Lawrence County, Illinois

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Lawrence County, Illinois
Lawrence County Courthouse in Lawrenceville.jpg
Lawrence County Courthouse in Lawrenceville
Map of Illinois highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for James Lawrence
Seat Lawrenceville
Largest city Lawrenceville
Area
 • Total 374 sq mi (969 km2)
 • Land 372 sq mi (963 km2)
 • Water 2.0 sq mi (5 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 16,833
 • Density 45/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.lawrencecountyillinois.com

Lawrence County is the easternmost county in the U.S. state of Illinois (excluding water boundaries). According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 16,833.[1] Its county seat is Lawrenceville.[2]

History[edit]

Lawrence County was formed in 1821 out of Crawford and Edwards counties. It was named for Captain James Lawrence, who was killed in action during the War of 1812 while commanding the frigate USS Chesapeake. Mortally wounded, he gave his men the famous last order, "Don't give up the ship."

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 374 square miles (970 km2), of which 372 square miles (960 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.5%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather[edit]

Lawrenceville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.6
 
36
18
 
 
2.5
 
42
22
 
 
3.6
 
53
32
 
 
4.3
 
65
42
 
 
5.1
 
75
52
 
 
4.1
 
84
61
 
 
4.7
 
88
65
 
 
3.7
 
86
63
 
 
3.2
 
80
54
 
 
3.2
 
68
42
 
 
4.3
 
54
33
 
 
3.2
 
42
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lawrenceville have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.51 inches (64 mm) in February to 5.13 inches (130 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Lawrence County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 3,668
1840 7,092 93.3%
1850 6,121 −13.7%
1860 9,214 50.5%
1870 12,533 36.0%
1880 13,663 9.0%
1890 14,693 7.5%
1900 16,523 12.5%
1910 22,661 37.1%
1920 21,380 −5.7%
1930 21,885 2.4%
1940 21,075 −3.7%
1950 20,539 −2.5%
1960 18,540 −9.7%
1970 17,522 −5.5%
1980 17,807 1.6%
1990 15,972 −10.3%
2000 15,452 −3.3%
2010 16,833 8.9%
Est. 2013 16,558 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 15,452 people, 6,309 households, and 4,252 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 7,014 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.97% White, 0.76% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.5% were of American, 21.6% German, 17.4% English and 10.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.5% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 6,309 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 20.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,361, and the median income for a family was $37,050. Males had a median income of $28,428 versus $18,727 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,070. About 10.70% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Nine townships make up Lawrence County. They are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lawrenceville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°43′N 87°44′W / 38.72°N 87.73°W / 38.72; -87.73