Lawrence County, Tennessee
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|Lawrence County, Tennessee|
Location in the state of Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
|Named for||James Lawrence|
618 sq mi (1,600 km²)
617 sq mi (1,598 km²)
1 sq mi (2 km²), .12%
65/sq mi (25/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
It was named in honor of Captain James Lawrence (1781–1813), who while commanding the USS Chesapeake in an 1813 battle with the Royal Navy frigate HMS Shannon, issued his famous command: "Don't give up the ship! Blow her up." His men did anyway and Lawrence died of wounds.
Lawrenceburg was chosen as the county seat in 1819 as it was near the center of the county and because Jackson's Military Road ran just east of the town. In April 1821, the road was redirected through the center of the Lawrenceburg. The military road, the main route from Natchez, Mississippi, to Nashville, Tennessee, played a significant role in the county's development.
An early resident was David Crockett, who served as one of the county's first commissioners and justices of the peace. Crockett lived in the county for several years and ran a water-powered grist mill, powder mill and distillery on Shoal Creek, where David Crockett State Park is now located.
Between 1908 and 1915, there was an influx of settlers from Alabama. Most were cotton growers or worked in the timber industry. Logging soon declined, since the forests were not replanted after trees were harvested; however, cotton continued to be a major crop until the 1960s.
In 1944, Amish people moved to the area and established a community in the north of the county. The Old Order Amish community has now become a tourist attraction.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 618 square miles (1,600.6 km2), of which 617 square miles (1,598.0 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.12%) is water.
- U.S. Route 43/ Tennessee State Route 6
- U.S. Route 64/ Tennessee State Route 15
- Natchez Trace Parkway
National protected area
- Lewis County (north)
- Maury County (northeast)
- Giles County (east)
- Lauderdale County, Alabama (south)
- Wayne County (west)
As of the census of 2000, there were 39,926 people, 65,480 households, and 11,362 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 16,821 housing units but as of 2010 that had jumped to over 19,000 at an average density of 27 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.83% White, 1.47% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 15,480 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,498, and the median income for a family was $35,326. Males had a median income of $27,742 versus $20,928 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,848. About 10.70% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 16.30% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
In June 2010, the Tennessee Commission of Indian Affairs gave official recognition to six Native American groups, including the Central Band of Cherokee, also known as the Cherokee of Lawrence County. The recognition of these tribes at a state level has stirred much controversy among federally recognized Indian tribes, who claim the recognition by a state is unconstitutional and threatens the status of existing tribes.
- Michael Jeter, actor
- Fred Thompson, former U.S. Senator
- David Weathers, Major League Baseball player
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "David Crockett State Park". Tennessee State Parks. Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: German Catholic Churches and Cemeteries of Lawrence County, 1984
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Tom Humphrey, "State grants six Indian tribes recognition: Cherokee Nation may try to have action by Indian Affairs voided", Knoxville News Sentinel, 21 June 2010, accessed 30 June 2010
-  Clay Carey, "Battle grows bitter as Tennessee recognizes new Indian tribes", "USA TODAY", 09 July 2010, accessed 13 July 2010
- Lawrence County at the Open Directory Project
- Official site
- Lawrence County Archives
- Central Band of Cherokee, Cherokee of Lawrence County Website
||Lewis County||Maury County|
|Wayne County||Giles County|
|Lauderdale County, Alabama|