Lawrence County, Tennessee

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Lawrence County, Tennessee
Map of Tennessee highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1817
Named for James Lawrence[1]
Seat Lawrenceburg
Largest city Lawrenceburg
Area
 • Total 618 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Land 617 sq mi (1,598 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2 km2), .1%
Population
 • (2010) 41,869
 • Density 65/sq mi (25/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.lawrencecountytn.gov

Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 41,869.[2] Its county seat and largest city is Lawrenceburg.[3]

Lawrence County comprises the Lawrenceburg, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Created by an act of the Tennessee General Assembly on October 21, 1817, Lawrence County was formed from lands previously part of Hickman and Giles counties.[1]

It was named in honor of Captain James Lawrence (1781–1813),[1] who while commanding the USS Chesapeake in an 1813 battle with the Royal Navy frigate HMS Shannon, issued his famous command: "Don't give up the ship! Blow her up." His men did anyway and Lawrence died of wounds.

Lawrenceburg was chosen as the county seat in 1819 as it was near the center of the county and because Jackson's Military Road ran just east of the town. In April 1821, the road was redirected through the center of the Lawrenceburg. The military road, the main route from Natchez, Mississippi, to Nashville, Tennessee, played a significant role in the county's development.[1]

An early resident was David Crockett, who served as one of the county's first commissioners and justices of the peace. Crockett lived in the county for several years and ran a water-powered grist mill, powder mill and distillery on Shoal Creek, where David Crockett State Park is now located.[4]

In the early 1870s, many German Catholics moved into the area, including skilled tradesmen.[5] After the arrival of the railroad in 1883, the county became a major source of iron ore.[1]

Between 1908 and 1915, there was an influx of settlers from Alabama. Most were cotton growers or worked in the timber industry. Logging soon declined, since the forests were not replanted after trees were harvested; however, cotton continued to be a major crop until the 1960s.[1]

In 1944, Amish people moved to the area and established a community in the north of the county.[1] The Old Order Amish community has now become a tourist attraction.

On April 16, 1998, an F5 tornado hit the county, part of the 1998 Nashville tornado outbreak.

Geography[edit]

Crockett Falls at David Crockett State Park

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 618 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 617 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.1%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,271
1830 5,411 65.4%
1840 7,121 31.6%
1850 9,280 30.3%
1860 9,320 0.4%
1870 7,601 −18.4%
1880 10,383 36.6%
1890 12,286 18.3%
1900 15,402 25.4%
1910 17,569 14.1%
1920 23,593 34.3%
1930 26,776 13.5%
1940 28,726 7.3%
1950 28,818 0.3%
1960 28,049 −2.7%
1970 29,097 3.7%
1980 34,110 17.2%
1990 35,303 3.5%
2000 39,926 13.1%
2010 41,869 4.9%
Est. 2012 42,086 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid Lawrence County[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 39,926 people, 15,480 households, and 11,362 families residing in the county. The population density was 65 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 16,821 housing units but as of 2010 that had jumped to over 19,000 at an average density of 27 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.83% White, 1.47% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,480 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,498, and the median income for a family was $35,326. Males had a median income of $27,742 versus $20,928 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,848. About 10.70% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 16.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Alexander Springs
  • Antioch
  • Appleton
  • Barnesville
  • Belmont
  • Bird Mill
  • Bonnertown
  • Brace
  • Brier Hill
  • Brown Crossroads
  • Busby
  • Center
  • Center Point
  • Chinubee
  • Clark Branch
  • Clearview Heights
  • Crestview
  • Crewstown
  • Crossroads
  • Deerfield
  • Dunn
  • Fairview
  • Fall River
  • Five Points
  • Flatwoods
  • Gaitherville
  • Gandy
  • Glendale
  • Gum Springs
  • Hardwick Subdivision
  • Henryville
  • Hickory Heights
  • Hood Lake
  • Hudson
  • Idaho
  • Iron City
  • Jonestown
  • Knob Creek
  • Leoma
  • Liberty Grove
  • Lodi
  • Long Branch
  • Lower Mockeson
  • Mars Hill
  • Meadowview
  • Mount Nebo
  • Mount Zion
  • New Haven
  • New Prospect
  • Oak Hill
  • Ovilla
  • Park Grove
  • Pea Ridge
  • Peppertown
  • Pinkney
  • Pleasant Point
  • Pleasain Valley
  • Quercus
  • Ramah
  • Rascal Town
  • Red Hill
  • Revilo
  • Rossboro
  • Saint Marys
  • Saint Truitt
  • Sims Ridge
  • Springers Station
  • Spring Creek
  • Summertown
  • Three Oaks
  • Turkey Track
  • Union Hill
  • Upper Mockeson
  • Wayland Springs
  • Webber City
  • Westpoint
  • Wolf Creek

Native Americans[edit]

In June 2010, the Tennessee Commission of Indian Affairs gave official recognition to six Native American groups, including the Central Band of Cherokee, also known as the Cherokee of Lawrence County.[10] The recognition of these tribes at a state level has stirred much controversy among federally recognized Indian tribes, who claim the recognition by a state is unconstitutional and threatens the status of existing tribes.[11]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Kathy Niedergeses, "Lawrence County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 21 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "David Crockett State Park". Tennessee State Parks. Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: German Catholic Churches and Cemeteries of Lawrence County, 1984
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ Tom Humphrey, "State grants six Indian tribes recognition: Cherokee Nation may try to have action by Indian Affairs voided", Knoxville News Sentinel, 21 June 2010, accessed 30 June 2010
  11. ^ [1] Clay Carey, "Battle grows bitter as Tennessee recognizes new Indian tribes", "USA TODAY", 09 July 2010, accessed 13 July 2010

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°13′N 87°23′W / 35.22°N 87.39°W / 35.22; -87.39