Lawrence Brook

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Lawrence Brook
HPIM0286 lawrence brook sb.jpg
One of the few undammed sections of Lawrence Brook (below Davidsons Mill Pond)
Origin 40°22′33″N 74°32′32″W / 40.37583°N 74.54222°W / 40.37583; -74.54222[1]
Mouth 40°29′5″N 74°23′34″W / 40.48472°N 74.39278°W / 40.48472; -74.39278[1]
Progression Raritan River, Atlantic Ocean
Basin countries United States
Mouth elevation 3 ft (0.91 m)
Basin area 40 sq mi (100 km2)
River system Raritan River system
Left tributaries Terhune Run, Oakeys Brook, Sucker Brook,
Right tributaries Great Ditch, Ireland Brook, Beaverdam Brook, Sawmill Brook
Westons Mill Pond section of Lawrence Brook, with Rutgers University on the opposite side

Lawrence Brook is a tributary of the Raritan River in Middlesex County, New Jersey in the United States.[2]

Course[edit]

Originally a 10-mile (16 km) stream, its course now includes man-made lakes created by dams built in the 19th and 20th centuries: Deans Pond (South Brunswick), Davidsons Mill Pond (South Brunswick), Farrington Lake (South Brunswick, North Brunswick and East Brunswick), Mill Pond (Milltown), and Westons Mill's Pond (Milltown, East Brunswick, North Brunswick and New Brunswick). Its lowest section, near the Raritan River, is tidal; it hosts marine wildlife and is regarded as a coastal area.

Its drainage basin, the Lawrence Brook watershed, is a 40-square-mile (100 km2) area, identified by the USGS code HUC 02030105130.

In its Westons Mill Pond section, Lawrence Brook crosses Rutgers University's Cook Campus, along the vegetable research Farm, the Equine Research farm, Rutgers Gardens and Helyar forest.

Though not obvious from the roadways, Lawrence Brook is a wildlife corridor, a bird migration area and a highly sensitive body of water. Power boats, except with an electric motor, are not permitted on the brook.

History[edit]

  • This stream was called Piscopeek by the Unami Lenni Lenape Indians. Its current name comes from Mr.Thomas Lawrence, a New York City baker, who acquired its surrounding land in the 17th century.[3] Some historical maps show the spelling Lawrence's Brook.
  • In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Farrington Lake area served as a resort area, with a trolley line running from New Brunswick through Milltown then turning south to eventually end at the State Fair Grounds in Trenton. The lake (named for a mayor of New Brunswick who died during WWI) was formed by a dam built above a lower working dam that powered a snuff mill built in the mid 19th century.

Pictures[edit]

Succession of ponds, lakes and reservoirs[edit]

(Upstream)

  • Deans Pond (South Brunswick)
  • Davidsons Mill Pond (South Brunswick)
  • Farrington Lake (South Brunswick, North Brunswick, East Brunswick)
  • Mill Pond (Milltown)
  • Westons Mill Pond (Milltown, East Brunswick, North Brunswick, New Brunswick)

(Downstream)

Parks along Lawrence Brook[edit]

  • Davidsons Mill Pond County Park (South Brunswick)
  • Ireland Brook County Park (South Brunswick and East Brunswick)
  • Bicentennial Park (East Brunswick)
  • North Brunswick Memorial Park (North Brunswick)
  • Brook Park (Milltown)
  • Mill Pond Park (Milltown)
  • Rutgers Gardens and Helyar Woods (Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey)

Main tributaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "GNIS Detail - Lawrence Brook". USGS. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  2. ^ Gertler, Edward. Garden State Canoeing, Seneca Press, 2002. ISBN 0-9605908-8-9
  3. ^ Indian bill of sale, Trenton Museum

External links[edit]