Lawrence County, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lawrence County, Alabama
Lawrence County Courthouse in Moulton, Alabama.JPG
Lawrence County Courthouse in Moulton, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 6, 1818
Named for James Lawrence
Seat Moulton
Largest city Moulton
Area
 • Total 718.07 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land 693.38 sq mi (1,796 km2)
 • Water 24.68 sq mi (64 km2), 3.44%
Population
 • (2010) 34,339
 • Density 49/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.lawrencealabama.com

Lawrence County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama, and is included in the Decatur Metropolitan Area, as well as the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. It was named after James Lawrence, a captain in the United States Navy from New Jersey. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,339,[1] with the most Native American residents of any county in the state. The county seat is Moulton.

History[edit]

For thousands of years, this area was inhabited by differing cultures of indigenous peoples. People of the Copena culture in the Middle Woodland period (1-500 CE) built complex earthworks as part of their religious and political system. Their burial mound and ceremonial platform mound, the largest in the state, are preserved at Oakville Indian Mounds Park and Museum. The museum includes exhibits on the Cherokee, who inhabited the area at the time of European encounter. Other historic Native American tribes were Choctaw and Creek.

Lawrence County was established by European Americans on February 6, 1818. Under the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the U.S. government forced most tribes to go west to Indian Territory to the west of the Mississippi River, to make way for American settlers and development.

Numerous Cherokee and mixed-race European-Cherokee descendants, sometimes called "Black Dutch", have stayed in the Lawrence County area. The county has the highest number of self-identified Native Americans in the state, including 4,000 members of the Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama, which is state recognized.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 718.07 square miles (1,859.8 km2), of which 693.38 square miles (1,795.8 km2) (or 96.56%) is land and 24.68 square miles (63.9 km2) (or 3.44%) is water.[2]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

River[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Education[edit]

Lawrence County is home to four high schools: East Lawrence High School (4A), Hatton High School (2A), Lawrence County High School (5A), and R.A. Hubbard High School (1A). Lawrence County also has six elementary schools and six middle schools. Other educational facilities include the Lawrence County Center of Technology and the Judy Jester Learning Center.

Former high schools, Hazlewood High School, Speake High School, and Mt. Hope High School were closed in 2009.[3]

Notable residents[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 8,652
1830 14,984 73.2%
1840 13,313 −11.2%
1850 15,258 14.6%
1860 13,975 −8.4%
1870 16,658 19.2%
1880 21,392 28.4%
1890 20,725 −3.1%
1900 20,124 −2.9%
1910 21,984 9.2%
1920 24,307 10.6%
1930 26,942 10.8%
1940 27,880 3.5%
1950 27,128 −2.7%
1960 24,501 −9.7%
1970 27,281 11.3%
1980 30,170 10.6%
1990 31,513 4.5%
2000 34,803 10.4%
2010 34,339 −1.3%
Est. 2012 33,838 −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 34,803 people, 13,538 households, and 10,194 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 15,009 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 77.77% White, 13.36% Black or African American, 5.36% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 3.08% from two or more races. 1.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census[6] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Lawrence County were English 61.2%, African 13.36%, Scots-Irish 4.1% and Welsh 2.0%.

There were 13,538 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.50% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,549, and the median income for a family was $38,565. Males had a median income of $31,519 versus $20,480 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,515. About 13.10% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 24.50% of those age 65 or over.

Municipalities[edit]

Communities[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Lawrence County is home to part of the William B. Bankhead National Forest, Oakville Indian Mounds, and Jesse Owens Memorial Park. The Black Warrior Path, which starts in Cullman County, runs through this county and passes the Oakville Indian Mounds. It was used by Native Americans for hundreds of years, and was later used by pioneer settlers.

Events[edit]

Every year Lawrence County hosts numerous events, including the AHSAA Cross Country state championships at the Oakville Indian Mounds, the Lawrence County Basketball Tournament in Moulton, and the Alabama Indian Festival at the Oakville Indian Mounds.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ http://www.cullmantimes.com/localsports/x1048558949/Ex-Hazlewood-football-stars-Langham-Goode-have-mixed-emotions-about-school-s-closing
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°31′17″N 87°18′37″W / 34.52139°N 87.31028°W / 34.52139; -87.31028