Lawnside School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  64. ^ About Our School, Haddon Heights High School. Accessed October 28, 2014. "Haddon Heights High School serves over eight hundred students from three local towns: Haddon Heights, Barrington, and Lawnside."
  65. ^ Haddon Heights School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 28, 2014. "Professional development with our two sending districts, Barrington and Lawnside, continues to increase so that our students enter high school with the same educational background."
  66. ^ Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  67. ^ Camden County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  68. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed October 28, 2014.
  69. ^ "South Jersey News in Brief", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 28, 2003. Accessed October 7, 2012. "A Lawnside man who sued then-Gov. Christie Whitman after she frisked him during a 1996 ride-along with state police in Camden pleaded guilty yesterday to possession of drugs with intent to distribute in a school zone."

External links[edit]