Lawrence County, Pennsylvania
|Lawrence County, Pennsylvania|
Lawrence County Courthouse
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 20, 1849|
|Named for||USS Lawrence|
|Largest city||New Castle|
|• Total||363 sq mi (940 km2)|
|• Land||358 sq mi (927 km2)|
|• Water||4.5 sq mi (12 km2), 1.3%|
|• Density||254/sq mi (98/km²)|
|Congressional districts||3rd, 12th|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Micropolitan Statistical Area
- 5 Government and politics
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Recreation
- 9 Municipalities
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Lawrence County was created on March 20, 1849, from parts of Beaver and Mercer counties due to the rapid growth of New Castle, which was primarily in Mercer County but was rapidly expanding into Beaver County. The former borders between Beaver and Mercer Counties are still evident in Lawrence County today, as the northern borders of North Beaver Township, Shenango Township, and Slippery Rock Township with (respectively) the southern borders of Mahoning Township, Hickory Township, and Scott Township make up the former boundaries between Beaver and Mercer Counties. In addition, County Line Road in New Castle where the Lawrence County Courthouse is located also marks the former boundaries.
It was named after the USS Lawrence, Oliver Hazard Perry's original flagship at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812. The ship, in turn, was named after naval officer James Lawrence, who died during the War of 1812.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 363 square miles (940 km2), of which 358 square miles (930 km2) is land and 4.5 square miles (12 km2) (1.3%) is water. Major waterways are the Shenango River, Neshannock Creek and the Mahoning River which form the Beaver River. Also, the Slippery Rock Creek and Connoquenessing Creak empty into the Beaver River.
- Mercer County (north)
- Butler County (east)
- Beaver County (south)
- Columbiana County, Ohio (southwest)
- Mahoning County, Ohio (west)
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 94,643 people, 37,091 households, and 25,889 families residing in the county. The population density was 263 people per square mile (101/km²). There were 39,635 housing units at an average density of 110 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.98% White, 3.61% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 0.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.1% were of Italian, 21.7% German, 9.3% Irish, 6.8% English and 6.8% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 37,091 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 19.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.90 males.
Micropolitan Statistical Area
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Lawrence County as the New Castle, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the micropolitan area ranked 3rd most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 48th most populous in the United States with a population of 91,108. Lawrence County is also a part of the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the population of Lawrence, as well as the Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Indiana, Washington and Westmoreland county areas in Pennsylvania. In West Virginia the counties included are Brooke and Hancock. And in Ohio, Jefferson County. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 4th in the State of Pennsylvania and 20th most populous in the United States with a population of 2,660,727.
Government and politics
As of November 2008, there are 62,505 registered voters in Lawernce County.
- Dan Vogler, Chairman, Republican
- Bob Del Signore, Republican
- Steve Craig, Democrat
Other county officials
- Clerk of Courts and Prothonotary, Helen Morgan, Democrat
- Controller, David Gettings, Republican
- District Attorney, Joshua Lamancusa, Democrat
- Register of Wills and Recorder of Deeds, Janet Kalajainen, Democrat
- Sheriff, Perry Quahliero, Democrat
- Treasurer, Richard Rapone, Democrat
- Christopher Sainato, Democrat, 9th district
- Jaret Gibbons, Democrat, 10th district
- Michele Brooks, Republican, 17th district
- Keith Rothfus, Republican, 12th district
- Mike Kelly, Republican, 3rd district
- Butler Community College Lawrence Crossing Campus
- Erie Business College
- Westminster College - New Wilmington
Public school districts
- Blackhawk School District (part)
- Ellwood City Area School District (part)
- Laurel School District (Home of the Spartans)
- Mohawk Area School District
- Neshannock Township School District
- New Castle Area School District
- Shenango School District
- Union Area School District
- Wilmington Area School District (part)
- Erie Business Center South - New Castle
- Lawrence County Career Technology Center - New Castle
- New Castle School of Trades - New Castle
Per data provided at Pennsylvania EdNA
- Ellwood City Area Public Library
- F D Campbell Memorial Library - Bessemer
- Lawrence County Federated Library System - New Castle
- New Castle Public Library
- Cascade Park (New Castle)
- Ewing Park (Ellwood City)
- Gaston Park (New Castle)
- McConnells Mill State Park (Slippery Rock Twp)
- Pearson Park (Neshannock Twp)
- West Park Nature Center (Union Twp)
- Marti Park
- New Wilmington Borough Park
State Game Lands
- SGL 148 (New Beaver)
- SGL 150 (Pulaski Twp)
- SGL 151 (Washington Twp)
- SGL 178 (Neshannock Twp)
- SGL 216 (Scott Twp)
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lawrence County:
- New Castle (county seat)
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
Various unincorporated communities that lie within and are part of official municipalities.
- Big Beaver Borough- was encepted on March 7th 1958. Until that date it was known as Big Beaver Township which was formed in 1802 when South Beaver Township was divided. In 1849 when Lawrence County was created, the new county line split Big Beaver leaving a township of that name in each county. Big Beaver in Lawrence County is now known as New Beaver Borough.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Running for Office. Dos.state.pa.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
- Tourism - http://www.visitlawrencecounty.com/
- Government - http://www.co.lawrence.pa.us/
- Economic Development - http://www.lawrencecounty.com/
- Chamber of Commerce - http://www.lawrencecountychamber.com/
- Fishing - http://www.fish.state.pa.us/
- Hunting - http://www.pgc.state.pa.us/
- History - http://www.lawrencechs.com/